The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations leads international efforts to defeat hunger. Serving both developed and developing countries, FAO acts as a neutral forum where all nations meet as equals to negotiate agreements and debate policy. FAO is also a source of knowledge and information. We help developing countries and countries in transition modernize and improve agriculture, forestry and fisheries practices and ensure good nutrition for all. Since our founding in 1945, we have focused special attention on developing rural areas, home to 70 percent of the world's poor and hungry people.
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Resources
Les pressions sur les ressources naturelles, de plus en plus intenses, les inégalités qui continuent de se creuser et les répercussions négatives du changement climatique compromettent la capacité de l'homme à se nourrir par lui-même à l'avenir. Tel est le message alarmant d'un nouveau rapport de la FAO publié aujourd'hui.
FAO published its Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure (VGGT) of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security in 2012. The purpose of these guidelines is to serve as reference and to provide guidance to improve the governance of tenure of land, fisheries and forest with the overarching goal of achieving food security for all and to support the progressive realization of the right to adequate food in the context of national food security.
FAO's Governance of Tenure Technical Guide No. 6, this guide "aims to support states, community-based organizations and civil society organizations, the private sector and other relevant actors to take proactive measures to implement the standards and recommendations of the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests (Tenure Guidelines) for legally recognizing and protecting tenure rights to commons and community-based governance structures."
FAO's Governance of Tenure Technical Guide No. 6, this guide "builds on a number of initiatives and studies from recent years that have shone a light on pastoral governance and land tenure: on the inherent challenges pastoralists face, the shortcomings of governments in securing pastoral tenure, and the emerging examples of success and progress from around the world."
Investment in agriculture is essential to reducing food insecurity and poverty. Since 2008, demand for agricultural land in developing countries has increased sharply. Land is considered to be an attractive asset. In social terms, investments in land have produced mixed results. Such investments have the potential to benefit local communities by giving small farmers greater access to capital, technology, knowledge and markets. They can also deliver macroeconomic benefits such as increased economic growth and agricultural production.
El Acuerdo de París, adoptado en diciembre de 2015, representa un nuevo principio en el esfuerzo mundial por estabilizar el clima antes de que sea demasiado tarde. En él se reconoce la importancia de la seguridad alimentaria en la respuesta internacional al cambio climático, como queda reflejado en el hecho de que muchos países sitúen en un lugar destacado el sector de la agricultura en sus contribuciones previstas para la adaptación y la mitigación.
Secure tenure rights and control over land for women and men farmers are key to boosting smallholder productivity, rural development and food security. However, in many parts of the world, men and women have inadequate access to secure property rights over land. Women are particularly disadvantaged: even though they constitute on average 43 percent of the agricultural labour force in developing countries, women’s ownership of agricultural land remains significantly lower than that of men.