Palm oil is one of the most controversial yet ubiquitous agricultural commodities in the world, used in everyday products ranging from cooking oil and chocolate to toothpaste and soap. Over the past few decades, the palm oil industry has contributed significantly to the economic development of Indonesia and Malaysia, which together produce an estimated 85 to 90 per cent of global supply.
Unclear regulations on land ownership have led to overlapping claims, with some indigenous people occupying the concession areas of palm oil companies
JAKARTA (Reuters) - Indonesian security companies have seen a surge in demand for guards to protect palm oil plantations from fruit thieves and land grabbers, amid a rebound in prices of the commodity used to churn out everything from cooking oil to soap.
Villagers of Klong Sai Pattana say palm oil company responsible for targeted killings and harassment of their community.
Chai Buri District, Thailand - As he manoeuvred his pick-up truck along the dirt track leading to his village of Klong Sai Pattana one afternoon, Supot Kalasong, 42, heard a loud bang. He had been driving home after getting an oil-change in a nearby town and for a split second, he thought one of his tyres had exploded, burst by one of the sharp rocks on the path.
Colonialism brought large-scale farming to Africa, promising modernisation and jobs – but often dispossessing people and exploiting workers. Now, after several decades of independence, and with investor interest growing, African governments are once again promoting large plantations and estates. But the new corporate interest in African agriculture has been criticised as a “land grab”.
The Act concerns the valuation of land for rating and taxing purposes, it consists of 101 sections and is divided into nine Parts. Part 3 is dedicated to valuation which is to be done by the chief executive. There are different types of valuations, including valuation for rental purposes (sect. 15), of mining leases (sect. 24), of petroleum leases (sect. 26) and valuation for community titles scheme (sect. 26A). Part 4 is dedicated to annual valuations and Part 5 to valuations rolls. Part 6 concerns notice of valuation (other than annual) and objections, while Part 6A covers appeals.
Item 2 shall be amended to add the following phrase: “background concentration of oil products in soil shall be considered typical for background territory concentration of chemicals and components in soil.”
Amends: Ministerial Decree No. 962 regarding the sphere of competence of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection. (2006-07-29)
This Decree, consisting of 6 Chapters, regulates access to land and acquisition of land rights in order to implement petroleum operations within public or private territory of Angola. It is divided as follows: General provisions (Chap. I); Cadastre (Chap. II); Coordination of interventions (Chap. III); Procedures for land right concession to perform petroleum operations (Chap. IV); Guarantees of the Title land right owner (Chap. V); Final provisions (Chap. VI).
Implements: Decree No. 58/07 approving the General Regulation for Land Concession. (2007-07-13)
La presente Ley tiene por objeto el marco normativo relativo a la propiedad y la concesión de los hidrocarburos, los cuales pertenecen al dominio directo, inalienable e imprescriptible del Estado (art. 1º). Dentro de los 50 km de las fronteras nacionales, ningún extranjero podrá adquirir ni poseer propiedades inmuebles por ningún título, con la excepción del caso de necesidad nacional declarada mediante ley expresa.
This Decree concerns the Swedish Geological Survey Institute, which shall be the administrative authority for matters regarding geological formation of Sweden and the handling of minerals.The Institute shall collect and elaborate information regarding the geological condition of the subsoil and mineral resources present in Sweden. It shall also carry out survey and research on groundwater and well-drilling and collaborate with other authorities in the field of groundwater quality, nature conservation and environment protection.
This Law consisting of 65 articles divided in IV Parts and 10 Annexes aims at protecting the environment (land, air and water) from pollution. To achieve the objective the Environmental Affairs Agency (EEAA) is established for the protection and promotion of the environment.