Afghanistan

ISO3
AFG

États fragiles: que nous apprennent les exemples de pays?

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Afghanistan, Sierra Leone et Somalie : ces trois pays sont des États fragiles ayant des antécédents différents. L'auteur de cet article analyse ces exemples afin d'identifier les causes de leur situation, par exemple le rôle des identités ethniques, la revendication du pouvoir par des clans et d'autres groupes sousétatiques ou l'insuffisance de la représentation de la société au sein des gouvernements. Il estime que le plus grand danger pour un État est la violence qui peut rapidement déstabiliser un État faible et le précipiter dans le chaos.

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June 2006

Exemple de pays I: Afghanistan - Un État en profonde mutation

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Jusqu'en 1978, l'État afghan était faible mais stable. En revanche, il avait
toujours été accompagné par un ordre rural solide. L'effondrement ne se produisit que lorsque eut lieu une tentative d'édification d'un État fort sans consultation de la population rurale, sur la base d'idéologies étrangères et sous l'influence de l'armée. Même si l'État central a parfois fait défaut, de nombreuses institutions publiques ont démontré une surprenante capacité de survie dans les provinces, au point que de larges pans de la population avaient

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June 2006

Irrigation Restoration and Development Project Resettlement Policy Framework

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From the document's preface: "This draft Resettlement Policy Framework (RPF) sets out the general principles and policies to be followed in connection with any land acquisition and resultant resettlement which will occur during the implementation of the proposed Irrigation Restoration and Development Project scheduled to commence in 2011.

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December 2010

International Women's Day - 7 women who refuse to wait for their rights

By Rachel Crome, Digital editor at Amnesty International

If there’s one thing we learned from January’s historic Women’s March, it’s that women are fed up of waiting. More than 3 million people – of all genders – marched worldwide for women’s rights, spurred on by US President Donald Trump’s misogynistic remarks and the growing backlash against women’s human rights around the world.

Fragile states: What can we learn from the country studies?

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Afghanistan, Sierra Leone and Somalia: these three countries stand for different histories of a fragile state.The author of this article analyses different case studies to determine the various causes, such as the role of ethnic identities, claims to power by clans and other sub-state groups, or the lack of societal representation within the governments. For the author, the greatest risk to a state is violence, which can quickly spiral out of control in a weak state and lead to chaos.

Country Study 1: Afghanistan - A state in upheaval

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Until 1978, the Afghan state was weak but stable. In contrast, rural regulatory structures that complemented the state have always been strong. It was only the attempt to establish a strong state on the basis of foreign ideologies and military over the heads of the rural population that ultimately led to chaos and collapse.Whereas the central state sometimes broke down, many state
institutions in the provinces demonstrated remarkable resilience, leading to a definite nation-state consciousness throughout large sections of the population.

Afghanistan: failing state - failing cooperation?

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Six years after the fall of the Taliban, Afghanistan is a long way from political stability and economic progress. The decline of state influence continues, especially in rural areas; because of the security situation, aid organisations are drastically cutting back their programmes and military considerations are taking on overriding importance.

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January 2008

Women's Inheritance Rights to Land and Property in South Asia: A Study of Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka

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This is a resource from the Resource Equity LandWise database of resources.

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December 2009