Access to Land & Tenure Security

Land tenure is the relationship, whether legally or customarily defined, among people, as individuals or groups, with respect to land. (For convenience, "land" is used here to include other natural resources such as water and trees.) Land tenure is an institution, i.e., rules invented by societies to regulate behaviour. Rules of tenure define how property rights to land are to be allocated within societies. They define how access is granted to rights to use, control, and transfer land, as well as associated responsibilities and restraints. In simple terms, land tenure systems determine who can use what resources for how long, and under what conditions.

Land tenure is an important part of social, political and economic structures. It is multi-dimensional, bringing into play social, technical, economic, institutional, legal and political aspects that are often ignored but must be taken into account. Land tenure relationships may be well-defined and enforceable in a formal court of law or through customary structures in a community. Alternatively, they may be relatively poorly defined with ambiguities open to exploitation.

Source: GLTN

 

Policy Papers & Briefs
December 2015

Cooperation between Bulgaria and FAO started in 1967 and has continued to grow, with Bulgaria providing sustained support to the achievement of FAO’s Strategic Objectives. In recent years, their partnership has focused on supporting small family farms and giving greater recognition to their role in ensuring the country’s food supply. Their collaboration is now focusing on the key role of academia and research institutes in achieving food security and nutrition.

Journal Articles & Books
November 2001

FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Papers 411: The report, consisting of 23 studies, describes how the initial allocations of transferable fishing (effort) or fish (catch) quotas have been done by a variety of fisheries management regimes around the world.

Journal Articles & Books
December 2001

Information is provided on why to involve traditional leaders in the decentralisation and restructuring process. The extent to which this may be happening anyhow (by default) is part of the research hypotheses that guided fieldwork, which have not found to be relevant in all countries.

Reports & Research
December 2014

The Review of the legislative framework and jurisprudence concerning the right to adequate food in Nepal discusses overarching aspects of Nepalese law and jurisprudence dealing with the human right to food. Following a brief discussion of the international legal protection of the right to food in Nepal, the review, in particular provides a critical assessment of constitutional as well as legislative provisions and offers a thorough analysis of Supreme Court jurisprudence pertaining to the right to food.

Journal Articles & Books
December 2016

Государства-члены Продовольственной и сельскохозяйственной организации Объединенных Наций (ФАО) определили ключевыми целями Организации “повышение продуктивности сельского хозяйства, повышение качества питания, улучшение жизни сельского населения и содействие росту мировой экономики”. Как специализированное учреждение Организации Объединенных Наций (ООН), ФАО играет ключевую роль в усилиях по достижению продовольственной безопасности и сокращению масштабов нищеты.

Reports & Research
December 1998

In preparing an investment project, development strategies and project components are defined and revisited during project formulation through a consultative process that often includes Socio-economic and Production Systems Studies. These studies are conducted to develop an appreciation of the situation in which the intended beneficiaries live, and their perceptions of their problems, needs and priorities. The present study was carried out on the socio-economic situation of tribal communities and livelihoods in selected areas in Madhya Pradesh and Bihar in India.

Journal Articles & Books
December 2010

These proceedings contain the main papers and presentations from Sharing the Fish ’06 Conference: Allocation issues in fisheries management conference that was held in Fremantle, Western Australia, 27 February to 2 March 2006.