Access to Land & Tenure Security

Land tenure is the relationship, whether legally or customarily defined, among people, as individuals or groups, with respect to land. (For convenience, "land" is used here to include other natural resources such as water and trees.) Land tenure is an institution, i.e., rules invented by societies to regulate behaviour. Rules of tenure define how property rights to land are to be allocated within societies. They define how access is granted to rights to use, control, and transfer land, as well as associated responsibilities and restraints. In simple terms, land tenure systems determine who can use what resources for how long, and under what conditions.

Land tenure is an important part of social, political and economic structures. It is multi-dimensional, bringing into play social, technical, economic, institutional, legal and political aspects that are often ignored but must be taken into account. Land tenure relationships may be well-defined and enforceable in a formal court of law or through customary structures in a community. Alternatively, they may be relatively poorly defined with ambiguities open to exploitation.

Source: GLTN

 

Policy Papers & Briefs
December 2016

This poster is one of a selection of entries from the TREEHOUSING International Wood Design Competition that was run by FAO and DBR | Design Build Research School on the occasion of the XIV World Forestry Congress in Durban, South Africa, in September 2015.The competition challenged architecture students, professional architects and designers to develop innovative and sustainable wood housing and urban building solutions. </p>This design proposes a housing solution for a small indigenous community known as the Orang Asli that lives in the Belum Rainforest of Malaysia.

Journal Articles & Books
December 2008

Исследования ФАО по вопросам землевладения представляют собой краткое изложение зачастую сложной и полемичной темы землевладения, особенно применительно к продовольственной обеспеченности, борьбе с нищетой и развитию сельских районов. Данные исследования не претендуют на исчерпывающий характер, а скорее отражают случаи "добросовестного руководства" в определенных сферах землевладения и управления земельными ресурсами, выявленные ФАО и ее многочисленными международными сотрудничающими партнерами.

Reports & Research
December 2009

土地权属及管理处 10. 本讨论文件由粮农组织土地权属及管理处起草,目的是为了征求对负责任 的土地和其他自然资源权属治理自愿准则的看法和意见。衰弱的权属治理可导 致生命和生计损失,阻碍投资和经济的全面增长,并妨碍自然资源的可持续利 用。相比之下

Reports & Research
December 2009

This document analyzes the responsible governance of tenure of land and other natural resources in South East Asia. It exposes common, regional challenges and identifies ways forward in order to improve governance in land management and administration.

Reports & Research
December 2006

The effect of HIV/AIDS on Africa and the issues it creates for women in African societies, especially unmarried women, is a difficult one that will not soon go away. These two volumes [ The Land and Property Rights of Women and Orphans in the Context of HIV and AIDS : Case Studies from Zimbabwe, and Reclaiming Our Lives: HIV and AIDS, Women’s Land and Property Rights and Livelihoods in Southern and East Africa: Narratives and Responses] are important and useful additions to the literature of the problem and should be found in academic and research collections dealing with the topic

Journal Articles & Books
December 2002
Reports & Research
December 2016

Migration between rural locations is prevalent in many developing countries and has been found to improve economic well-being in sub-Saharan Africa. This paper explores the pathways through which intra-rural migration affects well-being in rural Tanzania. Specifically, we investigate whether such migration enables migrants to access more land, higher quality land, or greater off-farm income generating opportunities that may, in turn, translate into improved well-being.

Reports & Research
December 2014

Right to Food Handbooks 7. This handbook provides practical information and tools for conducting a right to food assessment as a first step in a strategy to ensure this right and to take the appropriate measures accordingly with the obligation of progressive realization of this right. The content of this handbook is based on the FAO's “Guide to Conducting a Right to Food Assessment”. An assessment of the right to food should include an analysis of the causes of food and nutritional insecurity and should answer the following questions: who suffers food insecurity and vulnerability?

Reports & Research
December 2006

FAO has initiated a series of global and regional sector outlook studies to examine linkages between forests and societies and to indicate emerging opportunities and challenges. The Forestry Outlook Study for West and Central Asia (FOWECA) has considered these issues through an extended consultative process in 23 different national contexts in West and Central Asia.