gricultural biodiversity in FAO FAO’s goal is to alleviate poverty and hunger by promoting sustainable agricultural development, improved nutrition and food security – the access of all people at all times to the food they need for an active and healthy life. The importance of biological diversity for food security and sustainable agriculture has been recognized by FAO and the Organization is working to promote its conservation and sustainable use in an agricultural context.
Rangelands, Drylands & Pastoralism
Rangelands are grasslands, shrublands, woodlands, wetlands, and deserts that are grazed by domestic livestock or wild animals. Types of rangelands include tallgrass and shortgrass prairies, desert grasslands and shrublands, woodlands, savannas, chaparrals, steppes, and tundras.
Pastoralism is the branch of agriculture concerned with the raising of livestock. "Pastoralism" generally has a mobile aspect, moving the herds in search of fresh pasture and water (in contrast to pastoral farming, in which non-nomadic farmers grow crops and improve pastures for their livestock).
Drylands conventionally are defined in terms of water stress: as terrestrial areas where the mean annual rainfall (including snow, fog, hail, etc) is lower than the total amount of water evaporated to the atmosphere.