The term commons is most frequently used to refer to those natural resources that are held in common by a community.

Salme Village beside the Solu River, on the right is the newly built bridge over the river. It is located in Nuwakot District, Nepal. Asian Development Bank.

By Andy White, Coordinator of the Rights and Resources Initiative

Reports & Research
Policy Papers & Briefs
January 2017
Eastern Africa

Following a chaotic political decolonization, from 1975 to 2000, the Comoros failed to sustain the extension of private land ownership pursued since the beginning of the twentieth century and to implement land reform prepared with the assistance of the FAO and the UNDP but abandoned after the assassination of the President of the Republic in 1989. This reform was based on a form of heritage management recognizing the plural and complementary nature of modes of securing land tenure.

September 2012

An Act to deal with undertaking survey and settlement operations in the State by adopting modern technology to minimize the time span without compromising the quality, transparency and grievance redressal and related matters.

January 2011

This is a judgment of Supreme Court of India to check grabbing of village common land including ponds and water bodies (called in different names) by unscrupulous persons, political clout, powerful vested interests, corrupt state authorities, etc by fraudulent practices and ensure their protection and safeguard.

Sheep Grazing Commons Above Private Valley Farms, Adrigole, Ireland (Photo: Liz Alden Wily)

By Liz Alden Wily and Fabrice Dubertret, Members of the LandMark Operations Team.

Do community-held lands thrive today in Europe? If so, what can communities in Asia, Africa and Latin America learn from their long experiences? This was the topic of a Practitioner Lab hosted by LandMark : the Global Platform of Indigenous and Community Lands at the XVI biennial conference of the International Association for Study of the Commons held in Utrecht on the 10th of July. A panel of four experts from Europe (Monica Vasile, Romania; Evelyn Dietsche, Germany; Rita Serra, Portugal; and Pedro Medrano, Spain) helped participants understand the realities of commons in their countries today. Pedro Medrano represented the Soria Forest Association of Spain, winner of the Elinor Ostrom Practitioner Award 2017.

Policy Papers & Briefs
December 2006

This paper discusses the internal processes and decisions that characterized thetransition from collectively held group ranches to individualized property systems amongthe Maasai pastoralists of Kajiado district in Kenya. It addresses the question of whygroup ranch members would demand individualized property systems, but then turnagainst the outcome. In addressing this puzzle the paper discusses the process of landallocation and distribution during group ranch subdivision.

Conference Papers & Reports
February 2011

One of the outcomes of the EC-FP7 project “Future Farm” was showing the need ofINTEGRATION, something that PROGIS has been doing for 15 years. Within the whole sectoragriculture–forestry-environment-risk management there is an enormous need for integrationthat is not available yet, because of on side the existing admin-sector-structures plus on theother side diverse public and/or private interests with opposite directions and in many cases thenot streamlined interest of ALL involved parties. On the other hand we have the nature that isfully integrated and should be managed by us!