Zambia

ZMB

Zambia

Zambia is a largely rural country with low incomes, with, 34% of the total land is used for agriculture and 57% as forests.  Approximately 60% of the population in Zambia is rural, and poverty is mostly widespread in rural areas. Agricultural productivity is low, due in part to the weather and lack of infrastructure, as well as internal migration from rural to urban areas that are overpopulated access to basic services cannot be guaranteed.

While the constitution of Zambia recognizes and protects property rights, the state is entitled to expropriate land only in order to implement development plans. The Land Act of 1995 recognized two tenure system - customary tenure and leasehold rights to state land, and also restricts the authority of the state to sell land to foreigners. In 2009, the draft constitution established principles governing land tenure, equitable access to land and resources, land rights for women, land tenure security, sustainable management of resources, environmental protection and efficient mechanisms for dispute resolution.

Frequent reasons for land disputes include encroachment and boundaries, eviction by the government, land conversions and the increasing number of commercial farms.  Generally, local authorities have the power to settle land disputes in accordance with the existing hierarchical structure. 

Source of the narrative

Disclaimer: The data displayed on the Land Portal is provided by third parties indicated as the data source or as the data provider. The Land Portal team is constantly working to ensure the highest possible standard of data quality and accuracy, yet the data is by its nature approximate and will contain some inaccuracies. The data may contain errors introduced by the data provider(s) and/or by the Land Portal team. In addition, this page allows you to compare data from different sources, but not all indicators are necessarily statistically comparable. The Land Portal Foundation (A) expressly disclaims the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any data and (B) shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or other defects in, delays or interruptions in such data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Neither the Land Portal Foundation nor any of its data providers will be liable for any damages relating to your use of the data provided herein.

Indicators

Indicators Year Value Unit Dataset Source Remove

Loading data ...

Compare countries

Mapping

Loading data ...

Infographics

Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

Please, select year and panels to show the info.

    Legend
    • Very Good Practice
    • Good Practice
    • Weak Practice
    • Very Weak Practice
    • Missing Value

    Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

    Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
    • Fully adopt
    • Partially adopt
    • Not adopted
    • Missing Value

    Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

    The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen, with support from Daniel Babare and Myat Noe (LLB Students, University of Groningen). The indicators assess national laws in 50 countries across Asia, Africa, and Latin America against international standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement as established by Section 16 of the VGGTs.

    Each indicator relates to a principle established in section 16 of the VGGTs. Hold the mouse against the small "i" button above for a more detailed explanation of the indicator.

    Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.

    Media

    Latest News

    7 August 2017
    Global
    Zambia
    Sierra Leone
    Scotland

    Application Closing Date - 13 Aug 2017

    Job Start Date - 01 Sep, 2017

    Duration - 1st September 2017 to 17th December 2017

    Location - remote, attend workshop in Berlin

    BACKGROUND

    26 May 2017
    Africa
    Kenya
    Zambia
    Ghana

    Colonialism brought large-scale farming to Africa, promising modernisation and jobs – but often dispossessing people and exploiting workers. Now, after several decades of independence, and with investor interest growing, African governments are once again promoting large plantations and estates. But the new corporate interest in African agriculture has been criticised as a “land grab”.

    12 May 2017
    Zambia

     

    Sixty percent of Zambians are small-scale farmers, who make up many of the nation's poorest people but produce 85 percent of its food

    LONDON, May 12 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Zambia's smallholder farmers could be made squatters on their own land as the country opens up to farming multinationals in an effort to boost its economy, said a United Nations expert.

    Zambia

    By: Linda Nyondo
    Date: September 21st 2016
    Source: Zambia Daily Mail

    A GROUP of African women including Zambians are next month expected to climb Mount Kilimanjaro to advocate for women’s land rights.

    Action Aid communications officer Hellen Mwale confirmed the development in a statement in Lusaka recently.

    Latest Blog

    The Sugar Rush in South Africa - land grabs, land rights, human rights, agriculture
    Southern Africa
    Malawi
    Mozambique
    Sub-Saharan Africa
    Swaziland
    Tanzania
    Zambia
    Zimbabwe

    By Ian Scoones, Professorial Fellow at the Institute of Development Studies, and the Director of the ESRC STEPS Centre at Sussex

    The expansion of sugar production in southern Africa has been dramatic. From its early beginnings in Natal to the huge commercial estates across the region established during the colonial era, new investments are being planned. The land rush in southern Africa is often a sugar rush, with the ‘white gold’ promising riches to governments, local elites and large corporates alike.

    Partners

    Library

    Displaying 1 - 6 of 754
    Assessment of land governance
    Journal Articles & Books
    August 2017

    The purpose of the research is to assess the land governance system in preventing state land conflicts in Zambia. In order to obtain insights about the actual realities on the ground, based on a case study strategy (i.e. Lusaka District has a study area), the research examined the present status of state land governance system, and investigated the efficiency of the present state land governance system in preventing state land conflicts.

    7NDP
    Legislation & Policies
    June 2017

    Zambia remains committed to the socio-economic development planning of the country as reflected by the return to development planning in 2005. The Seventh National Development Plan (7NDP) for the period 2017- 2021 is the successor to the Revised Sixth National Development Plan, 2013-2016 (R-SNDP) following its expiry in December 2016. The Plan, like the three national development plans (NDPs) that preceded it, is aimed at attaining the long-term objectives as outlined in the Vision 2030 of becoming a “prosperous middle-income country by 2030”.

    land grabbing
    Training Resources & Tools
    May 2017

    Media reports over the years have increasingly used the term “land grabbing:”

    - Post Newspaper, 29th August 2000 - MMD cadres grabbing land in Kabangwe and Chazanga area of Chieftainess Mungule.
    -Post Newspaper, April 15, 2010 - MMD cadres led by the Lusaka Provincial Chairman grabbing land from Ngombe resident

    -Times of Zambia, 29th November 2002 - investors in tobacco farming grabbing land from poor villagers in Chipata, Kasenengwa and Chipangali constituencies in Eastern Province.

    SLE_
    Reports & Research
    March 2017

    Despite extensive research into rural development in sub-Saharan Africa, little is known about structural transformation1 in rural areas on the continent. Zambia was chosen as one of three case study countries2 in order to identify and to analyse rural transformation processes and their main influencing forces aiming at defining strategies and measures to influence such processes towards social inclusiveness and environmental sustainability until 2030.
    Zambia shows a persisting copper-dependent mono-structure with selective transformation processes

    Potential biofuel stocks
    Reports & Research
    March 2017

    The need for energy security and climate change mitigation have increased blending mandates worldwide; in Southern Africa, demand for biofuels could increase following South Africa’s planned blending mandates. However, land constraints limit local industry expansion, with demand likely to be met in land-abundant countries. This paper reviews the status of the biofuels industry in Zambia, as a land-abundant country, for the local and wider Southern African market. It identifies potential biofuel feedstocks as crucial elements for establishing a viable industry.