Land Conflicts

Land Conflicts

A “land conflict” involves competing claims to large areas of land by groups, of a breadth and depth not easily resolved within existing law. There is often no consensus on the rules to be applied, and the parties may have quite different understandings of the nature of the conflict. As used in this paper, “conflict” implies tension and the danger of violence, but not violence unless this is specified. Longstanding potentials for conflict based in structural or other fundamental problems may be the result of “trigger” events turned violent. 

Source: USAID

2016 tem aumento de 232% na expulsão de famílias do campo
26 May 2017
Brazil

Segundo a Pastoral da Terra, mortes aconteceram durante ação de despejo em Pau D’Arco (PA) e reforçam aumento da violência no campo.

Dodel veto.jpg
17 October 2017
Senegal

Date : 16 octobre 2017

Source : La vie sénégalaise

Afri Partners aura beau se prévaloir d’une délibération du conseil municipal, d’une approbation du préfet et d’un décret du Président de la République déclarant d’utilité publique le projet, elle peinera, au vu de l’ampleur de la résistance, à entrer en possession des 10.000 hectares qu’elle revendique.

DSCF0340.jpg
17 October 2017
Benin

Date : 9 octobre 2017

Source : La Nouvelle Tribune

Par : Georges Akpo

En application des dispositions de l’article 427 de la loi n°2013-01 du 14 août 2013 portant code foncier et domanial en République du Bénin, le Maire intérimaire de la ville de Cotonou a procédé à l’installation officielle des membres de la Commission de Gestion Foncière de la commune de Cotonou.

max_img-20170603-wa0117_595bb6b79e105.jpg
17 October 2017
Senegal

Date : 13 octobre 2017

Source : Rewmi.com

Par : Sada Mbodj

Des maisons saccagées, des armoires cassées, des bijoux en or et de l’argent volés et des murs démolis. Voilà le spectacle désolant qu’offre Yeumbeul Nord où un litige foncier oppose les habitants à un promoteur. Ce dernier n’a pas hésité à faire démolir tout un lot de maisons.

Manuals & Guidelines
July 2017
South Africa

This is a user-friendly guide that explains the rights of farm dwellers and the law in relation to evictions from farmland. It gives advice on how farm dwellers can navigate the legal processes involved in eviction proceedings and practically resist evictions. It is a resource for farm dwellers facing eviction from their homes, as well as for farm worker unions, community-based paralegals and lawyers. The guide was developed by SERI and the Commercial Stevedoring Agricultural and Allied Workers Union (CSAAWU).

Legislation
July 2017
Uganda

Compulsory acquisition is the power of government to acquire private rights in land for a public purpose, without the willing consent of its owner or occupant. This power is known by a variety of names depending on a country’s legal traditions, including eminent domain, expropriation, takings  and  compulsory purchase.

almadie.jpg
Senegal

Date: 13 octobre 2017

Source: Galsen 221

Par: Cheikh Mbacké Guissé

«La mafia foncière des Almadies» n’avait pas de limites comme l’écrivait notre confrère ‘’L’Observateur’’. Libération révèle les dessous de cette affaire qui n’a pas épargné les notaires encore moins le ministère du Budget dont le cachet avait été falsifié. A la découverte des As de la délinquance foncière dont les victimes ne se comptent pas.

Policy Papers & Briefs
September 2009
Uganda

The protection given to the land rights of women, orphans and any other vulnerable groups in Northern and Eastern Uganda is probably as good as can be found anywhere in the world. Customary land law is based on three main principles. First, everyone is entitled to land, and no-one can ever be denied land rights. A second principle is that all inherited land is family land, never individual property.

Reports & Research
September 2012
Uganda

This research forms part of a larger study on large-scale land acquisition in Uganda. There are three main components of this study: (1) a “risk map” that identifies areas “at risk” for land acquisition due to their high suitability for biofuel crop production; (2) a due diligence report on the existing land uses and users of land identified as “at risk” in the first activity; and (3) an assessment of the land acquisition process, including applicable social and environmental safeguards.

Reports & Research
April 2012
Uganda

This report investigates cases of land grabbing in Uganda, focusing in particular on oil palm plantations in Kalangala, Lake Victoria. It assesses the impacts on rural communities and on the local environment, and questions who benefits from these projects.