Rangelands, Drylands & Pastoralism

Rangelands, Drylands & Pastoralism

Rangelands are grasslands, shrublands, woodlands, wetlands, and deserts that are grazed by domestic livestock or wild animals. Types of rangelands include tallgrass and shortgrass prairies, desert grasslands and shrublands, woodlands, savannas, chaparrals, steppes, and tundras.

Pastoralism is the branch of agriculture concerned with the raising of livestock. "Pastoralism" generally has a mobile aspect, moving the herds in search of fresh pasture and water (in contrast to pastoral farming, in which non-nomadic farmers grow crops and improve pastures for their livestock). 
 

Drylands conventionally are defined in terms of water stress: as terrestrial areas where the mean annual rainfall (including snow, fog, hail, etc) is lower than the total amount of water evaporated to the atmosphere.

Sources: GlobalRangelands.org & Wikipedia & IUCN  

Atlas des Produits des Zones Arides d'Afrique cover image
Manuals & Guidelines
Reports & Research
January 2009
Africa

Avant-propos La notion de désertification se définit comme une dégradation des sols en zone aride, semi-aride et subhumide sèche, souvent appelée simplement « zone aride ». On estime qu’elle résulte d’une combinaison de facteurs, parmi lesquels les changements climatiques et l’activité humaine. Plus d’un tiers de la superficie totale de la terre est considéré comme zone aride. En termes démographiques, c’est un cinquième de la population totale du globe qui vit en zone aride déjà dégradée ou menacée de désertification.

African Drylands Commodity Atlas cover image
Reports & Research
January 2009
Africa

Desertification is defined as land degradation in arid, semi-arid and dry sub-humid areas, resulting from various factors, including climatic variations and human activities. More than one third of the surface of the earth consists of drylands. In terms of population, one out of every five people of the world live in already degraded or desertification-prone drylands. These people include many of the world’s poorest, most marginalized, and politically weak citizens. For instance, nearly 325 million people in the African continent live in drylands.

La gouvernance territoriale et ses enjeux pour la gestion des ressources naturelles cover image
Reports & Research
January 2009
Global

Comme la Préface l’a souhaité, ce document est conçu comme un plaidoyer. Son objectif, en effet, est de montrer pourquoi il faut aujourd’hui replacer la Convention de Lutte contre la Désertification au cœur des stratégies engagées pour affronter la crise montante de l’écosystème global. Son point de départ est un constat sans appel : la progression de la désertification et de la dégradation des terres et des eaux conduisent inéluctablement à un développement non durable (Chapitre I).

Climate change in the African drylands: Options and opportunities for adaptation and mitigation cover image
Manuals & Guidelines
Reports & Research
November 2009
Global

The drylands of Africa, exclusive of hyper-arid zones, occupy about 43 per cent of the continent, and are home to a rapidly growing population that currently stands at about 325 million people. Dry zones, inclusive of hyper-arid lands, cover over 70 per cent of the continent’s terrestrial surface. Outside of the cities many dryland inhabitants are either pastoralists, sedentary or nomadic, or agro-pastoralists, combining livestock-rearing and crop production where conditions allow.

Way Forward After CST 9 cover image
Policy Papers & Briefs
January 2009
Global

Until now, the international community has made tireless efforts to get public attention and political action on issues of desertification, land degradation and drought (DLDD) with limited success.

Thus, the mobilization of political will and arousal of public interest and attention around the issue of climate change in particular puzzled activists and decision-makers alike, at least in the DLDD community.

Land: a tool for climate change mitigation cover image
Policy Papers & Briefs
January 2009
Global

The Kyoto Protocol negotiated in the mid-1990s to address climate change adaptation and mitigation will be replaced by a post-Kyoto agreement in 2012. The new agreement under negotiation needs to seal the policy gaps in adaptation and mitigation that were omitted or excluded from Kyoto on account of scientific uncertainties. Particular attention needs to be given to the potential of land in all its dimensions considering its high capacity to store carbon. Land stores twice as much organic carbon as vegetation and the atmosphere combined.

Land: a tool for climate change adaptation cover image
Policy Papers & Briefs
January 2009
Global

The Kyoto Protocol negotiated in the mid-1990s to address climate change adaptation and mitigation will expire in 2012. This protocol represents one of the two milestones that the multilateral negotiation of climate change has delivered. Ten years after its adoption, the climate change negotiators decided upon the second largest milestone when they approved the Bali Action Plan at their 2007 meeting in Bali.

UNCCD Ficha informativa: Introducción a la Convención de las Naciones Unidas de Lucha contra la Desertificación cover image
Policy Papers & Briefs
Institutional & promotional materials
January 2009
Global

La Convención ofrece nuevas esperanzas para luchar contra la desertificación

En las últimas décadas el problema de la degradación de tierras en las regiones de zonas secas ha seguido empeorando. La Convención promueve un nuevo método para gestionar los ecosistemas de tierras secas y administrar las aportaciones de ayuda al desarrollo.

UNNCD Fiche d’information: Introduction à la Convention des Nations Unies sur la lutte contre la désertification cover image
Policy Papers & Briefs
Institutional & promotional materials
January 2009
Global

La Convention offre de nouveaux espoirs dans la lutte contre la désertification

Le problème de la dégradation des terres dans les régions arides n'a cessé de s'aggraver au cours des vingt dernières années décennies. La Convention propose une manière entièrement nouvelle de gérer les écosystèmes arides et -ce qui n'est pas moins important- les flux d'aide au développement.