Land tenure is the relationship, whether legally or customarily defined, among people, as individuals or groups, with respect to land. (For convenience, "land" is used here to include other natural resources such as water and trees.) Land tenure is an institution, i.e., rules invented by societies to regulate behaviour. Rules of tenure define how property rights to land are to be allocated within societies. They define how access is granted to rights to use, control, and transfer land, as well as associated responsibilities and restraints. In simple terms, land tenure systems determine who can use what resources for how long, and under what conditions.
Land tenure is an important part of social, political and economic structures. It is multi-dimensional, bringing into play social, technical, economic, institutional, legal and political aspects that are often ignored but must be taken into account. Land tenure relationships may be well-defined and enforceable in a formal court of law or through customary structures in a community. Alternatively, they may be relatively poorly defined with ambiguities open to exploitation.
A crise que se arrasta há 30 anos na Terra Indígena Pankararu, sertão de Pernambuco, ultrapassou todos os limites. Posseiros que ocupam 20% do território tradicional, desrespeitando decisão judicial de desintrusão há décadas, têm impedido o povo de acessar um posto do Programa Saúde da Família, no município de Jatobá. "A Sesai (Secretaria Especial de Saúde Indígena) aparelhou o local para atender a população indígena. Como teve recursos da Prefeitura, os posseiros dizem que é só para atender quem não é índio", explica Sarapó Pankararu.
Date: 23 February 2017
Source: Gulf Times
Some 350 farmers from Myanmar's Mandalay region are facing court cases related to land-grabbing, most of them brought since Aung San Suu Kyi's government took power a year ago, lawyers and activists said Thursday.
Anger among the rural poor over rampant seizures of land under the former military government that ran the country for half a century was a key factor that helped propel Suu Kyi's NLD party to power.
Date: 23 February 2017
Source: The Irish Times
Honduras is the deadliest country on Earth to be a defender of environmental rights with conflict over mining, hydropower and agribusiness leading to the deaths of many people from indigenous groups and rural communities, the Global Witness charity has said.
Na última quarta-feira, 15 de fevereiro, ocorreu em Cuiabá, a abertura Oficina de Planejamento do Programa Terra Legal. O evento visou a potencialização da regularização e destinação de terras públicas federais na Amazônia legal para 2017. Durando até o dia 17 de fevereiro, o evento, ainda contou com a participação do Professor Bastiaan Reydon, do Grupo de Governança de Terras. O professor abriu o evento, ressaltando a importância do Programa Terra Legal, além da Governança de Terras como um todo.
Publicly elected women representatives in India ought to take advantage of their influence to defend women’s rights.
A project in Burkina Faso has given a clear demonstration of what supporting family farms can achieve in terms of poverty alleviation and rural development. One important success factor was the transfer of land to farmers, accompanied by a secure land-tenure policy adapted to their needs.
On the 11th May 2012, the Committee on World Food Security of the United Nations adopted the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests (VGGT). Rural 21 asked Roman Herre of the human rights organisation FIAN about his views on the implementation of the Guidelines so far.
Does the inclusion of land rights in the global development agenda bear the potential to promote the secure and fair distribution of land rights? Yes, our author believes – provided that the land-rights community does not rest on its laurels and really addresses the crucial aspects.