Access to Land & Tenure Security

Land tenure is the relationship, whether legally or customarily defined, among people, as individuals or groups, with respect to land. (For convenience, "land" is used here to include other natural resources such as water and trees.) Land tenure is an institution, i.e., rules invented by societies to regulate behaviour. Rules of tenure define how property rights to land are to be allocated within societies. They define how access is granted to rights to use, control, and transfer land, as well as associated responsibilities and restraints. In simple terms, land tenure systems determine who can use what resources for how long, and under what conditions.

Land tenure is an important part of social, political and economic structures. It is multi-dimensional, bringing into play social, technical, economic, institutional, legal and political aspects that are often ignored but must be taken into account. Land tenure relationships may be well-defined and enforceable in a formal court of law or through customary structures in a community. Alternatively, they may be relatively poorly defined with ambiguities open to exploitation.

Source: GLTN

 

Reports & Research
December 2006
Burkina Faso
Benin
Nigeria
Mozambique
Zambia
Mauritania
Mali
Namibia
Djibouti
Malawi
Comoros
Cape Verde
Rwanda
Libya
Lesotho
Italy
Botswana
Gambia
Senegal
Kenya

The effect of prime-age adult death and its consequences on access to land for the survivors has not been fully explored nor incorporated into policy regardless the fact that high adult mortality is now the lived reality in countries affected by HIV/AIDS, particularly in Africa. This paper explores the gendered relationships between adult death due to HIV/AIDS and changes in land rights for the survivors particularly widows. In many African societies, women have traditionally accessed land through marriage.

Reports & Research
December 2010
Honduras
Belize
El Salvador
Chile
Guatemala
Bolivia
Austria
Venezuela
Costa Rica
Colombia
Panama
Nicaragua
Ecuador
Netherlands
Argentina
Paraguay
Mexico
Americas

Documento de trabajo sobre la tenencia de la tierra 18. Presenta los principales temas para caracterizar la gobernanza en la tenencia de la tierra y analiza los aspectos relacionados con la evolución de las problemáticas de política agraria en los diferentes países de América Central. Además, ofrece algunos ejemplos y lecciones aprendidas derivadas de los nuevos modelos de administración y mecanismos de acceso a la tierra que los gobiernos centroamericanos y la cooperación internacional han promovido en los últimos quince años en la Región.

Journal Articles & Books
December 2002
Italy

وقد تم إعداد هذا الدليل على الجنس والحصول على الأراضي لدعم مديري الأراضي في الحكومات ونظرائهم في المجتمع المدني الذين يشاركون في الحصول على الأراضي وإدارة الأراضي  أسئلة في التنمية الريفية. وهذه هي حالة أن يتم ترك قضايا المساواة بين الجنسين خارج أو سوء فهم في مثل هذه الحالات، وغالبا مع نتائج سلبية في كثير من الأحيان. تم تصميم هذا الدليل لإظهار أين ولماذا إدراج النوع الاجتماعي مهم في المشاريع والبرامج التي تهدف إلى تحسين حيازة الأراضي وترتيبات إدارة الأراضي. ويوفر المادي لرفع مستوى الوعي لبعض القضايا الأكثر أهمية بين الجنسين التي تهدد الحصول على الأراضي والاستفادة من نتائجه.

Reports & Research
December 2010
Laos
Bangladesh
Malawi
Philippines
Vietnam
Mali
Guatemala
Africa

Accroître l'accès des femmes à la terre est crucial pour lutter contre la faim et la pauvreté. Toutefois, les disparités entre les sexes concernant l'accès aux terres restent importantes dans la plupart des pays, quel que soit leur niveau de développement. Une nouvelle base de données de la FAO aide à comprendre les facteurs qui empêchent les femmes d'accéder à la terre, et à concevoir de meilleures politiques pour lutter efficacement contre cette situation.

Journal Articles & Books
March 2016
Fiji
Nepal
Mali
Samoa
Germany
Denmark
Azerbaijan
Guinea-Bissau
Burkina Faso
Sierra Leone
France
Colombia
Indonesia
New Zealand
Mozambique
Liberia
Philippines
South Africa
Cameroon
Tanzania
Ecuador
India
Kenya

This guide explores the legal dimensions of responsible governance of tenure. It supports the application of the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure for Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security at the national level. The guide addresses the legal value of the Guidelines covering the governance of tenure of land, fisheries and forests by explaining the concept of legitimacy and reviewing the different stages of legislative processes, from legal assessment and law-making through implementation of legislation to settlement of disputes.

Reports & Research
December 2012
Angola
Algeria
Egypt
Bangladesh
Niger
Liechtenstein
Somalia
Namibia
Bulgaria
Bolivia
Ghana
Pakistan
Cape Verde
Jordan
Liberia
Libya
Vietnam
Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Tanzania
Portugal
Cambodia
Ethiopia
Paraguay
Saudi Arabia
Lebanon
Slovenia
Burkina Faso
Slovakia
Mauritania
Croatia
Chile
China
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Jamaica
Djibouti
Guinea
Finland
Uruguay
Thailand
Seychelles
Nepal
Laos
Yemen
Philippines
South Africa
Kiribati
Uganda
Syrian Arab Republic
Nicaragua
Kazakhstan
Niue
Dominica
Benin
Nigeria
Belgium
Togo
Zimbabwe
Sri Lanka
United Kingdom
Malawi
Costa Rica
Cameroon
Morocco
Lesotho
Tokelau
Turkmenistan
Trinidad and Tobago
Netherlands
Iraq
Chad
Georgia
Montenegro
Mongolia
Marshall Islands
Belize
Afghanistan
Burundi
Belarus
Grenada
Greece
Andorra
Rwanda
Tajikistan
Haiti
Mexico
Saint Lucia
India
Latvia
Bhutan
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Malaysia
Norway
Czech Republic
Antigua and Barbuda
Fiji
Honduras
Mauritius
Dominican Republic
Luxembourg
Israel
San Marino
Peru
Indonesia
Vanuatu
Macedonia
Suriname
Congo
Iceland
Cook Islands
Comoros
Colombia
Botswana
Nauru
Moldova
Sao Tome and Principe
Madagascar
Ecuador
Senegal
Maldives
Serbia
France
Lithuania
Mozambique
Zambia
Samoa
Holy See
Guatemala
Denmark
Germany
Australia
Austria
Venezuela
Iran
Palau
Kenya
Turkey
Albania
Oman
Tuvalu
Myanmar
Brunei Darussalam
Tunisia
Russia
Barbados
Brazil
Canada
Equatorial Guinea
United States of America
Qatar
Sweden
Ukraine
Guinea-Bissau
Swaziland
Tonga
Ivory Coast
Republic of Korea
Guyana
Switzerland
Cyprus
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Singapore
Azerbaijan
Uzbekistan
Central African Republic
Poland
Kuwait
Gambia
Eritrea
Gabon
Estonia
Spain
Faroe Islands
El Salvador
Mali
Ireland
Malta
South Sudan
Sierra Leone
Panama
Bahamas
Solomon Islands
New Zealand
Monaco
Italy
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Japan
Kyrgyzstan
Armenia
Micronesia
United Arab Emirates
Argentina
Sudan
Bahrain
Hungary
Papua New Guinea
Cuba
Americas
Northern America
Europe
Asia
Africa
Global
Oceania

The guidelines are the first comprehensive, global instrument on tenure and its administration to be prepared through intergovernmental negotiations. The guidelines set out principles and internationally accepted standards of responsible practices for the use and control of land, fisheries and forests.

Reports & Research
December 2011
Senegal
China
Asia
Africa

Este mes nos es grato invitarles a participar en una consulta electrónica sobre las Directrices Voluntarias sobre la Gobernanza Responsable en la Tenencia de la Tierra y Otros Recursos Naturales. Tras un prolongado proceso de consultas regionales, y antes de acometer la redacción del borrador cero, se están solicitando ahora materiales adicionales para la elaboración de estas directrices.

Journal Articles & Books
December 2013
Turkmenistan
Switzerland
Spain
Israel
Turkey
Sweden
Ukraine
Denmark
Ireland
Canada
Moldova
Japan
Tajikistan
Kyrgyzstan
Uzbekistan
Netherlands
Hungary
Kazakhstan
Georgia
Armenia
Asia

This paper was prepared within the “Cooperatives and their alternatives” component of the Agrarian Structures Initiative (ASI) which a regional program of FAO in Europe and Central Asia. The purpose of this paper is to introduce Central Asian policy makers to the Western paradigm of service cooperative and to explore the constraints – both physical and ideological – to faster development and acceptance of cooperatives. We also discuss the need for a complete reorientation of the government’s approach to cooperative development.

Journal Articles & Books
December 2015
France
United States of America
Nicaragua
Peru
Italy
Canada
Colombia
New Zealand
Americas
Oceania

En la 2-3 febrero 2015, la Organización de las Naciones Unidas para la Agricultura y la Alimentación organizó una reunión técnica Transcurrirá Pueblos Indígenas & respresentatives y personal de la FAO. La reunión contó con la presencia de más de veinte pueblos indígenas de las siete regiones socioculturales identificados por el Foro de las Naciones Unidas Permanente para las Cuestiones Indígenas (UNPFII), incluidos los miembros de los líderes del Foro Permanente, políticos, técnicos, productores de alimentos inidgenous y los tenedores del conocimiento tradicional .