Access to Land & Tenure Security

Land tenure is the relationship, whether legally or customarily defined, among people, as individuals or groups, with respect to land. (For convenience, "land" is used here to include other natural resources such as water and trees.) Land tenure is an institution, i.e., rules invented by societies to regulate behaviour. Rules of tenure define how property rights to land are to be allocated within societies. They define how access is granted to rights to use, control, and transfer land, as well as associated responsibilities and restraints. In simple terms, land tenure systems determine who can use what resources for how long, and under what conditions.

Land tenure is an important part of social, political and economic structures. It is multi-dimensional, bringing into play social, technical, economic, institutional, legal and political aspects that are often ignored but must be taken into account. Land tenure relationships may be well-defined and enforceable in a formal court of law or through customary structures in a community. Alternatively, they may be relatively poorly defined with ambiguities open to exploitation.

Source: GLTN

 

Reports & Research
December 2015

Session: Tenure & Fishing Rights 2015

Journal Articles & Books
December 2013

The Land Tenure Journal is a peer-reviewed, open-access flagship journal of the Climate, Energy and Tenure Division of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). The Land Tenure Journal, launched in early 2010, is a successor to the Land Reform, Land Settlement and Co-operatives, which was published between 1964 and 2009. The Land Tenure Journal is a medium for the dissemination of quality information and diversified views on land and natural resources tenure.

Reports & Research
December 2014

The Right to Food and the Responsible Governance of Tenure: A dialogue towards implementation aims to provide guidance for the implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (VGGT) which were endorsed in May 2012 by the Committee on World Food Security. More specifically, the study begins with a general introduction of the global context within which the developing process of the VGGT took place.

Journal Articles & Books
December 2002

The ten years following the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (Rio de Janeiro, 1992) have been years of intense activity in the reformation of national and international laws. Over the last decade, sustainable developmetn has become a universal watchword, and a major catalyst for the reorientation of legal texts. Profound legal changes have been triggered by the transformation of socialist economies and the accelerating globalization of trade and economy.

Reports & Research
December 2006

Most of the world’s poor work in the “informal economy” – outside of recognized and enforceable rules. Thus, even though most have assets of some kind, they have no way to document their possessions because they lack formal access to legally recognized tools such as deeds, contracts and permits. The Commission on Legal Empowerment of the Poor (CLEP) is the first global anti-poverty initiative focusing on the link between exclusion, poverty and law, looking for practical solutions to the challenges of poverty.

Journal Articles & Books
December 2015

O objetivo das Diretrizes Voluntárias é proporcionar uma orientação prática aos Estados nos seus esforços para conseguir a realização progressiva do direito à alimentação adequada no contexto da segurança alimentar nacional, com vista a alcançar os objetivos do Plano de Ação da Cimeira Mundial da Alimentação. Elas constituem um instrumento adicional no combate à fome e à pobreza e no sentido de acelerar a realização dos Objetivos de Desenvolvimento do Milénio.

Journal Articles & Books
December 2006

Water for agriculture draws on a range of sources - from naturally available water bodies to water supply infrastructure. In sub-Saharan Africa, only a very small percentage of arable land is irrigated. Most farmers produce food under rainfed conditions. In 1995, for instance, 89 percent of cereal production in sub-Saharan Africa was delivered from rainfed agriculture, compared to 58 percent in the West Asia and Northern Africa region (InterAcademy Council, 2004). The situation in the Sahel is very much in line with this trend.

Reports & Research
December 2009

Moyennant une analyse conceptuelle basée sur les traités et les instruments internationaux et deux études de pays, cette étude aborde la relation qui existe entre les droits humains, notamment le droit à une nourriture adéquate, et l’accès aux ressources naturelles, en accordant une attention particulière à la terre.

Journal Articles & Books
December 2007

Les Etudes sur les régimes fonciers réalisées par la FAO sont des exposés concis explorant le domaine, souvent complexe et sujet à controverse, du régime foncier, en particulier dans ses interactions avec la sécurité alimentaire, la réduction de la pauvreté et le développement rural. Ces études ne prétendent pas à l’exhaustivité, mais reflètent plutôt les «bonnes pratiques» identifiées par la FAO et ses nombreux collaborateurs internationaux dans le contexte spécifique d’un aspect donné des régimes fonciers et de leur administration.