a deed is a written or printed instrument that effects a legal disposition such as a contract for sale.

Journal Articles & Books
March 2017

Land Registration and Administration in Kenya is currently operated on a multi-legal platform [UN 2013]. The Land Registration Act No. 3 of 2012 (LRA) was in that regard enacted to consolidate, harmonize and rationalize land registration goals; which are yet to be achieved. This is majorly because in as much as the 2012 statute repealed five out of the seven major land registration laws, they all remain in force under LRA’s transitional clauses. The Government of Kenya is making efforts to avail land registration information online via the e-citizen platform.

Training Resources & Tools
June 2016

Utaran began work on the Sustainable Access to Land Equality (SALE) project to ensure transparency and accountability in land governance in December 2012. The project engaged communiies in three pilot upazilas - Amtali Upazila of Barguna District, Mohanpur of Rajshahi, and Sadar of Jamalpur - to raise the awareness of vulnerable landowners about land administraion, and to effect transparent processes for a) selecing landless people and b) khasland setlement.


By: Chris Arsenault 
Date: August 30th 2016
Source: Thomson Reuters Foundation

"People are actually dying because of this issue"

RIO DE JANEIRO, Aug 30 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - In Brazil's Amazon where no-one knows who exactly owns a swathe of territory the size of Ukraine, a lack of formal property deeds is causing conflict, greater deforestation and environmental damage, researchers said on Tuesday.

September 2013

The joint International Monetary
Fund/World Bank mission that visited Tunis from January 16 -
31 and March 27 - 31, 2006 as part of the Financial Sector
Assessment Program (FSAP) update for Tunisia carried out a
detailed analysis of the ability of the Tunisian banking
sector to support the country's development objectives.
Upon invitation of the Governor of the Central Bank of
Tunisia (BCT), the mission organized three well attended

August 2015

This report examines the Doing Business
database for 6 cities in Pakistan in order to assess how
cities in the Punjab – Lahore, Faisalabad and Sialkot, may
hypothetically improve their global rankings, as defined by
the Doing Business methodology, by adopting the policies,
regulations and practices of other cities in Pakistan. The
report attempts to distinguish between those areas which are
related to policies and regulations from those which are

March 2016

Doing Business in Egypt 2008 covers
three topics at the sub national level: starting a business,
dealing with licenses and registering property. These
indicators have been selected because they cover areas of
local jurisdiction and practice. In the last two years,
doing business in Egypt has become more affordable the
minimum capital required to start a business and the costs
of registering property and dealing with licenses have been

November 2013

From February 19 to 28, 2009, a World
Bank team undertook a debt management performance assessment
(DeMPA) mission to Honiara, Solomon Islands. The objective
was to undertake a comprehensive assessment of debt
management functions applying the DeMPA tool. The assessment
reveals that the Solomon Islands meets the minimum
requirements for effective debt management performance as
specified by the DeMPA tool on the legal framework,

May 2013

Doing Business in Zanzibar 2010 is a new subnational report of the Doing Business series on the sub-Saharan African region, following the subnational Doing Business reports on Nigeria and Kenya. It measures business regulations and their enforcement in the region of Zanzibar, represented by Zanzibar Town. Doing Business series currently covers 183 economies around the world.

March 2013

Reducing poverty continues to be one of
the main priorities of the Government of Albania. Currently,
Albania has an ample platform to provide social protection
to its citizens through social insurance, social assistance
and employment programs. However, these programs are not
efficiently linked to each other, which can lead to unclear
and occasionally overlapping roles among the programs. Among
these social protection programs, Ndihma Ekonomike (NE) is