Access to Land & Tenure Security

Land tenure is the relationship, whether legally or customarily defined, among people, as individuals or groups, with respect to land. (For convenience, "land" is used here to include other natural resources such as water and trees.) Land tenure is an institution, i.e., rules invented by societies to regulate behaviour. Rules of tenure define how property rights to land are to be allocated within societies. They define how access is granted to rights to use, control, and transfer land, as well as associated responsibilities and restraints. In simple terms, land tenure systems determine who can use what resources for how long, and under what conditions.

Land tenure is an important part of social, political and economic structures. It is multi-dimensional, bringing into play social, technical, economic, institutional, legal and political aspects that are often ignored but must be taken into account. Land tenure relationships may be well-defined and enforceable in a formal court of law or through customary structures in a community. Alternatively, they may be relatively poorly defined with ambiguities open to exploitation.

Source: GLTN

 

7 December 2017
Nigeria
  • The government of Nigeria has announced its plans to restore four million hectares, or nearly 10 million acres, of degraded lands within its borders.
  • The West African nation is now one of 26 countries across the continent that have committed to restoring more than 84 million hectares (over 200 million acres) of degraded lands as part of the African Forest Landscape Restoration Initiative (AFR100), an effort that aims to bring 100 million hectares of land under restoration by 2030.
11 December 2017
Global

11 December 2017 – On International Mountain Day, the United Nations food security agency has called for greater focus on sustainable agriculture in highland regions around the globe to better respond to climate change impacts and migration challenges.

11 December 2017
India

Small farmers plant a more diverse variety of crops, making them more resilient to climate change

MUMBAI, Dec 11 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - India's small farmers are better equipped than large landowners to deal with climate change, but need more support to find innovative ways to minimise the impacts of higher temperatures, uneven rainfall, floods and droughts, analysts said.

About 60 percent of India's population of 1.3 billion depends on agriculture for a living. More than three quarters of farmers cultivate than 2 hectares (5 acres) of land each.

8 December 2017
Peru

The Mashco Piro, an isolated tribe in Peru's Amazon, are increasingly making contact with the outside world

DIAMANTE (Peru), Dec 6 - In Peru's remote southern Amazon, villagers rushed to the riverbank to witness a rare sighting - a group of Mashco Piro nomads standing on the other side, brandishing bows and arrows.

An elder from the indigenous hunter-gatherers, who have lived largely in isolation inside the rainforest for millennia, called to the Diamante villagers to ferry them across.

7 December 2017
Angola

Autor:DW

Fonte:http://www.dw.com/pt-002/crise-econ%C3%B3mica-angolana-agravou-casos-de-...

 

Em Berlim, onde participou na conferência de dois dias sobre Angola, que terminou esta sexta-feira (08.12), Malungo Germano, oficial de advocacia da Federação Luterana Mundial (FLM), revelou casos de usurpação de terra na província do Moxico e o que a organização tem feito para combater o problema.

11 December 2017
Bahrain

This post was written by Khalid Ibrahim, executive director of the Gulf Center for Human Rights, an independent, non-profit organisation that promotes freedom of expression, association and peaceful assembly in the Gulf region and its neighbouring countries.

Manuals & Guidelines
January 2014
Africa
South Africa

We believe that law should in principle assist vulnerable communities in changing power relations. Law is fundamentally a ‘neutral’ set of rules that constrains power by requiring decisions and actions of those in power to comply with legal rules, rights and obligations. Unfortunately, we have seen the powerful appropriate law as a tool for only protecting and strengthening their interests.

11 December 2017
Global
  • PRIndex will collect data from 36 countries in 2018 to help citizens secure their rights to homes and land.
Policy Papers & Briefs
December 2012

Discussion paper on the legal framework of state land leases and concessions in Lao PDR. This paper summarizes the relevant laws and regulations and indicate contradictions in the legislation wherever contradictions exist. Research was supported by the GIZ – Land Management and Registration Project (LMRP) contribution to the Northern Uplands Development Program as product of the land management component.