Land Conflicts

Land Conflicts

A “land conflict” involves competing claims to large areas of land by groups, of a breadth and depth not easily resolved within existing law. There is often no consensus on the rules to be applied, and the parties may have quite different understandings of the nature of the conflict. As used in this paper, “conflict” implies tension and the danger of violence, but not violence unless this is specified. Longstanding potentials for conflict based in structural or other fundamental problems may be the result of “trigger” events turned violent. 

Source: USAID

2016 tem aumento de 232% na expulsão de famílias do campo
26 May 2017
Brazil

Segundo a Pastoral da Terra, mortes aconteceram durante ação de despejo em Pau D’Arco (PA) e reforçam aumento da violência no campo.

Dukuduku Forest
Reports & Research
June 2003
Africa
South Africa

THIS report is based on research undertaken by AFRA in 2002/3. The process of compiling the information included an extensive literature review, workshops with the forest dwellers and interviews with various stakeholders. A number of issues were considered and a large volume of literature and workshop reports on these exists in AFRA's offices. These are available on request. The Department of Regional and Land Affairs commissioned a similar study in 1993 when the state was attempting to lure people out of the forest following the 1988 "invasion".

Conference Papers & Reports
September 2017
Africa
Nigeria

This article was submitted for the UN Economic Commission for Africa “2017 Conference on Land Policy in Africa” Nov. 14-17 2017, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

This article sheds light on a series of events that triggered escalating tensions over land and resources in the coastal communities of Lagos, Nigeria. This article provides an in-depth analysis of Nigeria’s laws on expropriation and the processes of acquiring land and compensating landholders in the Lekki Free Trade Zone (LFTZ) case. Specifically, the analysis addresses the following research questions:

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22 September 2017
Central African Republic

Date : 21 septembre 2017

Source : IWACU

Par : Christian Bigirimana et Fabrice Manirakiza

Samuel Ntirampeba, a été blessé, son fils et sa belle-fille tués dans une attaque dans la nuit de jeudi 7 septembre par des inconnus armés de machettes. La cause serait l’octroi à la victime, par la justice, d’un terrain de 9 km². La police annonce l’ouverture d’une enquête.

Vital Ndagijimana : « Ils passent la nuit dans la brousse et rentent le lendemain. »

As States Create Land Banks for Private Investors, Conflicts Erupt Across India
19 September 2017
India

State governments are building land banks, using both private and common lands, to attract investment in manufacturing and infrastructure, but at the cost of people’s rights.

Urban Land Conflicts and Evictions in Latin America and the Caribbean
Reports & Research
September 2017
Latin America and the Caribbean

The Latin American and Caribbean Urban CSO Cluster, part of the Global Land Tools Network (GTLN), together with Habitat for Humanity’s Solid Ground Campaign and the Land Portal Foundation, launched an online debate on Urban Land Conflicts in Latin America and the Caribbean in January 2017. Responding to the common interest to make information easy to access and flow to boost collaboration among stakeholders as a critical basis to improve land governance.

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20 September 2017
Senegal

Date : 18 septembre 2017

Source : APS

Par : AMD/BK

Le nouveau schéma foncier mis en place par le Projet de développement inclusif et durable de l’agriculture au Sénégal (PDIDAS) devrait contribuer à prévenir les litiges fonciers dans certaines contrées du Sénégal, estime l’adjoint au gouverneur de Louga chargé des affaires administratives, Amdy Mbengue.

18 September 2017
Colombia

As a 53-year civil war winds down, coca growers face growing pressure to shelve their lucrative crop.

Mauricio Quiróz has always had a plan.

The 38-year-old farmer and entrepreneur lives with his wife and three kids on a small ranch on the lush, steep mountainside that surrounds the municipality of Briceño, in the department of Antioquia in northwestern Colombia.

19 September 2017
India

State governments are rushing to build land banks, using both private and common lands, in an effort to attract investment in manufacturing and infrastructure.

16 September 2017
Brazil

Activists disconnected transmission towers as part of a protest demanding that their lands be returned.

A group of Indigenous Guarani activists have occupied Jaragua National Park and switched off transmission towers in Sao Paulo to protest against the privatization of state-protected nature reserves by the government of President Michel Temer.

"The main consequence will be the reduction of our lands and our culture. It will end vegetation and will grow real estate speculation," Guarani leader of the Jaragua reserve Thiago Enrique said, according to Brasil de Fato.