Autor: Wagner Iglecias
An Act to vest all land comprised in the territory of each State (except land vested in the Federal Government or its agencies) solely in the Governor of the State, who would hold such land in trust for the people and would henceforth be responsible for allocation of land in all urban areas to individuals resident in the State and to organisations for residential, agricultural, commercial and other purposes while similar powers with respect to non-urban areas are conferred on Local Governments.
Les populations vivant aux alentours d’aires protégées doivent développer de nouveaux moyens de subsistance pour assurer leur survie. Les populations riveraines des forêts dépendent souvent de l’utilisation des produits et services que leur offrent les ressources naturelles. L’exploitation de ces produits jadis «gratuits» est aujourd’hui réglementée et limitée, notamment pour des raisons environnementales.
Alors qu'ils sont tributaires de l'élevage, de nombreux ménages vivant dans les régions arides et semi-arides du Kenya sont régulièrement confrontés à des pertes de bétail importantes en raison des sécheresses chroniques qui affectent la région.
Autora: Maria Júlia Lledó
This country level analysis addresses land governance in Viet Nam in two ways. First, it summarises what the existing body of knowledge tells us about power and configurations that shape access to and exclusion from land, particularly among smallholders, the rural poor, ethnic minorities and women. Second, it draws upon existing literature and expert assessment to provide a preliminary analysis of the openings for and obstacles to land governance reform afforded by the political economic structures and dynamics in the country.
This thematic study presents an analysis of customary tenure arrangements in Myanmar and identifies key challenges and opportunities for strengthening the recognition of customary tenure in the country. Drawing on examples from various regions and states, the study highlights key features of customary tenure systems, which vary depending on history, geography, resource base, ethnicity and social organization. It shows that customary tenure includes both communal land and private plots claimed by individuals or households, such as paddy land or permanent upland crops.
In October 2014, for the first time in recent history, the government of Myanmar decided to organize a public consultation to inform the development of a national policy. To support this consultation process, several organizations decided to organize civil society pre-consultation activities to listen and gather concerns from smallholder farmers to formulate relevant recommendations for the policy dialogue.