Access to Land & Tenure Security

Land tenure is the relationship, whether legally or customarily defined, among people, as individuals or groups, with respect to land. (For convenience, "land" is used here to include other natural resources such as water and trees.) Land tenure is an institution, i.e., rules invented by societies to regulate behaviour. Rules of tenure define how property rights to land are to be allocated within societies. They define how access is granted to rights to use, control, and transfer land, as well as associated responsibilities and restraints. In simple terms, land tenure systems determine who can use what resources for how long, and under what conditions.

Land tenure is an important part of social, political and economic structures. It is multi-dimensional, bringing into play social, technical, economic, institutional, legal and political aspects that are often ignored but must be taken into account. Land tenure relationships may be well-defined and enforceable in a formal court of law or through customary structures in a community. Alternatively, they may be relatively poorly defined with ambiguities open to exploitation.

Source: GLTN

 

Fabio Rodrigues Pozzebom/ Agência Brasil

Serraglio, terra indígena é direito inalienável e enche barriga (Brasil)

Monday, March 13, 2017

As declarações do ministro da Justiça, Osmar Serraglio, de que os envolvidos em conflitos no campo deveriam “parar com a discussão sobre terras”, pois estas "não enchem barriga de ninguém", revelam profunda ignorância e/ou má fé e desnudam o caráter antipopular do governo ilegítimo. Nos últimos tempos, o governo, ao privilegiar a impostura dos ignorantes, seleciona os piores personagens possíveis para assumir cargos de relevância. A atitude é típica de regimes totalitários.



Por Iracema de Alencar

Irrigation Restoration and Development Project Resettlement Policy Framework

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From the document's preface: "This draft Resettlement Policy Framework (RPF) sets out the general principles and policies to be followed in connection with any land acquisition and resultant resettlement which will occur during the implementation of the proposed Irrigation Restoration and Development Project scheduled to commence in 2011.

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December 2010

Strengthening Land Tenure and Property Rights in Angola: Land Law and Policy: Review of Legal Framework

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Introduction: "Since its independence in 1975, and most notably in the last decade, Angola has struggled to create a legal framework adequate to address the complex issues relating to the country’s land. In 2004, the country enacted a new land law1 that sought to strengthen perceived areas of weakness in prior legislation. The new law delineated and expanded a range of land rights available by concession and recognized some measure of traditional land rights.

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May 2007

Decree Regarding Resettlement of Displaced People

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From the decree: "Considering that the UN document titled “Guiding Principles on Internally Displaced Persons” establishes the general principles governing the treatment of internally displaced persons; Given that Angola is a country with high numbers of internally displaced persons resettling and returning to their areas of origin; Having found it necessary to establish the rules governing the resettlement process under the terms of the provisions of paragraph (f) of Article 112 and Article 113, both of the Constitutional Law, the Government decrees the following"

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January 2001

Lanzamiento de Mapa de Luchas de las Mujeres - Mujeres Latinoamericanas Tejiendo Territorios

Wednesday, March 8, 2017

En el día Internacional de las mujeres y como justo homenaje a las Defensoras de la naturaleza y la vida, la Red Latinoamericana de Mujeres Defensoras de Derechos Sociales y Ambientales,  Censat Agua Viva y ACKnowl-EJ (Academic-Activist Co-Production of Knowledge for Environmental Justice), queremos visibilizar el rol fundamental que desempeñan las mujeres latinoamericanas en la defensa de sus territorios, estrategias y sentires que las ponen al frente en los  conflictos mineros, pero también conocer los impactos diferenciados que generan las actividades mineras en la vida de las mujeres a

Rental Housing: An essential option for the urban poor in developing countries

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Demonstrates that most arguments leading to the current bias against rental housing are highly flawed. Argues for more tenure-neutral housing policies, and urges governments to modify regulatory frameworks, develop credit programmes and other forms of assistance to support housing production, with a view to creating more rental housing and to improve the existing stock.

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March 2003

Pro Poor Land Management: Integrating Slums into City Planning Approaches

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This publication on Pro Poor Land Management is based on the Handbook on Best Practices, Security of Tenure and Access to Land. It briefly describes recent innovations at the global level in the field of pro poor land management. It shows how governments, including local government and other stakeholders, are coming to grips with implementing the land related principles enshrined in the Habitat Agenda at a practical level in the cities and towns.

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March 2004