Land and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

Goal 15: Life on land
Target 15.1: By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements

SDG indicator 15.1.1 measures the relative extent of forest area in a given country. According to the metadata document, the availability of accurate data on a country's forest area is crucial for forest policy and planning within the context of sustainable development. Changes in forest area reflect the demand for land for non-forest uses and may help identify unsustainable practices in the forestry and agricultural sector. Forest area as percentage of total land area may be used as a rough proxy for analyzing the extent to which forests are being conserved or restored, but it is only partially an indicator of whether forests are being sustainably managed.

Selected indicators on the Land Portal

Share (%) of Forest Land with respect to the Total Land Area.

Loading map visualization
Other related indicators

It measures the area (1'000 Ha) covered by forest.

Forest land administered by governments: This category includes all forest land that is legally claimed as exclusively belonging to the state.

Forest land designated by governments for Indigenous Peoples and local communities: Ownership of forest land under this category remains claimed by the state but some rights have been recognized by

Forest land owned by Indigenous Peoples and local communities: Forests are considered to be “owned” where communities have full legal rights to secure their claims to forests, defined in RRI’s rese

Forest land owned by individuals and firms: In these areas, individuals and firms have full legal rights of ownership of forest land. Concessionaires are not included in this category.

This indicator measures forest rents as a share of the gross domestic product (GDP) of a given country.

Indigenous rights to land & forest are (i) recognized and (ii) protected in practice measured on a scale from A - which stands for good practices - to D - reflecting weak practices.

Share (%) of Forest Land with respect to the Total Land Area.

Indicator Min-Max
Number of years

Obs missing
Min / Max

Indicator details

Tier 1

The Indicator is conceptually clear, has an internationally established and available methodology and standards, and that data is regularly produced by countries for at least 50 per cent of countries and of the population in every region where the indicator is relevant.