Angola

Land tenure in Angola has been strongly affected by 27 years of civil war that disrupted customary rights and land allocation while forcing rural communities from their land. As a consequence, agricultural production strongly declined, the country became dependent on imports and humanitarian aid to feed its population and more than half of the population (57%) moved from rural to urban areas, concentrated in informal settlements without adequate services.

According to the 1992 Constitution, the government has sovereignty over all territory, water, air space, soil and subsoil; all natural resources, including land, are property of the state. Only the state has the authority to grant use-rights. The land Law of 2004 (Lei da Terra de Angola) re-states the government's ultimate authority over land and natural resources, and it includes a provision that people occupying unregistered property must register their land within three years of the enactment of the supporting regulations, which in reality have not been fully implemented. Moreover, land administration institutions have not been developed in most provinces.

In general, the population is unaware of formal land laws and customary law continues to regulate land use and access. Land is usually held by a community and administered by a traditional leader or a village elder. However, land disputes and conflicts are common in areas where there is a mix of land rights, the population is in flux or the area is near an urban or peri-urban center because of government land expropriation and attendant evictions, boundary disputes, non-local assertions of rights to land, access by marginalized groups such as widows and divorced women, ambiguity in nature of land rights held, land speculation and land grabbing. 

 

Source

Indicators

Land area is the total area (1'000 Ha) of the country excluding area under inland water bodies.

Measurement unit
1'000 Ha

Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country

Measurement unit
Number

Rural population refers to the share (%) of people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the ratio between Urban Population and Total Population.

Measurement unit
Percentage

Total spending for agricultural reserch measured measured as a share of the value added from agriculture, forestry and fishing activities

Measurement unit
Percentage

Distribution of agricultural holders by sex (female - Share %) according to the FAO Land and Gender Database.

Measurement unit
Percentage

GDP per capita based on purchasing power parity (PPP). PPP GDP is gross domestic product converted to international dollars using purchasing power parity rates.

Measurement unit
PPP$ 2011

Total funding for programmes still ongoing in January 2016 (US $).

Measurement unit
US$ (Current)

Total number of programmes still ongoing in January 2016

Measurement unit
Number

Mapping

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Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country

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Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country

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Land area is the total area (1'000 Ha) of the country excluding area under inland water bodies.

Arable land (1'000 Ha) is the land under temporary agricultural crops (multiple-cropped areas are counted only once), temporary meadows for mowing or pasture, land under market and kitchen gardens

Measurement unit
1'000 Ha

It measures the area (1'000 Ha) covered by forest.

Measurement unit
1'000 Ha

Permanent crops (1'000 Ha) - land cultivated with long-term crops which do not have to be replanted for several years (such as cocoa and coffee); land under trees and shrubs producing flowers, such

Measurement unit
1000 Ha

Permanent meadows and pastures - land used permanently (five years or more) to grow herbaceous forage crops, either cultivated or growing wild (wild prairie or grazing land).

Measurement unit
1000 Ha

Infographics

Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure


Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
  • Fully adopt
  • Partially adopt
  • Not adopted
  • Missing Value

Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen, with support from Daniel Babare and Myat Noe (LLB Students, University of Groningen). The indicators assess national laws in 50 countries across Asia, Africa, and Latin America against international standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement as established by Section 16 of the VGGTs.

Each indicator relates to a principle established in section 16 of the VGGTs. Hold the mouse against the small "i" button above for a more detailed explanation of the indicator.

Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.

Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

Please, select year and panels to show the info.

    Legend
    • Very Good Practice
    • Good Practice
    • Weak Practice
    • Very Weak Practice
    • Missing Value

    Disclaimer: The data displayed on the Land Portal is provided by third parties indicated as the data source or as the data provider. The Land Portal team is constantly working to ensure the highest possible standard of data quality and accuracy, yet the data is by its nature approximate and will contain some inaccuracies. The data may contain errors introduced by the data provider(s) and/or by the Land Portal team. In addition, this page allows you to compare data from different sources, but not all indicators are necessarily statistically comparable. The Land Portal Foundation (A) expressly disclaims the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any data and (B) shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or other defects in, delays or interruptions in such data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Neither the Land Portal Foundation nor any of its data providers will be liable for any damages relating to your use of the data provided herein.

    Media

    Latest News

    16 February 2017
    Angola

    A embaixada dos EUA em Angola está a desafiar os estudantes angolanos, com diploma de licenciatura, a inscreverem-se no Programa de Bolsas de Estudo Fulbright, que anualmente oferece a mais de 1.800 cidadãos estrangeiros a possibilidade de estudarem nos EUA a custo zero.

    De acordo com a mensagem, as vagas existentes referem-se ao ano lectivo 2018/19 e o prazo limite para submissão de candidaturas termina a 14 de Abril de 2017.

    PHOTO: JOSÉ KRITHINAS
    Angola

    Source: ANGOP
    Photo: JOSÉ KRITHINAS
    Mon, 11 Apr 2016 13:10 - Updated Mon, 11 Apr 2016 13:30

    Huila: Matala administration makes available 20,000 hectares for agriculture

    Matala - Over 20,000 hectares of land have been made available for national and foreign entrepreneurs interested in investing in the agricultural sector in Matala Municipality, southern Huila Province, informed on Monday the Matala administrator, Miguel Vicente.

    Angola

    By: Maka Angola
    Date: January 29th 2016
    Source: AllAfrica.com

    ANALYSIS

    Angolan investigative journalist and human rights defender Rafael Marques de Morais has submitted a complaint to the Office of the Attorney General about the behaviour of notorious Kwanza-Sul Governor, General Eusébio de Brito Teixeira, for illegal land-grabbing.

    Angola grants 7,000 hectares of land to Cabo Verde
    Angola
    Cape Verde

    The government of Angola granted a plot of 7,000 hectares in Kwanza Sul province to Cabo Verde (Cape Verde) for agricultural development, said Thursday the Cape Verdean ambassador to Angola, Francisco Veiga.
     
    The ambassador, at the end of a courtesy visit to the governor of Kwanza Sul, Eusébio de Brito Teixeira, said the government would now consider what to produce on the land but said that maize production from improved seeds was one of the priority crops.
     

    Organizations

    Library

    Displaying 37 - 42 of 144
    Journal Articles & Books
    December 2013
    Angola

    Last year Angola earned 48 billion US dollars from petroleum. Yet the country that was once Africa’s largest agricultural producer is reduced to importing food. Now the government and private investors want to develop the agricultural sector, in the hope that Angola could become a new Brazil. But will there still be room for small-scale farmers?

    May 2013
    Angola

    Despite remarkable economic growth in
    the past decade, undernutrition remains a serious public
    health problem in Angola. High rates of child stunting and
    micronutrient deficiencies are contributing to an under-five
    mortality rate of 161 deaths per 1,000 live births, limiting
    the growth and development of children, hindering
    productivity, and preventing the country from reaching
    millennium development goals one and four. In response to

    Peer-reviewed publication
    March 2013
    Angola
    Botswana
    Namibia

    Water is both a key and limited resource in the Okavango Catchment of Southern Africa. It is vital for the ecosystem and the three riparian states Angola, Botswana and Namibia who use the water of the catchment for multiple purposes including pastoralism, farming and tourism. Socioeconomic changes, primarily strong population growth and increasing development demands pose significant challenges for the Okavango Catchment and its Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM). In this paper, we first review the socioeconomic background and the current and projected water situation.

    Journal Articles & Books
    December 2012
    Angola

    Angola's four decades of civil war continue to have a profound effect on the country's recovery and development. While the end to the war in 2002 and the subsequent extraction of natural resources has fueled the country's economic recovery for a minority, for the majority recovery depends less on natural resource extraction than it does on acquiring and maintaining secure access to land and property upon which viable livelihoods can be rebuilt.

    Journal Articles & Books
    December 2012
    Angola
    Algeria
    Egypt
    Bangladesh
    Niger
    Liechtenstein
    Somalia
    Namibia
    Bulgaria
    Bolivia
    Ghana
    Pakistan
    Cape Verde
    Jordan
    Liberia
    Libya
    Vietnam
    Democratic People's Republic of Korea
    Tanzania
    Portugal
    Cambodia
    Ethiopia
    Paraguay
    Saudi Arabia
    Lebanon
    Slovenia
    Burkina Faso
    Slovakia
    Mauritania
    Croatia
    Chile
    China
    Saint Kitts and Nevis
    Jamaica
    Djibouti
    Guinea
    Finland
    Uruguay
    Thailand
    Seychelles
    Nepal
    Laos
    Yemen
    Philippines
    South Africa
    Kiribati
    Uganda
    Syrian Arab Republic
    Nicaragua
    Kazakhstan
    Niue
    Dominica
    Benin
    Nigeria
    Belgium
    Togo
    Zimbabwe
    Sri Lanka
    United Kingdom
    Malawi
    Costa Rica
    Cameroon
    Morocco
    Lesotho
    Tokelau
    Turkmenistan
    Trinidad and Tobago
    Netherlands
    Iraq
    Chad
    Georgia
    Montenegro
    Mongolia
    Marshall Islands
    Belize
    Afghanistan
    Burundi
    Belarus
    Grenada
    Greece
    Andorra
    Rwanda
    Tajikistan
    Haiti
    Mexico
    Saint Lucia
    India
    Latvia
    Bhutan
    Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
    Malaysia
    Norway
    Czech Republic
    Antigua and Barbuda
    Fiji
    Honduras
    Mauritius
    Dominican Republic
    Luxembourg
    Israel
    San Marino
    Peru
    Indonesia
    Vanuatu
    Macedonia
    Suriname
    Congo
    Iceland
    Cook Islands
    Comoros
    Colombia
    Botswana
    Nauru
    Moldova
    Sao Tome and Principe
    Madagascar
    Ecuador
    Senegal
    Maldives
    Serbia
    France
    Lithuania
    Mozambique
    Zambia
    Samoa
    Holy See
    Guatemala
    Denmark
    Germany
    Australia
    Austria
    Venezuela
    Iran
    Palau
    Kenya
    Turkey
    Albania
    Oman
    Tuvalu
    Myanmar
    Brunei Darussalam
    Tunisia
    Russia
    Barbados
    Brazil
    Canada
    Equatorial Guinea
    United States of America
    Qatar
    Sweden
    Ukraine
    Guinea-Bissau
    Swaziland
    Tonga
    Ivory Coast
    Republic of Korea
    Guyana
    Switzerland
    Cyprus
    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Singapore
    Azerbaijan
    Uzbekistan
    Central African Republic
    Poland
    Kuwait
    Gambia
    Eritrea
    Gabon
    Estonia
    Spain
    Faroe Islands
    El Salvador
    Mali
    Ireland
    Malta
    South Sudan
    Sierra Leone
    Panama
    Bahamas
    Solomon Islands
    New Zealand
    Monaco
    Italy
    Democratic Republic of the Congo
    Japan
    Kyrgyzstan
    Armenia
    Micronesia
    United Arab Emirates
    Argentina
    Sudan
    Bahrain
    Hungary
    Papua New Guinea
    Cuba
    Americas
    Northern America
    Europe
    Asia
    Africa
    Global
    Oceania
    Journal Articles & Books
    December 2012
    Angola
    Algeria
    Egypt
    Bangladesh
    Niger
    Liechtenstein
    Somalia
    Namibia
    Bulgaria
    Bolivia
    Ghana
    Pakistan
    Cape Verde
    Jordan
    Liberia
    Libya
    Vietnam
    Democratic People's Republic of Korea
    Tanzania
    Portugal
    Cambodia
    Ethiopia
    Paraguay
    Saudi Arabia
    Lebanon
    Slovenia
    Burkina Faso
    Slovakia
    Mauritania
    Croatia
    Chile
    China
    Saint Kitts and Nevis
    Jamaica
    Djibouti
    Guinea
    Finland
    Uruguay
    Thailand
    Seychelles
    Nepal
    Laos
    Yemen
    Philippines
    South Africa
    Kiribati
    Uganda
    Syrian Arab Republic
    Nicaragua
    Kazakhstan
    Niue
    Dominica
    Benin
    Nigeria
    Belgium
    Togo
    Zimbabwe
    Sri Lanka
    United Kingdom
    Malawi
    Costa Rica
    Cameroon
    Morocco
    Lesotho
    Tokelau
    Turkmenistan
    Trinidad and Tobago
    Netherlands
    Iraq
    Chad
    Georgia
    Montenegro
    Mongolia
    Marshall Islands
    Belize
    Afghanistan
    Burundi
    Belarus
    Grenada
    Greece
    Andorra
    Rwanda
    Tajikistan
    Haiti
    Mexico
    Saint Lucia
    India
    Latvia
    Bhutan
    Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
    Malaysia
    Norway
    Czech Republic
    Antigua and Barbuda
    Fiji
    Honduras
    Mauritius
    Dominican Republic
    Luxembourg
    Israel
    San Marino
    Peru
    Indonesia
    Vanuatu
    Macedonia
    Suriname
    Congo
    Iceland
    Cook Islands
    Comoros
    Colombia
    Botswana
    Nauru
    Moldova
    Sao Tome and Principe
    Madagascar
    Ecuador
    Senegal
    Maldives
    Serbia
    France
    Lithuania
    Mozambique
    Zambia
    Samoa
    Holy See
    Guatemala
    Denmark
    Germany
    Australia
    Austria
    Venezuela
    Iran
    Palau
    Kenya
    Turkey
    Albania
    Oman
    Tuvalu
    Myanmar
    Brunei Darussalam
    Tunisia
    Russia
    Barbados
    Brazil
    Canada
    Equatorial Guinea
    United States of America
    Qatar
    Sweden
    Ukraine
    Guinea-Bissau
    Swaziland
    Tonga
    Ivory Coast
    Republic of Korea
    Guyana
    Switzerland
    Cyprus
    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Singapore
    Azerbaijan
    Uzbekistan
    Central African Republic
    Poland
    Kuwait
    Gambia
    Eritrea
    Gabon
    Estonia
    Spain
    Faroe Islands
    El Salvador
    Mali
    Ireland
    Malta
    South Sudan
    Sierra Leone
    Panama
    Bahamas
    Solomon Islands
    New Zealand
    Monaco
    Italy
    Democratic Republic of the Congo
    Japan
    Kyrgyzstan
    Armenia
    Micronesia
    United Arab Emirates
    Argentina
    Sudan
    Bahrain
    Hungary
    Papua New Guinea
    Cuba
    Americas
    Northern America
    Europe
    Asia
    Africa
    Global
    Oceania

    Las Directrices son el primer instrumento exhaustivo de alcance mundial sobre la tenencia y su administración preparado mediante negociaciones intergubernamentales. En las Directrices se estipulan principios y normas internacionalmente aceptados que encauzan las prácticas responsables para el uso y control de la tierra, la pesca y los bosques.