customary law


Collective land tenure is under threat in Kenya. Why it needs to be protected

Monday, March 27, 2017


Pastoralism is the main production system practised by communities who live in range lands and dry lands which are usually arid or semi-arid. But pastoral communities are facing increasing pressure on their land.

Customary Tenure in Myanmar

This video is based on the combined efforts of 5 civil society organizations and ethnic youth organizations (88 Generation, Point, FLU, KYO&TSYU) to document local Customary Tenure practices in different villages throughout the country, in the states of Shan North, Shan South, Magwe and Kayah, with the support of MRLG. It’s explains how they implemented the documentation of Customary Tenure practices. The video also explains what customary tenure is, based on the local communities point of view and practices, and why CT recognition is important to them.

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March 2016

The Recognition of Customary Tenure in Myanmar

This thematic study presents an analysis of customary tenure arrangements in Myanmar and identifies key challenges and opportunities for strengthening the recognition of customary tenure in the country. Drawing on examples from various regions and states, the study highlights key features of customary tenure systems, which vary depending on history, geography, resource base, ethnicity and social organization. It shows that customary tenure includes both communal land and private plots claimed by individuals or households, such as paddy land or permanent upland crops.

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November 2016

The Recognition and Security of Customary Tenure of Indigenous Peoples in Cambodia: a Legal Perspective (in Khmer)

This short thematic study challenges the assumption that the legal framework to recognize and protect indigenous peoples’ (IP) customary lands is adequate and that the challenge lies in its implementation. With support from MRLG, a core group of IP NGOs of the Cambodia Indigenous Peoples Alliance (CIPA) held a series of seminars to scrutinize this legal framework, identify gaps and make recommendations for a revision of the supporting legal framework. The thematic study documents this joint reflection.

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November 2016

Comments on the Proposed Environmental Code of Cambodia (V6) and Proposed Amendments for a Better Recognition of Customary Tenure Rights in Protected Areas

The « Environment and Natural Resources Code of Cambodia » (Sixth Draft – – 20 November 2016) is a very extensive proposed law (535 pages !) which will have, if adopted, major impacts on many aspects of Cambodian development (Mines, Energy, Urban planning, etc..) but is particularly important for the management of Protected Areas and of Forests and Fisheries. The code has been elaborated by a panel of experts and several working groups led by Vishnu Law Group. A public national consultation has been organized by MOE in Dec 2016.

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December 2016

Documenting Customary Tenure in Myanmar: A guidebook (First Edition)

This guidebook provides conceptual, legal and practical tools and resources to help civil society organizations guide communities through the process of documenting customary tenure at the local level. It also provides suggestions for how to build on the momentum generated by the documentation process to develop strategies and actions to defend, strengthen and promote customary rights at community, regional and national level. The guidebook was developed out of practical experience and conversations with local groups in Myanmar that have been documenting customary tenure.

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February 2017

Forest Customary Tenure in Man Ping Village, Northern Shan State, Myanmar

The poster presents an overview of forestland, livelihoods and customary practices in Man Ping Village, Northern Shan State, Myanmar. This poster is one of a five village case studies produced by partner organizations during field-based training on how to document customary tenure systems, supported by MRLG.

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February 2016

Recognition of Customary Tenure in the Mekong Region: a Dialogue

13 February 2017 to 27 February 2017
Natalia Scurrah
Terry Parnell

From 13-27 February 2017, the Mekong Region Land Governance (MRLG) project and the Land Portal will co-facilitate an online dialogue on the Recognition of Customary Tenure in the Mekong Region.





Por todo el mundo, la inmensa mayoría de mujeres se enfrenta a condiciones desiguales de control y acceso a la tierra y a los recursos naturales respecto a los hombres.

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January 2017



Partout dans le monde, l’immense majorité des femmes fait face à des conditions d’accès et de contrôle de la terre et des ressources naturelles inégales à celles des hommes.

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January 2017