Land Conflicts

Land Conflicts

A “land conflict” involves competing claims to large areas of land by groups, of a breadth and depth not easily resolved within existing law. There is often no consensus on the rules to be applied, and the parties may have quite different understandings of the nature of the conflict. As used in this paper, “conflict” implies tension and the danger of violence, but not violence unless this is specified. Longstanding potentials for conflict based in structural or other fundamental problems may be the result of “trigger” events turned violent. 

Source: USAID

Reports & Research
December 2011

Increasing investments in biofuel production follow a shift of energy demand,in developed nations from fossil fuel to bio energyto run machines. Consequently, there has is an accelerated influx of investors from the Europe, Asia and Americain quest for productive and fertile lands.

Proponents of the biofuel investments say the investment will improve among other things, agricultural production, add value to local products and markets and improve social services such as roads infrastructure, health facilities, clean water supply and education.

Reports & Research
March 2012

In early 2008 the government of Tanzania through the Ministry of Lands, Housing and Human Settlements Development –MLHHSD, initiated a project to develop a new city at Kigamboni area in Temeke district of Dar es Salaam region. The reasons behind the decision were many but the most important factor was that the move would provide solutions to mitigate the urbanization problems of Dar es Salaam and its environs.

Reports & Research
February 2009

The study sought to determine the state of farms that belonged to the then National Agricultural Corporation (NAFCO), ranches that belong to the National Ranching Company (NAFCO) and land belonging to absentee landlords. Since any state is dynamic, this research report, then, is a socio-historical account of what has been happening within/out more than 543,604 hectares of ranch/farmland in the wake of the fall of nationalization and rise of privatization.

24 April 2017

A chacina na zona rural do município de Colniza (MT), que deixou nove mortos na quarta (19) (
numero-de-mortos-a-tiros-em-assentamento-em-mato-grosso.shtml), elevou para 19 o número de assassinatos decorrentes de conflitos no campo registrados pela CPT (Comissão Pastoral da Terra), órgão ligado à CNBB (Conferência Nacional dos Bispos do Brasil) neste ano.

Reports & Research
December 2011

What has been the reaction of the rural producers and other land holders over these demands and actual land acquisitions? What does their reactions means in relation to ongoing land grabbing? While these questions are important this study was motivated by two major concerns.

Policy Papers & Briefs
December 2011

After three decades (following independence) of being overwhelmed by command-economy policies, in the 1980s the Tanzania’s gold mining industry benefited from policy reforms that started with the economic recovery programmes (ERP). These reforms freed in part the major means of production from state ownership. The accompanying paradigm shift allowed artisanal and small-scale miners (ASM) to register claims and retain much-needed foreign currency for rural development long before mining companies started operations.

23 April 2017

Está aberta 1 vaga para professor assstente na UFG- Jataí. 

Consulte o Edital e as Normas Complementares através do site da UFG:

Conference Papers & Reports
March 2017

Administration of land in Tanzania is more decentralized from the president to the village level. The law gives power to village councils and village assemblies to administer village land. The District authorities are given advisory and supervisory mandates over villages and represent the commissioner who takes overall administrative powers.  Despite decentralization, institutions responsible for land administration, land have continued to be cause of many conflicts for years.  Conflicts have been escalating and lead loss of lives and property.

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Reports & Research
October 2017

This study assessed the contribution of Geita Gold Mine (GGM) to the livelihoods of local communities in Geita District. Specifically, it assessed the effectiveness of corporate social responsibility implementation, determined the extent to which GGM has contributed to socio-economic development in the study area, and examined the communities’ perceptions of environmental problems associated with mining activities and their impact on community well-being. A cross-sectional research design was employed, in which qualitative and quantitative methods of data collection were used.

21 April 2017

Grupo encapuzado invadiu assentamento em Colniza nesta quinta-feira (20). A suspeita é de que os autores do crime sejam capangas de fazendeiros da região.

Pelo menos 7 pessoas foram assassinadas nesta quinta-feira (20) em um conflito por terras em um assentamento no município de Colniza, a 1.065 km de Cuiabá. De acordo com a Secretaria Estadual de Segurança Pública (Sesp-MT), um grupo encapuzado invadiu a área e teria assassinado adultos, idosos e crianças. Equipes da Polícia Militar e da Polícia Civil se deslocaram para o assentamento.