Increasingly, social capital, defined as shared norms, trust, and the horizontal and vertical social networks that facilitate coordination and cooperation for mutually beneficial collective action, is seen as an important asset upon which people rely to manage natural resources and resolve conflicts. This paper uses empirical data from households and community surveys and case studies, to examine the role, strengths, and limits of social capital in managing conflicts over the use and management of natural resources.
This report seeks to present micro evidence on how environmental changes affect poor households. It focuses primarily on environmental resources that are outside the private sphere, particularly commonly held and managed resources such as forests, fisheries, and wildlife. The objectives for this volume are three-fold. It is first interested in using an empirical data-driven approach to examine the dependence of the poor on natural resources. The second objective is to examine the role of the environment in determining health outcomes.
This publication is the result of an initiative to promote an exchange between Brazil and African countries on lessons learned about the role of community forestry as a strategic option to achieve the goals of Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+). The initiative was supported by the World Bank with funding from the Global Environment Facility (GEF), and coordinated by the Amazonas Sustainable Foundation (FAS) with support from the National Forestry Agency International (ONFI).
Reforestation measures for degraded lands, strategies for the sustainable management of forest resources, and agroforestry practices that incorporate trees into farming systems are increasingly demonstrating their promise for producing commercialized tree products. Although the level of investment so far has remained modest, the challenge is to find ways to scale up promising investments in a way that will have a clear impact at the landscape level.
Desde a sua fundação, em 1984, a Sociedade Portuguesa de Ciências Florestais tem vindo a desenvolver diversas actividades no sentido de fomentar o estudo e progresso da ciência e da técnica florestal entre as quais se destaca a organização dos Congressos Florestais Nacionais.
“Protecting our land for a prosperous future”
A governação florestal em Moçambique é um tema de destaque nos últimos tempos. No final dos anos 90 e início de 2000 houve um movimento intenso no sector florestal para adequar as políticas e o quadro legal sobre a gestão de florestas. Este movimento contribuiu para alinhar as políticas nacionais com os padrões internacionais, particularmente sobre o desenvolvimento sustentável, a partilha de benefícios com as comunidades residentes na floresta, a contribuição do sector florestal para os Objectivos de Desenvolvimento do Milénio, entre outros.
Este relatório apresenta os dados detalhados de um trabalho feito por investigadores da EIA em Moçambique e apontando as discrepâncias dos dados do comércio de madeira, este relatório providencia provas convincentes sobre como a demanda insaciável da China por madeira está diretamente conduzindo ao corte ilegal e ao contrabando de madeira em Moçambique, roubando deste país empobrecido recursos significantes.
Leaders of Cameroon's indigenous forest peoples say their survival is at risk if they are further deprived of access to the lands that are the source of their livelihoods.
Speaking in Cameroon's capital, Yaoundé, indigenous representatives said they had experienced increasingly serious violations of their land rights by palm oil and other agro-industries, mining firms and timber concessions, as well as the process of creating protected areas on their ancestral lands.
This report indicates that the Forest governance is identified as critical to the success of REDD+.
Implementation of robust REDD+ strategy is possible through Community Based Forest Governance.
Report talks on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD+) which is a global mechanism that aims at sustainable forest management (SFM) through protecting forests and enhancing carbon sequestration.
Report briefly describes The Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006