Land and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

Goal 5: Gender equality
Target 5.a: Undertake reforms to give women equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to ownership and control over land and other forms of property, financial services, inheritance and natural resources, in accordance with national laws

The indicator monitors legal reforms that give women equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to ownership and control over land. This indicator proposes that progress towards the SDG target will be determined by the extent to which countries have incorporated into their legal framework the following 6 proxies based on internationally recognized standards, particularly from Voluntary Guidelines on Responsible Governance of Tenure (VGGT) and the International Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW):

  1. Mandatory joint registration, or economic incentives for joint registration.
  2. Spouse or partner consent for land transactions.
  3. Equal rights for sons and daughters to inherit and for surviving spouse to receive an inheritance share.
  4. Budgetary commitments to strengthen equal rights for women regarding ownership and/or control of land.
  5. If customary land tenure is recognized in the legal and policy framework, women’s land rights are protected.
  6. Quotas for women's participation in land administration and management institutions.

SDG indicator 5.a.2 currently remains at Tier III status (the lowest Tier) because the conceptual clarity is being developed and baseline data is being compiled. 

Selected indicators on the Land Portal

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This indicator is a sub-component of the Restricted Resources and Entitlements Indicator and measures whether women and men have equal and secure access to land use, control and ownership.

Measurement unit
Index (0; 1)

Other related indicators

This indicator was a sub-component of the Discriminatory Family Code Index in the Gender Institutions and Development Database in the 2009 edition.

Measurement unit
Index (0; 1)

Global ranking by country for the SIGI - Social Institutions and Gender Index.

Measurement unit
Index (0; 1)

This indicator is taken from the OECD the Gender, Institutions and Development Database (GID-DB). It is and index ranging from 0 to 1.

Measurement unit
Index (0; 1)

Women's property rights are recorded (i) urban (ii) rural measured on a scale from A - which stands for good practices - to D - reflecting weak practices.

Measurement unit
Index (A; D)

Women's property rights to land are equal to men's (i) in law and (ii) in practice measured on a scale from A - which stands for good practices - to D - reflecting weak practices.

Measurement unit
Index (A; D)