Nicaragua

NIC
26 July 2017
Nicaragua

Los simulacros de consulta violan los derechos de las personas

Realizamos casi 200 entrevistas a personas que nos contaron historias con un mensaje común: las autoridades están vendiendo su tierra sin consultar a la gente. La respuesta del Estado a estas denuncias es el silencio.

 

Cientos de familias que viven a lo largo de la ruta del canal temen ser obligadas a abandonar sus hogares y perder sus tierras y sus medios de subsistencia.

Securing Forest Tenure Rights for Rural Development: Lessons from Six Countries in Latin America cover image
Journal Articles & Books
March 2017

Secure land tenure in rural landscapes is widely recognized as an essential foundation for achieving a range of economic development goals. However, forest areas in low and middle-income countries face particular challenges in strengthening the security of land and resource tenure. Forest peoples are often among the poorest and most politically marginalized communities in their national contexts, and their tenure systems are often based on customary, collective rights that have insufficient formal legal protection.

Journal Articles & Books
December 2011

Much information on restoration and management exists for wet tropical forests of Central America but comparatively little work has been done in the dry forests of this region. Such information is critical for reforestation efforts that are now occurring throughout Central America. This paper describes processes of degradation due to land use and provides a conceptual framework for the restoration of dry tropical forest. Most of this forest type was initially harvested for timber and then cleared for cattle in the last century (1930–1970).

Journal Articles & Books
December 2013

Current carbon accounting methodologies often assume interactions between above-ground and below-ground carbon, without considering effects of land management. We used data from two long-term coffee agroforestry experiments in Costa Rica and Nicaragua to assess the effect on total soil organic carbon (SOC) stocks of (i) organic versus conventional management, (ii) higher versus moderate agronomic inputs, (iii) tree shade types. During the first nine years of coffee establishment total 0–40cm depth SOC stocks decreased by 12.4% in Costa Rica and 0.13% in Nicaragua.

Journal Articles & Books
December 2015

In this paper I explore a land grabbing resistance movement composed of unemployed coffee workers in Central Nicaragua. Between 1996 and 2000, a private agro-export conglomerate appropriated worker-owned coffee estates previously designated as the Area Propiedad del Los Trabajadores (APT), or the Worker's Property. Following mass protests between 2001 and 2004, worker representatives from the Asociación de Trabajadores del Campo (ATC) and government officials negotiated and signed the Las Tunas Accords which provided redistributed land from 18 of those coffee estates to 2500 families.

Journal Articles & Books
December 2014

One of the clearly stated intentions of the Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) is to bring both “western scientific” and “indigenous and local” knowledge systems within synthetic global, regional, and thematic assessments. A major challenge will be how to use, and quality‐assure, information derived from different knowledge systems.

Policy Papers & Briefs
July 2010

El programa TERRENA (TERritorio Y REcursos NAturales), que Ingeniería Sin Fronteras desarrolla en la cuenca alta de Río Viejo (Nicaragua), tiene como objetivo reducir la vulnerabilidad en las áreas rurales empobrecidas, mediante la gestión integral y sostenible de recursos hídricos y del territorio, incluyendo la prevención y mitigación de riesgos de desastres, todo ello con un enfoque de cuenca hidrográfica.

Journal Articles & Books
December 2003

The natural environment in Nicaragua has been damaged by rural development policies geared for the export of cash crops, by uneven land distribution and the near absence of concerns about the environmental effects of the prevailing model of development. The demands made by market forces for the export of primary materials have been reasons for land degradation in the big farms, and the need to survive a poverty stricken existence has forced the peasantry to damage the marginal and fragile land they worked.

Journal Articles & Books
December 2014

In light of continued debate regarding the capacity of small‐scale agricultural producers to compete amidst globalization and/or liberalization, we examine recent trends in the distribution and use of agricultural landholdings in developing nations via refined exploration of the Nicaraguan case.