Chad

TCD

Chad

Chad is the fifth largest African country, with a population of about 11 million people, 73% of them living in rural areas and 27% in urban areas. The country is rich in oil resources and in recent years it experienced an increase of revenues thanks to the oil production. However, Chad remains one of the poorest countries in Africa.

Three laws (Law Nos. 23, 24 and 25 of 1967) predominantly regulate land tenure in Chad following the principles of freehold tenure introduced during the colonial period. More recent regulations include Law No.7 of 2002, which gives more powers and rights to rural communities for the management of natural resources and Decree No. 215 2001, which provides for a National Land Observatory with the aim of resolving land related issues and develop new policies and legislation for improving the national land tenure system. The problem with these institutional regulations is that they are not widely disseminated among, which is one of the reasons why customary and Islamic laws regulates land access and use both in rural and urban areas

Access to scarce natural resources has generated fierce competition and conflict in Chad. Conflicts between ethnic groups are common, and often concern fight for control of wild plantations of gum arabic, which have been traditionally inherited and used for generations, which local sedentary groups have recently discovered. Land disputes between rural users are often settled at the local level by traditional leaders who apply customary law and use traditional conciliatory methods of dispute resolution.

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Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

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    Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

    Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
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    Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

    The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen, with support from Daniel Babare and Myat Noe (LLB Students, University of Groningen). The indicators assess national laws in 50 countries across Asia, Africa, and Latin America against international standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement as established by Section 16 of the VGGTs.

    Each indicator relates to a principle established in section 16 of the VGGTs. Hold the mouse against the small "i" button above for a more detailed explanation of the indicator.

    Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.

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    Chad

    Written by Thierry Berger and Lorenzo Cotula from IIED, this short report summarises comments and recommendations on the draft land Code in Chad (January 2014 version). In addition to an analysis of the draft Code in light of international trends, this note draws on earlier reports concerning the draft Code prepared by Tearfund partner Entente des Eglises et Missions Evangéliques au Tchad (EEMET) (2014) and by Tearfund (2015).

    Chad

     

    This research aims to critically evaluate the current draft of a new land code in Chad. In January 2014, the government of Chad presented Tearfund and four of Tearfund’s partners with a draft of the proposed new land code and requested constructive feedback. Research was undertaken in response to this request and is presented here.

     

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    Los bosques y los árboles respaldan la agricultura sostenible. Estabilizan los suelos y el clima, regulan los flujos de agua, ofrecen sombra y refugio y proporcionan un hábitat a los polinizadores y los depredadores naturales de plagas agrícolas. Asimismo, contribuyen a la seguridad alimentaria de cientos de millones de personas, para quienes constituyen fuentes importantes de alimentos, energía e ingresos. Sin embargo, la agricultura sigue siendo el principal factor de la deforestación a nivel mundial y, a menudo, las políticas agrícolas, forestales y de tierras no casan.

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    The Technical Guide on Pastoralism builds on a number of initiatives and studies from recent years that have shone a light on pastoral governance and land tenure: on the inherent challenges pastoralists face, the shortcomings of governments in securing pastoral tenure, and the emerging examples of success and progress from around the world. This Technical Guide provides solutions to securing pastoral governance and tenure without undermining the inherent, necessary complexity of customary arrangements.

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    Meeting Name: Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (CGRFA)
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