customary tenure

20 June 2017
Kenya

Many cash-strapped Maasai have become landless after subdividing and selling swathes of land to the south of Nairobi

NAIROBI, June 20 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Kenya's opposition leader has raised tensions weeks ahead of elections by criticising the Maasai community's sale of ancestral land to other ethnic groups in an area hit by political violence in the 1990s, land rights experts said.

Many cash-strapped Maasai have become landless after subdividing and selling swathes of land to the south of Kenya's capital, Nairobi, where they used to roam with their cattle.

Reports & Research
November 2009

Armed conflict broke out in Côte d’Ivoire in 2002, which caused the country to be divided in two: the north under the control of the Forces Nouvelles rebels and the south in the hands of the government. It also caused the mass displacement of hundreds of thousands of people. In the west of the country, and in particular in the two regions of Moyen Cavally and Dix-Huit Montagnes, the crisis provoked a series of successive displacements involving population groups with competing claims over land.

Peer-reviewed publication
October 2015

Synergies among land institutions and institutional changes impact on land markets and in guaranteeing agro-based employment, capital injection, local economic development and infrastructural improvement. Increasingly, these institutions have come under pressure and there are concerns about their functional capacities and implications on land markets. This paper discusses institutional synergies and its impacts on customary land markets under large-scale land acquisitions for agro-investments in Ghana.

Brazil

Autor: Jacques Távora Alfonsin

Fonte: http://www.mst.org.br/2017/06/09/a-medida-provisoria-759-desterra-a-cidadania-em-nome-do-mercado.html

 

MP foi proposta pela bancada ruralista, com o objetivo de abrir todas as possibilidades de exploração da terra ao mercado.

29 May 2017
Africa
Kenya
Uganda
Cameroon
Namibia

With detailed field studies from Kenya, Cameroon, Uganda and Namibia, a new report sheds light on the consequences of extractive industries on land rights and indigenous peoples in Africa. “Worrying that so little is done to protect the environment and the indigenous peoples,” says the report.
 

Environmental degradation, cultural ethnocide and gross human rights violations: For indigenous peoples these are some of the consequences of the current global race for natural resources and raw materials.

28 May 2017
Liberia

The Civil Society Organization Working Group on Land Reform on Monday told the Legislature that they remain optimistic that the land reform bill, when passed into law, will empower rural communities through the recognition of customary land rights and other issues across the country.

The CSO working group said the passage of the land rights act will also support communities to self-identify and manage their land in line with the new law, going as far as providing legal assistance where needed.

O ato foi realizado pelo Conselho Nacional de Direitos Humanos (CNDH) em parceria com movimentos e organizações sociais. Foto: Guilherme Cavalli / Cimi
26 May 2017
Brazil

No dia 23 de maio, foi realizado no Memorial do Ministério Público Federal, em Brasília, o “Ato denúncia por direitos e contra a violência no campo”. Através de depoimentos de indígenas, quilombolas, pescadores e trabalhadores rurais, a atividade denunciou o aumento da violência contra os povos do campo recentemente.

Journal Articles & Books
December 2012

Los programas de atención a la reducción de emisiones provenientes de la deforestación o degradación de los ecosistemas, como es el caso de REDD+ y otros programas de incentivos forestales como son los pagos por servicios ambientales (PSA), podrían constituir una oportunidad para el fortalecimiento de los procesos de conservación, aprovechamiento sustentable y reducción de la pobreza en la región mesoamericana, y en particular en los territorios y comunidades indígenas.

Journal Articles & Books
December 2006

Across rural Africa, land legislation struggles to be properly implemented, and most resource users gain access to land on the basis of local land tenure systems.

Reports & Research
December 2011

Document de travail sur les régimes fonciers 20. Ce document analyse les caractéristiques des systèmes de propriété communale dans divers pays d’Asie. Les pressions actuelles du marché sur les ressources naturelles créent à la fois des défis et des opportunités pour les communautés et pour les gouvernements en vue d’utiliser et de renforcer les systèmes de propriété commune pour promouvoir la gestion durable des ressources naturelles. Des politiques et des institutions ad hoc sont nécessaires pour promouvoir la redevabilité des acteurs et la bonne gouvernance de ces ressources.