The Horn of Africa is one of the most conflict-prone areas of the world. It is also home to about 20 million pastoralists, which keep moving with their livestock in search for grazing land and water points. Pastoral conflicts are becoming more and more serious. CEWARN - a regional mechanism for preventing conflicts - tries to close the gap between 'early warning' and 'early response'.
By: Kagondu Njagi
Date: November 9th 2016
Source: Thomson Reuters Foundation
Rangelands threatened further as pastoralists struggling to graze animals sell firewood so their families can eat
NAMANGA, Tanzania, Nov 9 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - It is only 6 am but Veronica Lemungat is already setting up shop at the Namanga open-air market, on the Tanzania-Kenya border. She brushes twigs off her striped red and blue dress, and places a bundle of firewood at her feet.
By: Ian Scoones
Date: October 24th 2016
Source: The Zimbabwean
Maphisa in Matobo district in Matabeleland has transformed from its early days as a TILCOR (Tribal Trust Land Development Corporation) growth point linked to the nearby Antelope farm estate. Like Mvurwi and Chatsworth that I profiled in the earlier series on small towns and economic development, Maphisa is booming in the post land reform era.
An African town in an African area
Central control of forests takes
management responsibility away from the communities most
dependent on them, inevitably resulting in tensions. Like
many African countries, Tanzania--which has forest or
woodland cover over 30-40 percent of its land--established
central forestry institutions at a time when there was
little need for active management and protection because
population pressures were low. But in the face of scarce
Focuses on the impacts of climate change on reindeer husbandry in the Arctic and local adaptation techniques that could be useful and cooperation for others that need to be developed and shared.
Conservation of high-biodiversity tropical forests is sometimes justified on the basis of assumed hydrological benefits - in particular, the reduction of flooding hazards for downstream floodplain populations. However, the "far-field" link between deforestation and distant flooding has been difficult to demonstrate empirically. This simulation study assesses the relationship between forest cover and hydrology for all river basins intersecting the world's tropical forest biomes.
The authors explore how Latin American
livestock farmers adapt to climate by switching species.
They develop a multinomial choice model of farmer's
choice of livestock species. Estimating the models across
over 1,200 livestock farmers in seven countries, they find
that both temperature and precipitation affect the species
Latin American farmers choose. The authors then use this
model to predict how future climate scenarios would affect
Continuing a long Kyrgyz tradition, the
livestock sector is one of the strongest components of the
rural economy. The sector contributes substantially to the
national economy by providing high value food, income,
employment and foreign exchange. There are also significant
indirect benefits which include reduced risks to human
health, more sustainable use of arable land and pastures,
access to lucrative markets and the possibility to add value
While Zambia's economy performs
well, in macroeconomic terms, low levels of productivity
plague industry, and this constrains growth, diversification
and prosperity. In recent years, economic growth has
averaged 5-6 percent a year, business reforms are being
implemented, and investment levels are at an all time high.
However, according to the World Economic Forum's global
competitiveness index 2010-2011, Zambia is not a competitive