Burundi

BDI

Burundi

Burundi‘s history of political conflict over the last 50 years has revolved in large measure around issues of access to land for agriculture. 91% of the total land is classified as agricultural land and the majority of Burundi’s population (90%) lives in rural areas.

According to the Post-Transition Interim Constitution, every Burundian has the right to property, but more specific laws related to land do not support this constitutional right. In addition, while under the customary system land is held by individual heads of households, the 1986 Land Code requires that land held customarily needs to be registered in order to be officially recognized. The Land Code has been strongly criticized and its revision is still in process.

Land in Burundi represents one of the underlying reasons for conflicts, particularly when land is related to specific ethnic groups and to the displacement and return of people during the civil war. Other common causes of disputes are: competing claims of inheritance (including by orphans); expropriation of land; polygamous marriages; and fraudulent land transactions.

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Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

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    • Very Good Practice
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    Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

    Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
    • Fully adopt
    • Partially adopt
    • Not adopted
    • Missing Value

    Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

    The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen, with support from Daniel Babare and Myat Noe (LLB Students, University of Groningen). The indicators assess national laws in 50 countries across Asia, Africa, and Latin America against international standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement as established by Section 16 of the VGGTs.

    Each indicator relates to a principle established in section 16 of the VGGTs. Hold the mouse against the small "i" button above for a more detailed explanation of the indicator.

    Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.

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    Meeting Name: African Forestry and Wildlife Commission
    Meeting symbol/code: FO:AFWC/2016/4.2
    Session: Sess. 20

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    Meeting Name: African Forestry and Wildlife Commission
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    Meeting Name: Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (CGRFA)
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    See the <a href="http://www.fao.org/3/a-bl813e.pdf"><i>Voluntary Guidelines for Sustainable Soil Management </i></a> adopted by the fourth Global Soil Partnership Plenary Assembly.

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    Cette édition de la <i>Revue Nature & Faune</i> est un numéro spécial pour marquer 2015 comme l’ Année internationale des sols. Elle comporte trente articles concis qui abordent le thème central suivant: «La gestion durable des sols: clé pour la sécurité alimentaire et la nutrition en Afrique ».

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    Tanzania
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    Meeting Name: African Forestry and Wildlife Commission
    Meeting symbol/code: FO:AFWC/2016/4.2
    Session: Sess. 20