Angola

Land tenure in Angola has been strongly affected by 27 years of civil war that disrupted customary rights and land allocation while forcing rural communities from their land. As a consequence, agricultural production strongly declined, the country became dependent on imports and humanitarian aid to feed its population and more than half of the population (57%) moved from rural to urban areas, concentrated in informal settlements without adequate services.

According to the 1992 Constitution, the government has sovereignty over all territory, water, air space, soil and subsoil; all natural resources, including land, are property of the state. Only the state has the authority to grant use-rights. The land Law of 2004 (Lei da Terra de Angola) re-states the government's ultimate authority over land and natural resources, and it includes a provision that people occupying unregistered property must register their land within three years of the enactment of the supporting regulations, which in reality have not been fully implemented. Moreover, land administration institutions have not been developed in most provinces.

In general, the population is unaware of formal land laws and customary law continues to regulate land use and access. Land is usually held by a community and administered by a traditional leader or a village elder. However, land disputes and conflicts are common in areas where there is a mix of land rights, the population is in flux or the area is near an urban or peri-urban center because of government land expropriation and attendant evictions, boundary disputes, non-local assertions of rights to land, access by marginalized groups such as widows and divorced women, ambiguity in nature of land rights held, land speculation and land grabbing. 

 

Source

Indicators

Land area is the total area (1'000 Ha) of the country excluding area under inland water bodies.

Measurement unit
1'000 Ha

Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country

Measurement unit
Number

Rural population refers to the share (%) of people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the ratio between Urban Population and Total Population.

Measurement unit
Percentage

Total spending for agricultural reserch measured measured as a share of the value added from agriculture, forestry and fishing activities

Measurement unit
Percentage

Distribution of agricultural holders by sex (female - Share %) according to the FAO Land and Gender Database.

Measurement unit
Percentage

GDP per capita based on purchasing power parity (PPP). PPP GDP is gross domestic product converted to international dollars using purchasing power parity rates.

Measurement unit
PPP$ 2011

Total funding for programmes still ongoing in January 2016 (US $).

Measurement unit
US$ (Current)

Total number of programmes still ongoing in January 2016

Measurement unit
Number

Mapping

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Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country

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Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country

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Land area is the total area (1'000 Ha) of the country excluding area under inland water bodies.

Arable land (1'000 Ha) is the land under temporary agricultural crops (multiple-cropped areas are counted only once), temporary meadows for mowing or pasture, land under market and kitchen gardens

Measurement unit
1'000 Ha

It measures the area (1'000 Ha) covered by forest.

Measurement unit
1'000 Ha

Permanent crops (1'000 Ha) - land cultivated with long-term crops which do not have to be replanted for several years (such as cocoa and coffee); land under trees and shrubs producing flowers, such

Measurement unit
1000 Ha

Permanent meadows and pastures - land used permanently (five years or more) to grow herbaceous forage crops, either cultivated or growing wild (wild prairie or grazing land).

Measurement unit
1000 Ha

Infographics

Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure


Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
  • Fully adopt
  • Partially adopt
  • Not adopted
  • Missing Value

Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen, with support from Daniel Babare and Myat Noe (LLB Students, University of Groningen). The indicators assess national laws in 50 countries across Asia, Africa, and Latin America against international standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement as established by Section 16 of the VGGTs.

Each indicator relates to a principle established in section 16 of the VGGTs. Hold the mouse against the small "i" button above for a more detailed explanation of the indicator.

Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.

Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

Please, select year and panels to show the info.

    Legend
    • Very Good Practice
    • Good Practice
    • Weak Practice
    • Very Weak Practice
    • Missing Value

    Disclaimer: The data displayed on the Land Portal is provided by third parties indicated as the data source or as the data provider. The Land Portal team is constantly working to ensure the highest possible standard of data quality and accuracy, yet the data is by its nature approximate and will contain some inaccuracies. The data may contain errors introduced by the data provider(s) and/or by the Land Portal team. In addition, this page allows you to compare data from different sources, but not all indicators are necessarily statistically comparable. The Land Portal Foundation (A) expressly disclaims the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any data and (B) shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or other defects in, delays or interruptions in such data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Neither the Land Portal Foundation nor any of its data providers will be liable for any damages relating to your use of the data provided herein.

    Media

    Latest News

    16 February 2017
    Angola

    A embaixada dos EUA em Angola está a desafiar os estudantes angolanos, com diploma de licenciatura, a inscreverem-se no Programa de Bolsas de Estudo Fulbright, que anualmente oferece a mais de 1.800 cidadãos estrangeiros a possibilidade de estudarem nos EUA a custo zero.

    De acordo com a mensagem, as vagas existentes referem-se ao ano lectivo 2018/19 e o prazo limite para submissão de candidaturas termina a 14 de Abril de 2017.

    PHOTO: JOSÉ KRITHINAS
    Angola

    Source: ANGOP
    Photo: JOSÉ KRITHINAS
    Mon, 11 Apr 2016 13:10 - Updated Mon, 11 Apr 2016 13:30

    Huila: Matala administration makes available 20,000 hectares for agriculture

    Matala - Over 20,000 hectares of land have been made available for national and foreign entrepreneurs interested in investing in the agricultural sector in Matala Municipality, southern Huila Province, informed on Monday the Matala administrator, Miguel Vicente.

    Angola

    By: Maka Angola
    Date: January 29th 2016
    Source: AllAfrica.com

    ANALYSIS

    Angolan investigative journalist and human rights defender Rafael Marques de Morais has submitted a complaint to the Office of the Attorney General about the behaviour of notorious Kwanza-Sul Governor, General Eusébio de Brito Teixeira, for illegal land-grabbing.

    Angola grants 7,000 hectares of land to Cabo Verde
    Angola
    Cape Verde

    The government of Angola granted a plot of 7,000 hectares in Kwanza Sul province to Cabo Verde (Cape Verde) for agricultural development, said Thursday the Cape Verdean ambassador to Angola, Francisco Veiga.
     
    The ambassador, at the end of a courtesy visit to the governor of Kwanza Sul, Eusébio de Brito Teixeira, said the government would now consider what to produce on the land but said that maize production from improved seeds was one of the priority crops.
     

    Organizations

    Library

    Displaying 31 - 36 of 144
    September 2014
    Africa
    Angola

    The Africa Gas Initiative (AGI) has been
    established by the Oil and Gas Division of the World Bank,
    to promote the utilization of natural gas in Sub-Saharan
    Africa. The study focuses on coastal countries - Angola,
    Cameroon, Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, and Gabon - along the
    West African coastline, and the Gulf of Guinea, where most
    of the region's gas reserves are located, and where
    significant proportions of the gas produced, is being wasted

    Reports & Research
    August 2014
    Angola
    Burkina Faso
    Benin
    Zambia
    Chile
    Burundi
    China
    Indonesia
    Bulgaria
    Bolivia
    Austria
    Congo
    Bangladesh
    Guyana
    Armenia
    Colombia
    Kenya
    Australia
    Uruguay
    Botswana
    Argentina
    Chad
    Togo

    Meeting Name: Committee on Forestry
    Meeting symbol/code: COFO/2014/REP

    Reports & Research
    December 2013
    Angola
    Honduras
    Belgium
    Kenya
    Zimbabwe
    Indonesia
    Senegal
    Djibouti
    Ethiopia
    Niger
    Mozambique
    Uganda
    Somalia
    Italy
    India
    South Sudan
    Sudan
    Mexico
    Brazil
    Africa

    This PFS training Manual is designed for use by Master Trainers (MTs) during the training of facilitators course. Each lesson/topic is complete in itself detailing the preparations to be made, the materials to be kept handy, the core message to be communicated, and the methods that can be used in communicating the messages. A few sessions may require the presence of a technical person as co-facilitator, but the rest can be handled by any person who has been trained as a PFS Master Trainer.

    Journal Articles & Books
    December 2013
    Angola
    Greece
    United States of America
    Rwanda
    China
    Namibia
    Australia
    Swaziland
    Canada
    Iran
    Iceland
    Thailand
    New Zealand
    Kenya
    Mozambique
    Jordan
    South Africa
    Vietnam
    Italy
    Tanzania
    Botswana
    Kazakhstan
    Mongolia

    Under the current challenges of food security, climate change adaptation and mitigation, further provision of ecosystem services and sustainable intensification of agriculture, soil information becomes fundamental to guide wise policies and decisions. This document reviews the present availability of soil information from legacy maps and reports and from ongoing Digital Soil Mapping efforts. Currently, the soil science community is limited in its capacity to provide accurate and updated information to the different soil users.

    Journal Articles & Books
    December 2013
    Angola
    United States of America
    South Africa
    Vietnam
    Zimbabwe
    China
    Italy
    Tanzania
    Zambia
    Canada
    Congo
    Malawi

    The report below contains the proceedings of the first workshop of a joint project by Zambia's Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock (MAL), The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and The CGIAR programme on Climate Change, and Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) who are collaborating on developing and quantifying participatory scenario analysis under an EC funded project that will contribute to Zambia, having the tools, knowledge and capacities to adopt, advance, scale up and roll out solutions towards Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA).

    Journal Articles & Books
    December 2013
    Angola
    Algeria
    France
    United States of America
    Zambia
    Burkina Faso
    Indonesia
    Australia
    United Kingdom
    Ghana
    Congo
    Malawi
    Cameroon
    Kenya
    Liberia
    Japan
    South Africa
    Italy
    Tanzania
    Senegal
    Gabon
    Africa

    The present issue of Nature & Faune looks at the theme “Promoting good governance in natural resource management in Africa”. It is made up of some 17 articles, a good number of which dwell on structures and processes. They describe and analyse how projects and programs were designed and how committees etc. were composed; how transparent the governance is, whether adequately decentralized or participatory etc.