Date: 16 août 2017
Source: Jeune Afrique
La responsabilité de la Tunisie dans l’expropriation illégale du groupe ABCI, qui était actionnaire majoritaire de la Banque franco-tunisienne (BFT), ayant été confirmée le 17 juillet par un tribunal international, les avocats représentant le gouvernement cherchent désormais à éviter le versement d'une amende qui plomberait le budget de l'État.
This paper assesses the economic value ofchanges in the attributes of farmers’ irrigation waterproperty rights in Tunisia. Changes on attributesgenerated by the transfer process of the property rightsfrom the collective to the individual level in addition tochanges in “constitutional” attributes were integratedinto three scenarios. The valuation was conducted usingthe Contingent Valuation Method through the elicitationof individuals’ willingness to pay. Results show positivewillingness to pay values for all scenarios.
The impact of land use changes on sustainable development is of increasing interest in many regions of the world. This study aimed to test the transferability of the Framework for Participatory Impact Assessment (FoPIA), which was originally developed in the European context, to developing countries, in which lack of data often prevents the use of data-driven impact assessment methods. The core aspect of FoPIA is the stakeholder-based assessment of alternative land use scenarios.
This article analyzes the efficiency of Water Users Associations (WUA) in the Cap Bon region(Tunisia) and studies its main determinants. The analysis is performed in two stages. First, theefficiency is measured via the nonparametric “Data Envelopment Analysis” (DEA) technique. TheDEA models are constructed not only to assess the overall WUA efficiency but also to evaluate themanagement and engineering sub-vectors efficiencies separately through a mathematical modificationin the initial DEA model. In a second stage critical determinants of efficiency are determined using aTobit model.
Problems of unsustainable watershed use in the Mediterranean areas (overgrazing, forest degradation and clearing, soil erosion, fires, etc.) often result from the reduced profitability of traditional land use systems, lack of clearly defined property rights, insufficient enforcement of existing rules, and lack of adequate economic instruments.
The System-wide Program for Collective Action and Property Rights (CAPRi)sponsored an International Conference on Policy and Institutional Options for theManagement of Rangelands in Dry Areas, May 7-11, 2001 in Hammamet, Tunisia.
Apart from a decrease in total perennial plant cover, degradation of North-African arid lands is not easy to qualify. Yet, simple and comprehensive yardsticks are necessary to assess degradation. We assigned components of competitive ability (C), stress tolerance (S) and ruderality (R) to 15 common perennials of Presaharian Tunisia. We used for that purpose phyto-ecological studies, data about life-form, grazing value and demography and circumstantial data.
The present study describes an innovative methodology to rank suitable sites for irrigation with TWW using fuzzy-AHP based on GIS where the Nabeul-Hammamet aquifer catchment (Tunisia) is selected as the target area. The model is relatively simple and is extendable worldwide. Several influential parameters are identified considering simultaneously technical, social, economical and environmental aspects. They are grouped in five main criteria, namely land suitability for irrigation, resources conflicts, cost effectiveness, social acceptance and environmental impact.