Libya was governed for 42 years by Colonel Muammar Gaddafi until the revolution of 2011.Since the end of the Gaddafi regime, Libya has experienced an unstable political situation, and the new government has not yet clarified if property rights will be reformed.  The country has a population of 6.2 million, of which approximately 23% is rural.

The Constitutional Declaration of 2011 provides property rights as inviolable and recognizes the right of property owners to dispose of their property without interference. Law No. 142 of 1970 on tribal lands established that all unregistered or unused land belong s to the state; the law placed limits on the influence of customary tribal leaders who had previously exercised control over communal land. In addition, customary law and practices have been restricted by Law No. 142, which further limits the power of traditional leaders.

Conflicts over land in Libya have primarily related to property expropriation by the Libyan government prior to the 2011 revolution. After the fall of Gaddafi’s regime, many Libyans attempted to recover their land, which in many cases has been occupied for decades, with mortgages having been paid to the government during that time. An official mechanism for the resolution of these kinds of disputes has not been established. Although some communities have succeeded in negotiating the return of their land, many others remain without land. 

Disclaimer: The data displayed on the Land Portal is provided by third parties indicated as the data source or as the data provider. The Land Portal team is constantly working to ensure the highest possible standard of data quality and accuracy, yet the data is by its nature approximate and will contain some inaccuracies. The data may contain errors introduced by the data provider(s) and/or by the Land Portal team. In addition, this page allows you to compare data from different sources, but not all indicators are necessarily statistically comparable. The Land Portal Foundation (A) expressly disclaims the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any data and (B) shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or other defects in, delays or interruptions in such data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Neither the Land Portal Foundation nor any of its data providers will be liable for any damages relating to your use of the data provided herein.


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Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

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    • Very Good Practice
    • Good Practice
    • Weak Practice
    • Very Weak Practice
    • Missing Value

    Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

    Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
    • Fully adopt
    • Partially adopt
    • Not adopted
    • Missing Value

    Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

    The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen, with support from Daniel Babare and Myat Noe (LLB Students, University of Groningen). The indicators assess national laws in 50 countries across Asia, Africa, and Latin America against international standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement as established by Section 16 of the VGGTs.

    Each indicator relates to a principle established in section 16 of the VGGTs. Hold the mouse against the small "i" button above for a more detailed explanation of the indicator.

    Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.



    Displaying 1 - 6 of 58
    Reports & Research
    December 2016

    Cette publication s'inscrit dans le cadre du projet « Optimiser la production de biens et services par les écosystèmes boisés méditerranéens dans un contexte de changements globaux » (2012-2016), financé par le Fonds Français pour l’Environnement Mondial et cofinancé par l’agence Allemande de coopération Internationale (GIZ), le Ministère de l’Agriculture, de l’Agroalimentaire et de la Forêt (MAAF) et l’Union Européenne dans cinq pays d'Afrique du Nord (Algérie, Maroc, Tunisie) et du Proche-Orient (Liban, Turquie).

    Reports & Research
    November 2016

    This paper begins by exploring what the term family farming means and how appropriate it is in the NENA region. It will explore more generally the role of farming and agriculture in the broader political economy of the region. The paper establishes the distinctive features of the region, what might be generalised and what might not be so common between countries with contrasting patterns of development.