Ivory Coast


Ivory Coast

Since its independence in 1960, Cote D’Ivoire experienced a long period of stability and economic growth thanks to the investments in the agricultural sector. However, in 1980 rapid population growth and internal migration from urban to rural areas increased the pressure on the management and distribution of natural resources, which gave rise to a series of conflicts over land. The 1999 Coup d’Etat exacerbated the situation, as conflicts and political instability spread, particularly in relation to the control of land.

The 2000 Constitution guarantees the right of property to all. In particular, since the colonial period, vacant land in Cote d’Ivoire is considered state property, while occupied land has been governed by the customary land tenure system. A decree of March 1967 confirms the customary laws regulating land, stating that land belongs to the person who makes it profitable. The Rural Land Plan of 1989 financed by the World Bank was the first attempt for the establishment of a secure system of land tenure through a survey identifying land rights and land use, the establishment of plots’ limits and the introduction of new methods for land registration. In 1998, the Rural Land Law was passed with the aim of transforming customary land rights into private property rights regulated by the state. The law did not reach its scope, as the vast majority of rural land in the country is still governed by customary practices.

Conflicts and violence in Cote d’Ivoire have been strongly related to land. When the economy started to slow down, people began migrating from urban to rural areas where migrants from different countries and cultures had moved to cultivate the land. This gave rise to land disputes, which are generally mediated by the heads of the villages, who are widely respected among people and they have proved to be more effective than the formal mechanisms of land disputes resolution envisaged by the rural Land Law. 

Source of the narrative

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Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

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    • Very Good Practice
    • Good Practice
    • Weak Practice
    • Very Weak Practice
    • Missing Value

    Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

    Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
    • Fully adopt
    • Partially adopt
    • Not adopted
    • Missing Value

    Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

    The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen, with support from Daniel Babare and Myat Noe (LLB Students, University of Groningen). The indicators assess national laws in 50 countries across Asia, Africa, and Latin America against international standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement as established by Section 16 of the VGGTs.

    Each indicator relates to a principle established in section 16 of the VGGTs. Hold the mouse against the small "i" button above for a more detailed explanation of the indicator.

    Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.


    Latest News

    Ivory Coast

    By: Joe Bavier

    Date: 19 September 2016

    Source: Thomson Reuters Foundation 

    Rights groups have accused Ivory Coast authorities of failing to provide a minimum level of support when they evicted tens of thousands of illegal cocoa farmers from a national park, leaving them vulnerable and putting pressure on local communities.

    The government rejected the criticism on Friday.

    Ivory Coast
    United States of America

    By: Chris Arsenault
    Date: September 1st 2016
    Source: Thomson Reuters Foundation

    RIO DE JANEIRO (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Countries will be unable to meet their climate change pledges unless they secure land rights for people living in the world's tropical forests, indigenous leaders told an international conference of regional governors meeting in Mexico.



    Displaying 1 - 6 of 62
    Journal Articles & Books
    August 2017

    Date: août 2017

    Source: Foncier & Développement

    Par: Jean Philippe Colin

    Depuis quelques années, la question foncière dans les pays du Sud et en transition est abordée avec pour thème privilégié les « grandes acquisitions » de terres agricoles par des opérateurs  internationaux. La place des élites nationales dans la reconfiguration des structures agraires reste souvent ignorée.

    Journal Articles & Books
    March 2017

    Date: juin 2017

    Source: Foncier & Développement 

    Ce dossier sur le renouvellement des formes et des enjeux de l’accès à la terre agricole au Sud rassemble des contributions présentées lors du colloque SFER « Le foncier agricole : usages, tensions et régulations », qui s’est tenu à Lyon les 11 et 12 juin 2014.

    Journal Articles & Books
    December 2016

    Forests are essential to life on our planet, to mitigating and adapting to climate change, ensuring adequate supply of fresh water, enhancing biodiversity and providing sustainable incomes and livelihoods, including food security. But they face unprecedented and unrelenting pressures. This issue includes a broad selection of the best papers submitted to the XIV World Forestry Congress (Durban, September 2015), as well as an overview of the Congress’s ambitious agenda and outcomes.

    Journal Articles & Books
    March 2016

    TTI disseminates current information on all aspects of tsetse and trypansomosis research and control to institutions and invididuals involved in the problems of African trypanosomosis. This services forms an integral part of the Programme Against African Trypanosomosis (PAAT).

    Reports & Research
    December 2015

    FAO has a long history of partnership with the countries of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), providing policy advice, analysis and technical assistance in agriculture, livestock, fisheries, forestry, natural resources management and food security in its commitment to support resilient livelihoods and enhance food security. FAO collaborates with these countries at a global level, as well as at a regional level through a number of regional initiatives, and at a country level via the country programming framework agreed upon with national authorities.