land reform

A government policy of splitting up agricultural land and dividing it up between those people who do not own any land.

14 November 2017
Indonesia
  • Indonesian President Joko Widodo last month gave several indigenous communities back the land rights to the forests they have called home for generations.
  • The total amount of customary forests relinquished to local groups under this initiative remains far short of what the government has promised, and looks unlikely to be fulfilled before the next presidential election in 2019.
  • At a recent conference in Jakarta, a senior government official said the president would sign a decree to help more communities secure rights.
8 November 2017
Madagascar

Dans le cadre du projet d’appui à la réforme foncière à Madagascar, la SGS recrute un expert international spécialiste de la gouvernance foncière ayant une expérience de 15 ans minimum en matière de décentralisation des affaires foncières, sécurité foncière et système d’enregistrement pour gérer le projet d’appui aux Guichets Fonciers. L’expert déployé pour 18 mois à Madagascar aura une forte expérience en matière de gestion de projet et une aptitude démontrée à la gestion d’équipe repartie sur un large territoire. Il sera de même l’interlocuteur privilégié du Ministère.

 

16 October 2017
Honduras

 

Campesinos organizados de Honduras exigieron hoy la aprobación de una reforma integral con equidad de género para reducir el hambre en el país y terminar con la impunidad en los casos de asesinatos de unos 100 labriegos.

 

Tegucigalpa, 16 oct (EFE).- Campesinos organizados de Honduras exigieron hoy la aprobación de una reforma integral con equidad de género para reducir el hambre en el país y terminar con la impunidad en los casos de asesinatos de unos 100 labriegos.

29 October 2017
Colombia

The 50-year civil war is over but, in the Cauca Valley, indigenous communities are on frontline of fight against drug gangs, riot police and deforestation

A green-and-red flag flies over a cluster of bamboo and tarpaulin tents on the frontline of an increasingly deadly struggle for land and the environment in Colombia’s Cauca Valley.

Overhaul of the right to protection from deprivation of property in Uganda cover image
Policy Papers & Briefs
September 2017
Uganda

The exploitation of natural resources plays a critical role in the Uganda government’s plans to develop the country. Extractive industries are up scaling their activity as the sector is gearing up for the exploitation of oil and gaz by 2020. In a country where most people live off the land, the construction of industrial infrastructure carries great risks for the protection of fundamental rights.

Reports & Research
Policy Papers & Briefs
December 2007
Ethiopia
Africa

Although a large theoretical literature discusses the possible inefficiency of sharecropping contracts, the empirical evidence on this phenomenon has been ambiguous at best. Household-level fixed-effect estimates from about 8,500 plots operated by households that own and sharecrop land in the Ethiopian highlands provide support for the hypothesis of Marshallian inefficiency. At the same time, a factor adjustment model suggests that the extent to which rental markets allow households to attain their desired operational holding size is extremely limited.

Reports & Research
Policy Papers & Briefs
December 2007
India
Southern Asia

Recognition of the importance of institutions that provide security of property rights and relatively equal access to economic resources to a broad cross-section of society has renewed interest in the potential of asset redistribution, including land reforms. Empirical analysis of the impact of such policies is, however, scant and often contradictory. This paper uses panel household data from India, together with state-level variation in the implementation of land reform, to address some of the deficiencies of earlier studies.

Reports & Research
Policy Papers & Briefs
August 2007
India
Southern Asia

Although opinions on impacts of land market transfers are sharply divided, few studies explore the welfare and productivity effects of land markets on a larger scale. This paper uses a large Indian panel spanning almost 20 years, together with a climatic shock (rainfall) indicator, to assess the productivity and equity effects of market-mediated land transfers (sale and purchase) compared with non-market ones (inheritance). The analysis shows that frequent shocks increase land market activity, an effect that is mitigated by the presence of safety nets and banks.

Reports & Research
Policy Papers & Briefs
August 2007
India
Southern Asia

Recognition of the potentially deleterious implications of inequality in opportunity originating in a skewed asset distribution has spawned considerable interest in land reforms. However, little attention has been devoted to fact that, in the longer term, the measures used to implement land reforms could negatively affect productivity. Use of state level data on rental restrictions, together with a nationally representative survey from India, suggests that, contrary to original intentions, rental restrictions negatively affect productivity and equity.

Journal Articles & Books
December 2008
Vietnam

We examine the impact of the 1993 Land Law of Vietnam, which gave households the power to exchange, transfer, lease, inherit, and mortgage their land-use rights. We use household surveys before and after the law was passed, together with the considerable variation across provinces in the speed of implementation of the reform, to identify the impact of the law. We find that the additional land rights led to statistically significant increases in the share of total area devoted to long-term crops and in labor devoted to nonfarm activities.