Access to Land & Tenure Security

Land tenure is the relationship, whether legally or customarily defined, among people, as individuals or groups, with respect to land. (For convenience, "land" is used here to include other natural resources such as water and trees.) Land tenure is an institution, i.e., rules invented by societies to regulate behaviour. Rules of tenure define how property rights to land are to be allocated within societies. They define how access is granted to rights to use, control, and transfer land, as well as associated responsibilities and restraints. In simple terms, land tenure systems determine who can use what resources for how long, and under what conditions.

Land tenure is an important part of social, political and economic structures. It is multi-dimensional, bringing into play social, technical, economic, institutional, legal and political aspects that are often ignored but must be taken into account. Land tenure relationships may be well-defined and enforceable in a formal court of law or through customary structures in a community. Alternatively, they may be relatively poorly defined with ambiguities open to exploitation.

Source: GLTN

 

14 June 2017
Brazil

Quando Wesley Alexandre, de 8 anos, chega à escola 419, na cidade de Samambaia (DF), a primeira missão é: olhar como estão as plantinhas na horta. O espaço faz parte do projeto “Expresso Horta”, iniciado em 2016, após a participação da escola em uma feira de ciências sobre alimentação para o mundo. 

14 June 2017
Guinea-Bissau

A Guiné-Bissau vai receber mais de 400 mil dólares americanos do Banco Árabe para o Desenvolvimento Económico da África (BADEA), no quadro do projeto de eletrificação e resolução de assuntos sociais na região de Biombo, norte do país.

Durante a assinatura do protocolo de acordo entre o governo e o BADEA no ultimo fim de semana, o ministro da Energia e Indústria, Florentino Mendes Pereira, revelou que o referido apoio será conduzido para a melhoria da eletricidade e centros de saúde, em algumas zonas sociais de extrema importância da região de Biombo.

Brazil

Autor: Marina dos Santos, Dirigente Nacional do MST

Fonte: http://racismoambiental.net.br/2017/06/12/trabalhadores-e-povos-do-campo-sob-ataque/

Os casos aparentemente sem ligação encontram uma conexão, entretanto, com o contexto político de recrudescimento do conservadorismo e da ascensão das forças golpistas

 

Portugal

Autor: Lúis Capoulas Santos

Fonte:https://www.publico.pt/2017/06/13/economia/noticia/agricultura-o-futuro-ja-comecou-1775406

Impõe-se agora olhar a agricultura portuguesa no horizonte de uma década, no contexto da negociação da nova Política Agrícola Comum.

12 June 2017
India

The FRA sought to correct the historical injustice done to the traditional forest-dwelling communities by conferring rights to hold and own forest land where they traditionally lived and cultivated

14 June 2017
Brazil

No último dia 31/05 o Governo Federal revelou que vai destinar R$ 30 bilhões para crédito a agricultores familiares dentro do Plano Safra 2017/2018. O valor é o mesmo liberado no ano passado, ainda no governo da ex-presidente Dilma Rousseff. Já na primeira semana de junho o Plano Safra para os médios e grandes agricultores foi lançado com um montante de R$ 190 bilhões.

Peer-reviewed publication
July 2013

Financial capitalism has driven profound changes in urban land use patterns in Majorca, at the Balearic Islands (Spain). This archipelago is a major tourist destination located in the Mediterranean basin, with 4,492 km2 of surface area, 1,113,114 inhabitants and 12,316,399 tourists (2011), of whom 29.9% came from Germany, 24% from the UK and 19% from the rest of Spain. Neoliberal state regulation has favored the elite’s financial interests in the real estate sector through transport megaproject investment and lifting regional planning restrictions which prevented urban growth.

Peer-reviewed publication
July 2013

Planned efforts to relocate human populations often entail protracted struggles over the terms on which local populations may be compensated for the loss of land, assets and livelihoods. In many instances, compensation has been established on the basis of historical market value, which in effect excludes stakeholders (e.g., encroachers, landless laborers, sharecroppers, etc.) whose livelihoods are adversely affected by land acquisition. Establishing ways of recognizing and compensating the loss of informal land and livelihood is therefore a pressing policy priority.

Peer-reviewed publication
July 2013

Estimating deforested areas and deforestation rates have become key steps for quantifying environmental services of tropical rain forests, particularly as linked to programs such as Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD). In Southeastern Peru, reliable estimates of land-cover change (LCC) are important for monitoring changes in the landscape due to agricultural expansion, pasture creation and other socio-economic influences triggered by the Inter-Oceanic Highway (IOH).

Peer-reviewed publication
March 2013

This study examines whether there is a biodiversity benefit (“dividend”) associated with the existence and management of conservation reserves in the extensive and largely natural landscape of northern Australia. Species richness and abundance of vertebrate fauna and the intensity of a range of disturbance factors were compared across a set of 967 sampled quadrats, located either in pastoral lands, Indigenous lands or conservation reserves, with all sampled quadrats within a single vegetation type (open forests and savannah woodlands dominated by Eucalyptus miniata and/or E. tetrodonta).