land reform

A government policy of splitting up agricultural land and dividing it up between those people who do not own any land.

Household Welfare Effects of Low-cost land certification in Ethiopia cover image
Reports & Research
March 2011

Several studies have shown that the land registration and certification reform in Ethiopia has been implemented at an impressive speed, at a low-cost, and with significant impacts on investment, land productivity, and land rental market activity. This study provides new evidence on land productivity changes for rented land and on the welfare effects of the reform. The study draws on a unique household panel, covering the period up to eight years after the implementation of the reform.

21 July 2017
Africa

The regional workshop with African Land Commissions on securing community land rights ended in Accra, Ghana, Wednesday with participants committing to advancing policy, legal and regulatory reforms in their respective countries and ensure their effective implementation in order to recognize community land rights.

 

Brazil
Journal Articles & Books
December 1944

In this classic work of economic history and social theory, Karl Polanyi analyzes the economic and social changes brought about by the "great transformation" of the Industrial Revolution. His analysis explains not only the deficiencies of the self-regulating market, but the potentially dire social consequences of untempered market capitalism. New introductory material reveals the renewed importance of Polanyi's seminal analysis in an era of globalization and free trade.

Journal Articles & Books
December 2000

"The hour of capitalism's greatest triumph," writes Hernando de Soto, "is, in the eyes of four-fifths of humanity, its hour of crisis." In The Mystery of Capital, the world-famous Peruvian economist takes up the question that, more than any other, is central to one of the most crucial problems the world faces today: Why do some countries succeed at capitalism while others fail?

Journal Articles & Books
December 2009

Đổi Mới, the name given to the economic reforms initiated in 1986 in Vietnam, has renewed the party-state’s ambitious scheme of industrialization and has intensified the process of urbanization in Vietnam. A large area of land has been converted for these purposes, with various effects on both the state and so- ciety. This article sheds light on how land conversion has resulted in farmers’ re- sistance and in what way and to what extent it has transformed their livelihoods in the transitional context of contemporary Vietnam.

Journal Articles & Books
December 2010

In this chapter, I adapt the game approach to examine the differences and conformities between formal legal laws and under-law regulations of the party- state institutions and the real practices of the Red river delta villagers139 on the holding and use of agricultural land. More specifically, this chapter emphasizes official norms, in this case the study of agricultural land claims regarded as formal legal laws and under-law regulations of the party-state institutions.

Reports & Research
December 2016

The objective of this background paper is to provide a succinct description of the land tenure situation in Cambodia and, on that basis, discuss the needs smallholder farmers have for land, projected up to the year 2030.

Colombia

Por Stephanie Burgos, Oxfam America, Asesora política senior

En Colombia, el país más desigual en el acceso a la tierra en América Latina, el acceso equitativo a la tierra es un tema decisivo para la consolidación de la paz en el país.