Waste technically refers to the owner's right to change the nature of the land whether for better or for worse, although the most common interpretation is of abuse of the land.

22 March 2017


Since the inception of World Water Day 24 years ago to advocate for the sustainable management of water resources, several stakeholders have come together across the world each year to increase the awareness among people about the importance, need and conservation of water.

The focus this year, 2017 is waste water.

Reports & Research
September 2015

La violencia política entre el Estado peruano y un grupo levantado en armas (PCP-Sendero Luminoso) obligó a los habitantes de Viscatámpata a un desplazamiento forzado para salvar sus vidas. El caso relata la historia del retorno y recuperación de la tierra abandonada en la provincia de Huanta, departamento de Ayacucho, Perú.

August 2012

Nigeria's urban infrastructure is
crumbling. Water supply, sewerage, sanitation, drainage,
roads, electricity, and waste disposal-all suffer from years
of serious neglect. Periodic and routine maintenance, by far
the most cost-effective infrastructure spending, is almost
zero. It has become the norm in Nigeria to wait for a
capital infusion to rehabilitate, replacing instead of
maintaining the infrastructure. But declining financial

August 2012

Environmental degradation primarily
affects the poor, both in rural and urban areas. Reversing
the downward spiral of this degradation is essential to any
strategy for reducing poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa. This
study outlines the World Bank's strategy for improving
its assistance to SSA countries as they move toward
environmentally sustainable development (ESD). It assesses
the environmental situation and long-term trends in Africa,

August 2012

The project's original objectives
were to: a) improve living conditions and alleviate poverty
in Kampala; b) improve urban financial management; and 3)
strengthen institutional capacity. As part of the mid-term
restructuring, monitor modifications were made to these
objectives: 1) strengthen the Kampala City Council's
(KCC) ability to better deliver, finance, and maintain basic
urban services for all Kampala residents, particularly the

July 2013

This Health Sector Note is the result of
the first phase of an open, participatory three-step process
for developing the Health Sector Policy and Strategic Plan
(HSPSP), and serves as the preliminary basis for further
rounds of discussions, and analyses among stakeholders, to
arrive at a strategic vision for the national health sector.
The socioeconomic situation is reviewed, stipulating Eritrea
remains one of the poorest countries in the world, where

August 2013

Forestry contributes 7-10 percent of Lao
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and 15-20 percent of
non-agricultural GDP. In rural areas forest exploitation is
one of the few available economic activities, and non-timber
products provide more than half of family income. The sector
contributes 34 percent of total export value, and even more
of net foreign exchange. Forestry royalties as a share of
government revenues have decreased from 20 percent in the

August 2013

This study reviews the available
quantitative and qualitative information on urban poverty
issues and trends in the East Asia and Pacific (EAP) Region,
with particular focus on Indonesia, the Philippines, and
Vietnam. The review is a desk study-which is limited to
material accessible to the Bank in Washington and draws
mainly on existing field work and other published and
unpublished papers. The empirical analysis focuses on the