Access to Land & Tenure Security

Land tenure is the relationship, whether legally or customarily defined, among people, as individuals or groups, with respect to land. (For convenience, "land" is used here to include other natural resources such as water and trees.) Land tenure is an institution, i.e., rules invented by societies to regulate behaviour. Rules of tenure define how property rights to land are to be allocated within societies. They define how access is granted to rights to use, control, and transfer land, as well as associated responsibilities and restraints. In simple terms, land tenure systems determine who can use what resources for how long, and under what conditions.

Land tenure is an important part of social, political and economic structures. It is multi-dimensional, bringing into play social, technical, economic, institutional, legal and political aspects that are often ignored but must be taken into account. Land tenure relationships may be well-defined and enforceable in a formal court of law or through customary structures in a community. Alternatively, they may be relatively poorly defined with ambiguities open to exploitation.

Source: GLTN

 

Reports & Research
December 2012

The Province of Huaphan is implementing Land Use Planning (LUP) as a way to achieve national development goals such as reduction of rural poverty, investment in land and reduction of competition over land. This report covers the process of land use planning; the results of consultations with villagers and district and provincial officials; and the next steps to implement land use planning in Huaphan Province.

7 December 2017
Latin America and the Caribbean

¿Desarrollo e inversiones con respeto a derechos humanos y medio ambiente en América Latina? Para defensores de Honduras, Guatemala y Nicaragua, reunidos en Bruselas, un sueño lejano. ¿Por qué?

El desfase entre el respeto a los derechos humanos, los intereses económicos internacionales y es el mayor desafío para América Latina.  De los 200 asesinatos a defensores de derechos humanos y ambientalistas que hubo en 2016 en todo el mundo, el 60% tuvo lugar en América Latina. Según cifras de Global Witness, 14 fueron en Honduras, 11 en Nicaragua, 4 en Guatemala.

7 December 2017
Brazil

Los indígenas de Brasil protestan para que se respete su derecho de demarcación de tierras, violentados por el actual Gobierno de facto de Michel Temer. 

Las Comunidades indígenas en Brasil rechazan las nuevas reglas que restringen el derecho a la tierra de los indígenas. 

El pasado julio, el presidente de facto, Michel Temer, firmó un decreto de la Procuraduría General de la Unión (AGU, sigla en portugués) para obligar a fijar el Marco Temporal para la demarcación de las Tierras Indígenas (TI) en todos los organismos del Ejecutivo Federal.

Dubai Skyline
Iran
Iraq
Jordan
Lebanon
Saudi Arabia
Syrian Arab Republic
United Arab Emirates
Yemen

Those of you who have visited Dubai in recent years may relate to what I am going to say: Dubai is in the middle of the desert, and its land, not that long ago, was really worth nothing. Now it is one of the most vibrant international cities in the world. All this happened in a relatively short time span.

6 December 2017
Colombia

La Agencia Nacional de Tierras inició, a través de la Unidad de Gestión de la Costa Caribe,  la formalización y saneamiento de los predios en las veredas de la denominada Zona Alta del municipio El Carmen de Bolivar.

La iniciativa fue necesaria, ya que la mayoría de los campesinos propietarios de las parcelas no cuentan con la real titularidad de los bienes inmuebles.
La falta de esos documentos no les permite acceder a los dos subsidios y otros incentivos, porque no existe la legalización y un documento que los acredite como sus propietarios.

Guatemala

La sexta avenida, entre quinta y cuarta calles está prácticamente tomada por campesinos, hombres y mujeres que se trasladaron a vivir ahí –frente a Casa Presidencial– porque fueron expulsados violentamente de comunidades en donde vivían, y según lo dicen, están dispuestos a continuar resistiendo hasta tanto el gobierno no les dé una respuesta clara y concreta a sus peticiones que tiene relación con la restitución de las tierras que históricamente les pertenecen.

Land rights in Bangladesh
5 December 2017
Bangladesh

With a population of 163 million people and an area of only 147,570 square kilometers, Bangladesh is one of the most densely populated countries in the world. Land scarcity, insecure tenure, and other factors have contributed to a high volume of land conflicts. Such problems are compounded by Bangladesh’s weak land governance systems, extensive informal settlements in urban areas and widespread landlessness in rural areas.

5 December 2017
Argentina

The conflict in Argentina between the indigenous Mapuche community and the national government has claimed another victim: Rafael Nahuel, an indigenous 22-year-old who was killed while resisting a raid by government forces on indigenous activists in the province of Río Negro.

5 December 2017
Latin America and the Caribbean

New group could help put pressure on Brazilian government to protect rights of Indigenous Peoples