Access to Land & Tenure Security

Land tenure is the relationship, whether legally or customarily defined, among people, as individuals or groups, with respect to land. (For convenience, "land" is used here to include other natural resources such as water and trees.) Land tenure is an institution, i.e., rules invented by societies to regulate behaviour. Rules of tenure define how property rights to land are to be allocated within societies. They define how access is granted to rights to use, control, and transfer land, as well as associated responsibilities and restraints. In simple terms, land tenure systems determine who can use what resources for how long, and under what conditions.

Land tenure is an important part of social, political and economic structures. It is multi-dimensional, bringing into play social, technical, economic, institutional, legal and political aspects that are often ignored but must be taken into account. Land tenure relationships may be well-defined and enforceable in a formal court of law or through customary structures in a community. Alternatively, they may be relatively poorly defined with ambiguities open to exploitation.

Source: GLTN

 

Journal Articles & Books
December 2001

This report describes how the introduction of transferable fishing (effort) or fish (catch) quotas has affected the capacity of the fleet prosecuting the target fishery for which the harvesting rights apply. It consists of 16 national, or national fishery, studies, describes how the introduction of transferable fishing (effort) or fish (catch) quotas has affected the capacity of the fleet prosecuting the target fishery for which the harvesting rights apply. The case studies include two from the European Union (the U.K. and the Netherlands) and for Iceland.

Reports & Research
December 2008

Land Tenure Working Paper 2. This document analyzes the implications for land tenure and land policy of climate change. It assesses the implications of ongoing anthropogenic climate change resulting from greenhouse gas emissions for land tenure and the role that land policy can play in climate change adaptation planning in the developing world.

Journal Articles & Books
December 2002

Land and land reform cover a great range, both in terms of the geographical and development status of the countries considered, and of the variety of perspectives on the issues. The articles in this issue of Land Reform, Land Resettlement and Cooperatives reflect this breadth in a variety of ways. The articles range geographically from the paper addressing land and agrarian reform in Colombia, by Professor Darío Fajardo, to a consideration of the land reforms currently under way in Scotland, by Douglas Macmillan, Ken Thomson and Bill Slee.

Reports & Research
December 2011

Ce manuel de formation est destiné tant aux personnes qui travaillent dans la gestion des risques naturels et la réponse aux catastrophes qu’aux personnes qui travaillent dans le domaine de la gestion foncière. En utilisant un format d'auto-formation, cette publication vise à fournir un aperçu des aspects les plus importants liés aux régimes fonciers qui peuvent survenir après une catastrophe naturelle et qui doivent être considérés et inclus dans les processus décisionnels associés aux différentes phases de la prévention et la gestion des risques naturels.

Reports & Research
December 2010

Land Tenure Working Paper 15. This publication brings to light the existing linkages between land tenure and the realization of the right to food. It points out that responsible governance of land requires the adoption of human rights-based approach in order to develop coherent and long term solutions to improve people’s livelihoods. The document presents the legal implications of the right to food at national level and provides a series of examples on the implementation of human rights principles and obligations into land tenure systems, policies, and institutional frameworks.

Reports & Research
December 2009

Document de travail sur les régimes fonciers 11. Cette publication conjointe entre la FAO et UN-HABITAT cherche à améliorer et à mieux définir les processus, mécanismes et institutions de gouvernance foncières dans les zones rurales et urbaines. Ce document, tout en soulignant l’excellence des politiques, législations et réformes techniques foncières, en termes d’élaboration, relève toutefois un certain nombre de problèmes de mise en œuvre, en constatant des glissements, des interruptions, voire même des inversions.

Reports & Research
December 2009

Documento de trabajo sobre tenencia de la tierra 3. Este documento ofrece una reflexión sobre la situación, las políticas y las tendencias de la gobernanza en Europa Oriental y en la Comunidad de Estados Independientes (CEI). Este estudio realiza una evaluación sobre el estado de la gobernanza así como la capacidad de los diferentes países para contribuir a la elaboración de las Directrices de la FAO sobre gobernanza responsable de la tenencia de la tierra y otros recursos naturales. <strong>PDF Disponible solo en inglés</strong>