Access to Land & Tenure Security

Land tenure is the relationship, whether legally or customarily defined, among people, as individuals or groups, with respect to land. (For convenience, "land" is used here to include other natural resources such as water and trees.) Land tenure is an institution, i.e., rules invented by societies to regulate behaviour. Rules of tenure define how property rights to land are to be allocated within societies. They define how access is granted to rights to use, control, and transfer land, as well as associated responsibilities and restraints. In simple terms, land tenure systems determine who can use what resources for how long, and under what conditions.

Land tenure is an important part of social, political and economic structures. It is multi-dimensional, bringing into play social, technical, economic, institutional, legal and political aspects that are often ignored but must be taken into account. Land tenure relationships may be well-defined and enforceable in a formal court of law or through customary structures in a community. Alternatively, they may be relatively poorly defined with ambiguities open to exploitation.

Source: GLTN

 

Conference Papers & Reports
September 2017
Africa
Nigeria

This article was submitted for the UN Economic Commission for Africa “2017 Conference on Land Policy in Africa” Nov. 14-17 2017, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

This article sheds light on a series of events that triggered escalating tensions over land and resources in the coastal communities of Lagos, Nigeria. This article provides an in-depth analysis of Nigeria’s laws on expropriation and the processes of acquiring land and compensating landholders in the Lekki Free Trade Zone (LFTZ) case. Specifically, the analysis addresses the following research questions:

As States Create Land Banks for Private Investors, Conflicts Erupt Across India
19 September 2017
India

State governments are building land banks, using both private and common lands, to attract investment in manufacturing and infrastructure, but at the cost of people’s rights.

Handful of sea-buckthorns harvested in the mountains of Nepal. Asian Development Bank
20 September 2017
Global

Land Portal Foundation and International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) launch thematic portfolio on Land & Food Security

Approximately 40 percent of the world’s land is used for crop production and pasture, but 800 million people remain food insecure and as many as 2 billion are malnourished. In the coming years, ensuring the world’s poor and vulnerable have access to and control over land will be critical to prevent devastating food shortages and starvation.

Urban Land Conflicts and Evictions in Latin America and the Caribbean
Reports & Research
September 2017
Latin America and the Caribbean

The Latin American and Caribbean Urban CSO Cluster, part of the Global Land Tools Network (GTLN), together with Habitat for Humanity’s Solid Ground Campaign and the Land Portal Foundation, launched an online debate on Urban Land Conflicts in Latin America and the Caribbean in January 2017. Responding to the common interest to make information easy to access and flow to boost collaboration among stakeholders as a critical basis to improve land governance.

18 September 2017
Colombia

As a 53-year civil war winds down, coca growers face growing pressure to shelve their lucrative crop.

Mauricio Quiróz has always had a plan.

The 38-year-old farmer and entrepreneur lives with his wife and three kids on a small ranch on the lush, steep mountainside that surrounds the municipality of Briceño, in the department of Antioquia in northwestern Colombia.

19 September 2017
India

State governments are rushing to build land banks, using both private and common lands, in an effort to attract investment in manufacturing and infrastructure.

16 September 2017
Brazil

Activists disconnected transmission towers as part of a protest demanding that their lands be returned.

A group of Indigenous Guarani activists have occupied Jaragua National Park and switched off transmission towers in Sao Paulo to protest against the privatization of state-protected nature reserves by the government of President Michel Temer.

"The main consequence will be the reduction of our lands and our culture. It will end vegetation and will grow real estate speculation," Guarani leader of the Jaragua reserve Thiago Enrique said, according to Brasil de Fato.

19 September 2017
Liberia

Monrovia – The Civil Society Organization (CSO) working group on Land Rights in Liberia, in collaboration with the National Civil Society Council of Liberia has alarmed that the current Land Rights Act passed by the House of Representatives and currently before the Senate is not in the interest of ordinary Liberians.

Africa

Autor:jornal La Repubblica/ IHU On Line

Fonte: http://port.pravda.ru/mundo/16-09-2017/44029-lado_obscuro-0/

 

Quando degustamos a nossa barra de chocolate, milhares de hectares de florestas africanas já desapareceram, matando animais e ecossistemas inteiros. Árvores pertencentes a parques nacionais e zonas que deviam ser protegidas tornaram-se vítimas do desmatamento, para deixar espaço para a indústria do cacau.

11 October 2017 to 14 October 2017

Location

Viana do Castelo
United States
US
Portugal

Desde a sua fundação, em 1984, a Sociedade Portuguesa de Ciências Florestais tem vindo a desenvolver diversas actividades no sentido de fomentar o estudo e progresso da ciência e da técnica florestal entre as quais se destaca a organização dos Congressos Florestais Nacionais.