environment

7 December 2017
Latin America and the Caribbean

¿Desarrollo e inversiones con respeto a derechos humanos y medio ambiente en América Latina? Para defensores de Honduras, Guatemala y Nicaragua, reunidos en Bruselas, un sueño lejano. ¿Por qué?

El desfase entre el respeto a los derechos humanos, los intereses económicos internacionales y es el mayor desafío para América Latina.  De los 200 asesinatos a defensores de derechos humanos y ambientalistas que hubo en 2016 en todo el mundo, el 60% tuvo lugar en América Latina. Según cifras de Global Witness, 14 fueron en Honduras, 11 en Nicaragua, 4 en Guatemala.

7 December 2017
Indonesia
  • In August, the village of Taba Padang in southwest Sumatra was recognized by the Indonesian government for practicing the best community-based forestry management this year.
  • Less than a decade ago, however, many of its residents were being arrested for planting in a nearby forest, deemed off-limits because of its protected status.
  • In 2010, newly elected village chief Yoyon embarked on a years-long process to obtain state approval to allow the farmers to manage nearly 10 square kilometers of land in the forest.
7 December 2017
Global
  • Recent research found that 20 different “natural climate solutions” have the potential to reduce global greenhouse gas emissions by as much as 23.8 billion metric tons every year — and that nearly half of that potential, or some 11.3 billion metric tons of emissions, represent what the study’s authors call “cost-effective climate mitigation.”
Atlas des Produits des Zones Arides d'Afrique cover image
Manuals & Guidelines
Reports & Research
January 2009
Africa

Avant-propos La notion de désertification se définit comme une dégradation des sols en zone aride, semi-aride et subhumide sèche, souvent appelée simplement « zone aride ». On estime qu’elle résulte d’une combinaison de facteurs, parmi lesquels les changements climatiques et l’activité humaine. Plus d’un tiers de la superficie totale de la terre est considéré comme zone aride. En termes démographiques, c’est un cinquième de la population totale du globe qui vit en zone aride déjà dégradée ou menacée de désertification.

African Drylands Commodity Atlas cover image
Reports & Research
January 2009
Africa

Desertification is defined as land degradation in arid, semi-arid and dry sub-humid areas, resulting from various factors, including climatic variations and human activities. More than one third of the surface of the earth consists of drylands. In terms of population, one out of every five people of the world live in already degraded or desertification-prone drylands. These people include many of the world’s poorest, most marginalized, and politically weak citizens. For instance, nearly 325 million people in the African continent live in drylands.

La gouvernance territoriale et ses enjeux pour la gestion des ressources naturelles cover image
Reports & Research
January 2009
Global

Comme la Préface l’a souhaité, ce document est conçu comme un plaidoyer. Son objectif, en effet, est de montrer pourquoi il faut aujourd’hui replacer la Convention de Lutte contre la Désertification au cœur des stratégies engagées pour affronter la crise montante de l’écosystème global. Son point de départ est un constat sans appel : la progression de la désertification et de la dégradation des terres et des eaux conduisent inéluctablement à un développement non durable (Chapitre I).

Climate change in the African drylands: Options and opportunities for adaptation and mitigation cover image
Manuals & Guidelines
Reports & Research
November 2009
Global

The drylands of Africa, exclusive of hyper-arid zones, occupy about 43 per cent of the continent, and are home to a rapidly growing population that currently stands at about 325 million people. Dry zones, inclusive of hyper-arid lands, cover over 70 per cent of the continent’s terrestrial surface. Outside of the cities many dryland inhabitants are either pastoralists, sedentary or nomadic, or agro-pastoralists, combining livestock-rearing and crop production where conditions allow.

Land Matters: Enhancing Synergies among the Rio Conventions on Land Use and Sustainable Land Management cover image
Policy Papers & Briefs
January 2009
Global

Land use practices contribute to both the emission and sequestration of greenhouse gases. Land is where the struggle to adapt to climate change will be won or lost by the poorest of the poor. Land science is a priority area of collaboration between UNCCD and UNFCCC, if land-climate insights and actions are to be optimized. It can also foster the synergies continually called for by Parties to the three sister Rio Conventions.

Land: a tool for climate change mitigation cover image
Policy Papers & Briefs
January 2009
Global

The Kyoto Protocol negotiated in the mid-1990s to address climate change adaptation and mitigation will be replaced by a post-Kyoto agreement in 2012. The new agreement under negotiation needs to seal the policy gaps in adaptation and mitigation that were omitted or excluded from Kyoto on account of scientific uncertainties. Particular attention needs to be given to the potential of land in all its dimensions considering its high capacity to store carbon. Land stores twice as much organic carbon as vegetation and the atmosphere combined.