Access to Land & Tenure Security

Land tenure is the relationship, whether legally or customarily defined, among people, as individuals or groups, with respect to land. (For convenience, "land" is used here to include other natural resources such as water and trees.) Land tenure is an institution, i.e., rules invented by societies to regulate behaviour. Rules of tenure define how property rights to land are to be allocated within societies. They define how access is granted to rights to use, control, and transfer land, as well as associated responsibilities and restraints. In simple terms, land tenure systems determine who can use what resources for how long, and under what conditions.

Land tenure is an important part of social, political and economic structures. It is multi-dimensional, bringing into play social, technical, economic, institutional, legal and political aspects that are often ignored but must be taken into account. Land tenure relationships may be well-defined and enforceable in a formal court of law or through customary structures in a community. Alternatively, they may be relatively poorly defined with ambiguities open to exploitation.

Source: GLTN

 

Brazil
20 June 2017
Brazil

Na próxima quarta-feira (21), o Tribunal Regional Federal da 5a Região, sediado em Recife, julga a constitucionalidade do decreto 4.887/03, que regulamenta a demarcação e titulação das terras dos remanescentes quilombolas no Brasil. A decisão pode afetar a vida de pelo menos 20 mil famílias com processos abertos no Incra nos estados de Sergipe, Alagoas, Pernambuco, Paraíba, Rio Grande do Norte e Ceará, áreas de abrangência do TRF 5.

20 June 2017
Asia

The average annual rate of deforestation is nearly 600,000 acres, and deforestation rates in the forested areas re higher than that in non-forested areas, said Tin Tun, director of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Conservation, at a workshop on knowledge-sharing among ethnic minority groups in programme to reduce emissions and deforestation in Asia. The workshop was held at the Horizon Lake View Hotel in Nay Pyi Taw yesterday.

20 June 2017
Global

LONDON (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Each week, at least four men and women vanish without trace or are found dead, cut down in a hail of gunfire.

In Cambodia, a single mother is separated from her two children, arrested and locked up in prison.

On the dry savannahs of Brazil's Mato Grosso do Sul, farmers shoot dead a 26-year-old indigenous man in broad daylight.

In Bangladesh, a university professor receives death threats from an al Qaeda-inspired militant group.

Foto: César Ramos
19 June 2017
Brazil

A CONTAG vive um novo momento de adequação da sua ação para a representação específica da agricultura familiar. Durante a oficina de planejamento estratégico, realizada na semana de 12 a 16 de junho, foi apontada a necessidade de as ações estarem mais integradas e as Secretarias de Política Agrícola, Política Agrária e Meio Ambiente organizaram a realização de um Coletivo conjunto.

Líbano Gomes Dias, administrador de Safim
19 June 2017
Guinea-Bissau

Safim promete resolver problema dos agricultores com fecho das bolanhas.

O administrador do setor de Safim afirmou que apesar da pouca margem de manobra para colmatar o sofrimento dos agricultores nesta zona e meios financeiros, há um projeto em manga, para resolver o problema dos agricultores no que toca com o fecho das bolanhas.

Líbano Gomes Dias falava exclusivamente ao jornal “Nô Pintcha”, no dia 10 de junho, sobre as dificuldades com que os agricultores se deparam na sua área de jurisdição.

Foto: Guilherme Cavalli / Cimi
Brazil
15 June 2017
Asia

Statement of the Network of Indigenous Peoples in Thailand (NIPT) at the 7th AWG-SF Conference held in Chiang Mai, Thailand

ASEAN Working Group on Social Forestry (AWG-SF) Chairperson, distinguished delegates from the ASEAN Member States, distinguished guests, participants, CSOs and indigenous brothers and sisters, I bring greetings on behalf of indigenous representatives, forest dependent communities and civil society organizations (CSOs) from Thailand who were part of the 6th CSO Forum on Social Forestry in ASEAN (9-10 June 2017) held here in Chiang Mai.

14 June 2017
Colombia

Jose Maria Lemus' murder adds to the growing list of recently assassinated social, Indigenous and human rights activists in Colombia.

Jose Maria Lemus, president of the Tibu Community Board in Colombia’s North of Santander state, has been killed, the Peoples’ Congress reported Wednesday.

His murder adds to the growing list of recently assassinated social, Indigenous and human rights activists in the South American country.

Africa

 

This blog originally appeared on UNDP

16 Jun 2017 by Phemo Kgomotso, Regional Technical Specialist, Ecosystems and Biodiversity, UNDP Regional Service Centre for Africa

Would forced migration end, if people knew that they could survive and thrive in their homeland?