Access to Land & Tenure Security

Land tenure is the relationship, whether legally or customarily defined, among people, as individuals or groups, with respect to land. (For convenience, "land" is used here to include other natural resources such as water and trees.) Land tenure is an institution, i.e., rules invented by societies to regulate behaviour. Rules of tenure define how property rights to land are to be allocated within societies. They define how access is granted to rights to use, control, and transfer land, as well as associated responsibilities and restraints. In simple terms, land tenure systems determine who can use what resources for how long, and under what conditions.

Land tenure is an important part of social, political and economic structures. It is multi-dimensional, bringing into play social, technical, economic, institutional, legal and political aspects that are often ignored but must be taken into account. Land tenure relationships may be well-defined and enforceable in a formal court of law or through customary structures in a community. Alternatively, they may be relatively poorly defined with ambiguities open to exploitation.

Source: GLTN


Reports & Research
December 1996

In preparing an investment project, development strategies and project components are defined and revisited during project formulation through a consultative process that often includes Socio-economic and Production Systems Studies. These studies are conducted to develop an appreciation of the situation in which the intended beneficiaries live, and their perceptions of their problems, needs and priorities.

Journal Articles & Books
December 2012
Journal Articles & Books
December 2004

In recent years, the traditional public right to fish in dital waters has been supplanted by limitations on access to the stocks, particularly for commercial fishers. This is achieved by statutory schemes establishing rights of varying natures. Where these rights are fully established, they highlight the legal characteristics of property. This study is a contribution by the FAO Development Law Service to teh discussion on rights-based systems in fisheries management from a legal perspective.

Policy Papers & Briefs
October 2016

This course provides guidance on managing competition over the use of land, fisheries and forests. It introduces a process for analyzing the underlying causes of disputes and conflicts. It also illustrates a range of dispute resolution mechanisms and options for policy and legal reforms to prevent disputes and reduce vulnerability to conflict.

Reports & Research
September 2016

صمم دليل حق الشعوب الأصلية وممارسة جيدة للمجتمعات المحلية كأداة للمارسي المشاريع في طيف واسع من المشاريع والبرامج التابعة لأي منظمة تنموية، حيث يوفر معلومات حول حق الشعوب الأصلية وممارسة جيدة للمجتمعات المحلية وكيف يمكن تنفيذها في ست خطوات. ويكمل هذا الليل سياسة منظمة الأغذية والزراعة الخاصة بالشعوب الأصلية والقبلية (2010) والتي تدرج حق الشعوب الأصلية وممارسة جيدة للمجتمعات المحلية كواحد من مبادئها.

Journal Articles & Books
December 2005

Le présent guide intitulé « Accès à l’espace rural et administration des terres après des conflits violents » a été élaboré pour aider les spécialistes concernés à remettre sur pied les régimes fonciers et l’administration foncière dans les pays émergeant de conflits violents. Il est particulièrement difficile, dans de telles situations, d’assurer un accès sans danger à la terre. Les conflits violents entraînent généralement le déplacement d’une grande partie de la population. À l’issue du conflit, certains de ceux qui regagnent leur foyer trouvent leur bien occupé par d’autres.

Journal Articles & Books
December 2016

Desde las décadas de 1970 y 1980, la forestería comunitaria ha ido adquiriendo cada vez más popularidad, a partir del concepto de que las comunidades locales, cuando se les conceden suficientes derechos de propiedad sobre los bosques colectivos locales, pueden organizarse de forma autónoma y crear instituciones locales a fin de reglamentar el uso de los recursos naturales y manejarlos de forma sostenible.

Journal Articles & Books
December 2008

أعد هذاالدليل للأشخاص الذين يعملون في مجال ادارة الأراضي وجميع المهتمين بالأراضي وحيازتها، وحكومتها. وبصرف النظر عن المطبوعات العديدة التي صدرت مؤكدة على أهمية الحاكمية الرشيدة في تحقيق الأهداف الانمائية، الا أن المواد المتعلقة بالحاكمية الرشيدة في حيازة الأراضي وادارتها لا تزال محدودة. وتترتب على الاخفاق في الحاكمية تبعات تؤثر تأثيرا معاكسا في المجتع كلهز