Madagascar

MDG

Madagascar

Madagascar is a country with an abundance of natural resources that have attracted an increasing number of investments and tourists. The economy of the country is largely dependent on agriculture, which also provides the livelihood for more than 60% of the population. However, the economic growth of the country slowed down after de coup d’etat of 2009, which was in part the consequence of the government’s decision to grant or lease agricultural land to a South Korea company.

Madagascar has both a formal land tenure system and a community-based customary land tenure system. The Land Law of 2005 classifies land as state or private, establishes land tenure types and provides procedures for land registration. The Law No. 2006-031 sets the juridical regime for untitled private property and it established the procedures for individuals and groups to obtain certificates in order to recognize their rights from the local land administration offices.

Land disputes generally involve individuals and families over land ownership and individuals and the state over the control of land and natural resources, which are often the consequence of the co-existence of a formal and customary land tenure system. Conflicts are generally resolved within the communities thanks to clearly defined land tenure rules and process. However, it is possible that the two systems overlap regarding issues related to the acquisition and ownership of land. 

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Infographics

Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

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    • Very Good Practice
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    Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

    Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
    • Fully adopt
    • Partially adopt
    • Not adopted
    • Missing Value

    Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

    The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen, with support from Daniel Babare and Myat Noe (LLB Students, University of Groningen). The indicators assess national laws in 50 countries across Asia, Africa, and Latin America against international standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement as established by Section 16 of the VGGTs.

    Each indicator relates to a principle established in section 16 of the VGGTs. Hold the mouse against the small "i" button above for a more detailed explanation of the indicator.

    Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.

    Media

    Latest News

    madagascar agriculture
    21 August 2017
    Madagascar

    (Ecofin Agency) - Launched in 2005 with a financial support from the World Bank, Madagascar’s land reform has yielded satisfying results, the Bretton Woods institution said on its website.

    Many other countries could follow Madagascar’s example. Actually, various African nations are already showing interest in the Malagasy land reform as it tackles key challenges and provide technical and legal solutions which are reliable and accessible,” explains André Teyssier, land specialist at the World Bank.

    madagascar rice fields
    2 August 2017
    Madagascar

      In spite of appearances, the piece of paper that Rakotoarimanana, 79 years of age, proudly clutches in his hand is very valuable. He has been waiting five years for this moment. He left home this morning at 6 a.m. to walk seven kilometers to the rural commune of Andriambilany to collect his land certificate. In front of the town hall in Andriambilany, located in the district of Ambatolampy in the Vakinankaratra region, a long line had already formed.  Many were hoping to receive their land certificates that Thursday morning. Rakotoarimanana is the first to be called and he steps up to the commune’s land tenure office window. He confirms his name in the register, enters his signature, and displays the land certificate that he has just been given for one of his five parcels of land. A victory to be savored.

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      Library

      Displaying 1 - 6 of 298
      agriculture.jpg
      Journal Articles & Books
      March 2017

      Date: juin 2017

      Source: Foncier & Développement 

      Ce dossier sur le renouvellement des formes et des enjeux de l’accès à la terre agricole au Sud rassemble des contributions présentées lors du colloque SFER « Le foncier agricole : usages, tensions et régulations », qui s’est tenu à Lyon les 11 et 12 juin 2014.

      Reports & Research
      March 2017

      Global demand for timber, agricultural commodities, and extractives is a significant driver of deforestation worldwide. Transparent land-concessions data for these large-scale commercial activities are essential to understand drivers of forest loss, monitor environmental impacts of ongoing activities, and ensure efficient and sustainable allocation of land.

      Journal Articles & Books
      December 2016

      The article discusses the relationship between conceptions of forest values among local people in Madagascar and human capabilities. According to Amartya Sen's capability approach, capabilities include both the means of maintaining a livelihood and intangible elements that are necessary to achieve overall well-being. In a qualitative case study in Madagascar's Mananara-Nord and Sahamalaza Biosphere Reserves, we investigated local peoples’ conceptions of forest values.

      Journal Articles & Books
      December 2016

      In order to investigate spatial and temporal characteristics of the purely grazing-based livestock husbandry system in southwestern Madagascar, individual animals from 12 cattle and 12 goat herds that were equally distributed across four villages were fitted with GPS tracking collars and their behaviour during pasturing was directly observed to identify seasonal variations in land use and movement patterns along the regional altitude and vegetation gradient.

      Journal Articles & Books
      December 2016

      Protected areas are usually conceived and managed as static entities, although this approach is increasingly viewed as unrealistic given climate change and ecosystem dynamics. The ways in which people use land and/or natural resources within and around protected areas can also shift and evolve temporally but this remains an under-acknowledged challenge for protected area managers. Here we investigate the factors driving a rapid rise in charcoal production within a new, multiple-use protected area in Madagascar, to inform appropriate management responses.

      Reports & Research
      December 2016

      African agrifood systems are being transformed by multinational capital. To date, research on this transformation has focused most intently on the rise of supermarkets and demand for African land. Multinational investment in African grain trading has received less attention. Using a range of qualitative methods and representative household survey data from Zambia, this article seeks to understand the causes and consequences of multinational investment in smallholder grain markets.