Access to Land & Tenure Security

Land tenure is the relationship, whether legally or customarily defined, among people, as individuals or groups, with respect to land. (For convenience, "land" is used here to include other natural resources such as water and trees.) Land tenure is an institution, i.e., rules invented by societies to regulate behaviour. Rules of tenure define how property rights to land are to be allocated within societies. They define how access is granted to rights to use, control, and transfer land, as well as associated responsibilities and restraints. In simple terms, land tenure systems determine who can use what resources for how long, and under what conditions.

Land tenure is an important part of social, political and economic structures. It is multi-dimensional, bringing into play social, technical, economic, institutional, legal and political aspects that are often ignored but must be taken into account. Land tenure relationships may be well-defined and enforceable in a formal court of law or through customary structures in a community. Alternatively, they may be relatively poorly defined with ambiguities open to exploitation.

Source: GLTN

 

Journal Articles & Books
December 2012
Qatar
Egypt
Iraq
Jordan
China
Italy
Syrian Arab Republic
Iran
Lebanon
Africa

The share of agriculture in the GDP declined from 16 percent in the 1990s to almost 14 percent in 2010. Meanwhile, those employed in agriculture as a percent of total labor force is declining since 1960 to 2006. Despite losing labor and share of the GDP, agriculture is, and will continue to be, among the major economic activities in Egypt, and a generator for economic growth. The balance between agriculture and other productive sectors of the economy require proper spatial and land use planning. Land tenure is central to this planning exercise.

Journal Articles & Books
December 2008
Germany
Burkina Faso
Bangladesh
Honduras
United States of America
Rwanda
Burundi
Zimbabwe
Guatemala
Indonesia
Canada
Congo
Costa Rica
Niger
Kenya
Pakistan
Italy
Nepal
Ghana
Vietnam
Myanmar
Ecuador
Cuba
India
Bhutan
France
Europe
Africa
Americas
Asia

Durant l’Année internationale de la montagne en 2002, la FAO et ses partenaires ont lancé une évaluation à grande échelle et un examen mondial de l’état actuel et des tendances futures de l’aménagement intégré et participatif des bassins versants. Les objectifs généraux étaient de promouvoir l’échange et la diffusion d’expériences dans la mise en œuvre de ces projets durant la décennie 1990–2000, et d’aider à identifier une vision pour une nouvelle génération de programmes et projets.

Journal Articles & Books
December 2006
Burkina Faso
Bangladesh
Nigeria
Nepal
Gambia
Mali
Zimbabwe
China
Congo
Ethiopia
Colombia
Mozambique
South Africa
Nicaragua
Uganda
Cameroon
Tanzania
Netherlands
India
Sudan
Gabon
Kenya

Issues of transformative change in gender relations have been on the development agenda for four decades and no-one could say that there have not been significant policy initiatives taken to achieve this objective. The enthusiasm generated during the 1975 International Year for Women and throughout the UN international Women’s Decade from 1976-1985 is undeniable and the achievements are clear.

Journal Articles & Books
December 2000
Madagascar
Africa

This thirty-page report is the third out of three reports written on forest resources in Madagascar. It is aimed at the collection, analysis of data related to the forest plantations sector in Madagascar. Different from the other two reports, it deals with issues related to village plantations and its uses by local families. The report is composed of six main topics dealing with the methodologies used, the surface of the plantations, total volume of these, the commercial aspects, the duration of rotation and the dynamics of reforestation and exploitation.

Journal Articles & Books
December 2016
Italy

وترمي العناصر عناصر لتيسير التنفيذ المحلي للحصول على الموارد وتقاسم منافعها بالنسبة إلى مختلف القطاعات الفرعية للموارد الوراثية للأغذية والزراعة إلى مساعدة الحكومات التي تنظر في تدابير الحصول على الموارد وتقاسم منافعها أو تقوم بوضعها أو تكييفها أو تنفيذها، على الأخذ بعين الاعتبار أهمية الموارد الوراثية للأغذية والزراعة، والدور الخاص الذي تلعبه في تحقيق الأمن الغذائي، والسمات المميّزة لمختلف القطاعات الفرعية، بموازاة الامتثال للصكوك الدولية بحسب الاقتضاء.

Journal Articles & Books
July 2016
Liberia
Switzerland
Sierra Leone
Germany
Italy
Africa

This study assesses the jurisdictional, procedural and remedial aspects of the grievance mechanisms that are used in land disputes in Sierra Leone. It helps to better understand the types and effectiveness of non-judicial grievance mechanisms in the country. It further proposes some options for the rationalization and coordination of the mechanisms that are now at work.

Journal Articles & Books
December 2012
Egypt
United States of America
Iraq
France
Netherlands
Iran
Ethiopia
Kenya
Jordan
Libya
Italy
Syrian Arab Republic
Saudi Arabia
India
Sudan
Brazil
Lebanon
Africa

The share of agriculture in the GDP declined from 16 percent in the 1990s to almost 14 percent in 2010. Meanwhile, those employed in agriculture as a percent of total labor force is declining since 1960 to 2006. Despite losing labor and share of the GDP, agriculture is, and will continue to be, among the major economic activities in Egypt, and a generator for economic growth. The balance between agriculture and other productive sectors of the economy require proper spatial and land use planning. Land tenure is central to this planning exercise.

Journal Articles & Books
December 1995
Fiji
Bangladesh
United States of America
China
Sri Lanka
Indonesia
Australia
Guinea
Pakistan
Thailand
Nepal
Laos
Philippines
Solomon Islands
Vietnam
Myanmar
Brunei Darussalam
Cambodia
India
Bhutan
Malaysia
Papua New Guinea
Journal Articles & Books
December 2001
Egypt
Canada
Israel
Samoa
Germany
Namibia
Indonesia
Burkina Faso
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Iran
Djibouti
Guinea
Ethiopia
Malawi
Thailand
Cyprus
Japan
Vietnam
Tanzania
Poland
India
Greece

The present “Supplement to the Report on the 1990 WCA” presents the census results collected from the reports issued by the countries that conducted censuses during the 1986-1995 decade and made them available to FAO after mid-1997.