The Horn of Africa: confl ict prevention through regional mechanisms

Journal Articles & Books
January 2008

The Horn of Africa is one of the most conflict-prone areas of the world. It is also home to about 20 million pastoralists, which keep moving with their livestock in search for grazing land and water points. Pastoral conflicts are becoming more and more serious. CEWARN - a regional mechanism for preventing conflicts - tries to close the gap between 'early warning' and 'early response'.

Securing pastoralists’ land tenure rights

Journal Articles & Books
September 2016

Formal land titles are rare in pastoral communities around the world. In the past, this presented hardly any problems, since pastoral land was seen as of little use by most outsiders. But with growing competition for areas legal uncertainty is becoming an increasing threat to the livelihoods of pastoralists.

Grupo Centurión: el acceso a la tierra en el noreste ganadero del Uruguay

Reports & Research
September 2016

El caso del Grupo Centurión hace referencia al acceso colectivo de ocho asalariados rurales y pequeños productores rurales a un campo ganadero en régimen de pastoreo en la frontera noreste de Uruguay con Brasil, a través del Instituto Nacional de Colonización (INC).

Tanzanian herders, hit by drought, trade firewood for food

By: Kagondu Njagi
Date: November 9th 2016
Source: Thomson Reuters Foundation

Rangelands threatened further as pastoralists struggling to graze animals sell firewood so their families can eat

NAMANGA, Tanzania, Nov 9 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - It is only 6 am but Veronica Lemungat is already setting up shop at the Namanga open-air market, on the Tanzania-Kenya border. She brushes twigs off her striped red and blue dress, and places a bundle of firewood at her feet.

How land reform is transforming a small town in southern Zimbabwe

By: Ian Scoones
Date: October 24th 2016
Source: The Zimbabwean

Maphisa in Matobo district in Matabeleland has transformed from its early days as a TILCOR (Tribal Trust Land Development Corporation) growth point linked to the nearby Antelope farm estate. Like Mvurwi and Chatsworth that I profiled in the earlier series on small towns and economic development, Maphisa is booming in the post land reform era.

An African town in an African area

Sustainable Indigenous Knowledge Systems in Agriculture in Zimbabwe's Rural Areas of Matabelel and North and South Provinces : Zimbabwe Case Study

August 2012

This study researched Indigenous
Knowledge Systems (IKS) in agriculture in Zimbabwe's
rural areas, focusing on crop farming in the Tonga of Binga
District in Matebeleland's North Province, and
livestock in the Kalanga tribe of the Plumtree District in
Matebeleland's South Province. The study aimed to
uncover some of the knowledge that indigenous people used to
survive under the harsh climatic and physical conditions of

From Users to Custodians : Changing Relations between People and the State in Forest Management in Tanzania

August 2014

Central control of forests takes
management responsibility away from the communities most
dependent on them, inevitably resulting in tensions. Like
many African countries, Tanzania--which has forest or
woodland cover over 30-40 percent of its land--established
central forestry institutions at a time when there was
little need for active management and protection because
population pressures were low. But in the face of scarce

Niger : Towards Water Resource Management

August 2013

The study reviews Niger's water
resources, and planning process, through its short- and
medium-term water investment program, and priorities in the
water supply, and sanitation sector. Critical challenges are
examined for improving its complex water resources
management to support economic growth, given its landlocked
situation, with diffuse, and mostly rural population, and
immense, untapped fossil aquifer supplies. Despite multiple