Those of you who have visited Dubai in recent years may relate to what I am going to say: Dubai is in the middle of the desert, and its land, not that long ago, was really worth nothing. Now it is one of the most vibrant international cities in the world. All this happened in a relatively short time span.
This paper applies the principles of water-use accounts, to the Karkheh River basin in Iran.
The northern part of the Basin where the Karkheh and its tributaries rise is mountainous, cooler, and wetter. The River spills out on to the hotter, lower semi-arid plains at its southern end. Precipitation, mainly in winter, varies from 400-500 mm in the upper part of the Basin falling to about 230 mm in the lower reaches.
This study is carried out in semi-arid to arid Karkheh Basin of Iran, where massive water allocation planning is on the way, but a comprehensive knowledge on basin
hydrology and impact of these developments on different water uses and users across the basin are lacking.
IN response to an on-line survey, 76 project leaders and staff gave CPWF Phase 1 a
generally favorable review. Respondents came from 68 CPWF projects in 45 countries on
three continents. The survey sought to help learn what went well in Phase 1, what did not
go so well and can be improved in Phase 2.
Nearly three-quarters of respondents felt that they had achieved different research results,
outcomes and impacts as a result of participation in the CPWF than otherwise possible from
The Karkheh Basin Focal Project was designed to collect and organize baseline information
for future researchers and to highlight future research needs. All collected data is available
in the IDIS system. The specific research findings and recommendations for the basin are
1) The use of non-agricultural water measures is likely to be a more effective solution to
remaining rural poverty in the Karkheh basin and Iran; 2) In the short to medium term,
agricultural water policy and research should focus on improvements in physical water