Dr Mulaudzi is a lecturer in the Department of Historical Studies at the University of Cape Town. In this presentation made as part of a 4.5 day course on the political economy of land, mining and rural democracy in South Africa he critically examines different perspectives on the 1913 and 1936 Land Acts.
Professor Ben Cousins from the Institute for Poverty, Land and Agrarian Studies at the University of the Western Cape provides a critical review of the land reform programme in South Africa 1994 - 2016. This presentation made as part of a 4.5 day course on the Political economy of land, mining and rural democracy 22 - 26 Feb 2016 for activists associated with the Alliance for Rural Democracy.
The Government of Zambia is embarking on an ambitious program of legal and administrative reforms in land policy. Although the need to liberalize the land market is universally shared, the ideas on how to accomplish this transformation are not. Two decades of underinvestment in field research have resulted in the present situation of micro-level data on land tenure and farm-level production, consumption, and resource management inadequate to guide policy decisions.
Zambia has experienced strong economic performance since 1999. However, agriculture has not performed as well as the rest of the economy, and although the incidence of poverty has declined, it still
remains high. The Zambian government, within the framework of the Fifth National Development Plan
Zambia’s agriculture sector provides the main support for the rural economy. This assertion is based on the fact that about forty nine percent of the Zambian population depends on agriculture, primarily through smallholder production for their livelihoods and employment (CSO, 2014). Notwithstanding this fact, in 2015 the sector contributed 8.5 percent to the GDP and approximately 9.6 percent of national export earnings (CSO, 2015; World Bank, 2016). The potential for agricultural growth in Zambia is staggering.
In recent years, Zambia has witnessed increased interest from private investors in acquiring land for
agriculture. As elsewhere, large-scale land acquisitions are often accompanied with promises of capital
investments to build infrastructure, bring new technologies and know-how, create employment, and
improve market access, among other benefits. But agricultural investments create risks as well as
opportunities, for instance in relation to loss of land for family farmers. While much debate on ‘land