Evaluates relationship between NDVI (nomalized difference vegetation index) and above-ground biomass, between maximum NDVI and end-of-growing season biomass; and between the integral of the NDVI curve or NDVI increments overtime and actual biomass. Describes atmospheric interference and technical problems affecting the special vegetation index.
Describes the dif. phases in the ILCA research framework, w. regard to Livestock Systems Research (LSR), particularly the descriptive, diagnostic, design, testing & extension phases, using examples of field research on pastoral & agropastoral systems in the arid & semi arid zones of Mali, Ethiopia and Kenya.
In the Sahelian rangelands biomass production is constrained by soil moisture in the drier (100-250 mm) parts and by soil nutrients in the wetter parts. Similarly, for a given Sahelian range, nutrient deficiency would be more prominent in good than in poor rainfall years. To test this hypothesis, fertiliser trials were carried out at sites distributed along the bioclimatic gradient in the Gourma (Mali) over contrasting rainfall years between 1988 and 1992.
Mali is one of the least developed countries with an economy that relies heavily on rainfed cereal production. Rural communities are faced with extreme poverty as a result of unpredictable rainfall pattern and lack of appropriate agricultural intervention practices. Most agronomic practices in support of development in the past had emphasized farm-level productivity issues with limited scope for managing interactions among components and actors beyond the level of the farm. Several studies showed different techniques practiced at farm level to improve the agricultural productivity.