Access to Land & Tenure Security

Land tenure is the relationship, whether legally or customarily defined, among people, as individuals or groups, with respect to land. (For convenience, "land" is used here to include other natural resources such as water and trees.) Land tenure is an institution, i.e., rules invented by societies to regulate behaviour. Rules of tenure define how property rights to land are to be allocated within societies. They define how access is granted to rights to use, control, and transfer land, as well as associated responsibilities and restraints. In simple terms, land tenure systems determine who can use what resources for how long, and under what conditions.

Land tenure is an important part of social, political and economic structures. It is multi-dimensional, bringing into play social, technical, economic, institutional, legal and political aspects that are often ignored but must be taken into account. Land tenure relationships may be well-defined and enforceable in a formal court of law or through customary structures in a community. Alternatively, they may be relatively poorly defined with ambiguities open to exploitation.

Source: GLTN

 

Global
Africa

By Chris Jochnick, President and CEO of Landesa

The development community has experienced various “revolutions” over the years – from microfinance to women’s rights, from the green revolution to sustainable development.  Each of these awakenings has improved our understanding of the challenges we face; each has transformed the development landscape, mostly for the better.

Rosildo da Silva, indígena Jaminawa Arara, vai à CIDH denunciar a demora nas demarcações de terras no Acre. foto: Tiago Miotto/Cimi
20 March 2017
Brazil

Nesta sexta-feira, 17 de março, junto à Comissão Interamericana de Direitos Humanos (CIDH), em Washington, nos Estados Unidos, será realizada uma audiência sobre o Direito do Território de Comunidades Indígenas e Comunidades Rurais da Pan-Amazônia. A audiência foi solicitada pela Rede Eclesial Pan-Amazônica (Repam), Conselho Episcopal Latino-Americano (CELAM), Confederação Latino-Americana de Religiosos (CLAR), Caritas da América Latina e do Caribe, Conferência Episcopal dos Estados Unidos, lideranças indígenas e campesinas.

Image by Allison Shelley. Haiti, 2016.
17 March 2017
Global

The Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting, a grant-giving non-profit organization that supports independent global journalism, is seeking applications for data-driven journalism projects related to land rights and property rights. 

We are eager to see proposals that use open data to reveal new perspectives on property rights issues related to land tenure, indigenous land rights, transparency in land transactions and concessions, resource rights, or overlapping land use rights—just to name a few. 

Fonte:Gilberto Soares/MMA
17 March 2017
Brazil

Em encontro com o ministro do Meio Ambiente, lideranças alertam para desmatamentos em áreas limítrofes do parque, que estariam pondo em risco nascentes e rios



Líderes das principais etnias que vivem no Parque Indígena do Xingu, em Mato Grosso,

entregaram nesta quarta-feira, dia 15, um documento ao ministro do Meio Ambiente, Sarney Filho,

em que manifestam preocupação com a expansão do agronegócio nas áreas limítrofes da reserva.

Conférence.jpg
30 March 2017

Location

Maison des Sciences de l’Homme
17, rue de l’Abbé de l’Epée
MONTPELLIER
France
FR
France

Source: Foncier&Développement

Journée d’animation thématique

Dans le cadre du programme MSH-Sud

« Les politiques de la terre au Sud: entre Etat, marchés et dispositifs coutumiers »

Mines, terres, territoires

30 mars 2017

Maison des Sciences de l’Homme de MONTPELLIER,

17, rue de l’Abbé de l’Epée

Organisée par le Pôle Foncier et la Maison des Sciences de l’Homme de Montpellier (MSH-Sud)

Ceja.jpg
5 April 2017

Location

Université Laval- Pavillon Charles-De Koninck - Salle 3A
1030 Avenue des Sciences Humaines,
Québec
Canada
CA
Canada

Source: Média Réseau forum

Conférencière invitée : Cécile Duclaux-Monteil, coordonnatrice de recherches au Centre d'études juridiques africaines de Genève(CEJA) et chargée d'enseignement à l'Université Senghor. Consultez sa notice biographique  [document Adobe PDF]

17 March 2017
Liberia

MONROVIA, Montserrado – Agnes Gardia, a farmer in Montserrado, believes that existing laws on land ownership put farmers at a disadvantage because they have no regard for community ownership of land.

“Recently, while carrying out my farming works, the land I am gardening on was sold to another person by a member of a family claiming ownership. The new owner has asked me to remove my crops because he is ready to carry out his construction works,” she said. “Where then do I go, and how possible is it to relocate my crops when it’s not even ready for harvest?”