Access to Land & Tenure Security

Land tenure is the relationship, whether legally or customarily defined, among people, as individuals or groups, with respect to land. (For convenience, "land" is used here to include other natural resources such as water and trees.) Land tenure is an institution, i.e., rules invented by societies to regulate behaviour. Rules of tenure define how property rights to land are to be allocated within societies. They define how access is granted to rights to use, control, and transfer land, as well as associated responsibilities and restraints. In simple terms, land tenure systems determine who can use what resources for how long, and under what conditions.

Land tenure is an important part of social, political and economic structures. It is multi-dimensional, bringing into play social, technical, economic, institutional, legal and political aspects that are often ignored but must be taken into account. Land tenure relationships may be well-defined and enforceable in a formal court of law or through customary structures in a community. Alternatively, they may be relatively poorly defined with ambiguities open to exploitation.

Source: GLTN

 

Reports & Research
February 2014

A new report by IDMC and Gaza-based Palestinian Center for Human Rights (PCHR) offers the most comprehensive analysis to date on Israel's lethal enforcement of Access-Restricted Areas - (ARA) - live-fire zones imposed by the Israeli military forces on large swathes of the Gaza Strip.

Download the report

Manuals & Guidelines
March 2010

Moçambique é um dos bons exemplos dos países Africanos que têm desenvolvido metodologias de delimitação das comunidades rurais e tem estado a implementar com sucesso a sua reforma da lei de terra. A nova lei de terra em Moçambique surgiu em 1997 e desde então um número significativo de comunidades rurais reforçou o seu direito de uso e aproveitamento da terra. Este é uma vitória, um marco social e histórico, digno de registo e apreciação, jamais visto na história contemporânea, desde a Conferência de Berlim onde o continente africano foi divido para melhor ocupar e governar.

Manuals & Guidelines
September 2007

A Estratégia de Segurança Alimentar e Nutricional (ESAN II) resulta da evolução da
ESAN I aprovada pelo Governo de Moçambique em 1998, através da Resolução Interna
16/98. A ESAN I foi elaborada na sequência da Cimeira Mundial de Alimentação
(CMA), realizada em Roma em 1996, quando os diversos países se comprometeram a
reduzir a fome para metade até 2015. Este objectivo coincide com o Objectivo número
um do Desenvolvimento do Milénio (ODM), aprovado na Cimeira do Milénio, em 2000.

19 June 2017
Amazonia

The Amazon basin faces irreversible environmental disturbance on an enormous scale due to hydroelectric dam development. Hundreds of existing and planned dams in both the Amazonian lowlands and the Andean headwaters are already impacting, and will continue affecting, waterways, floodplains and the estuary by disrupting sediment and nutrient flows.

This is the message of a new study, published in Nature, which quantified the impacts of dams on the hydrology and geography of each of the Amazon’s 19 major sub-basins.

Brazil
Brazil
20 June 2017
Brazil

Na próxima quarta-feira (21), o Tribunal Regional Federal da 5a Região, sediado em Recife, julga a constitucionalidade do decreto 4.887/03, que regulamenta a demarcação e titulação das terras dos remanescentes quilombolas no Brasil. A decisão pode afetar a vida de pelo menos 20 mil famílias com processos abertos no Incra nos estados de Sergipe, Alagoas, Pernambuco, Paraíba, Rio Grande do Norte e Ceará, áreas de abrangência do TRF 5.

20 June 2017
Asia

The average annual rate of deforestation is nearly 600,000 acres, and deforestation rates in the forested areas re higher than that in non-forested areas, said Tin Tun, director of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Conservation, at a workshop on knowledge-sharing among ethnic minority groups in programme to reduce emissions and deforestation in Asia. The workshop was held at the Horizon Lake View Hotel in Nay Pyi Taw yesterday.