Peer-reviewed publication
March 2014

Biodiversity offsets can be an important tool for maintaining or enhancing environmental values in situations where development is sought despite negative environmental impacts. There are now approximately 45 compensatory mitigation programs for biodiversity impacts worldwide, with another 27 programs in development. While offsets have great potential as a conservation tool, their establishment requires overcoming a number of conceptual and methodological hurdles.

Peer-reviewed publication
October 2016

Few land disturbances impact watersheds at the scale and extent of mountaintop removal mining (MTM). This practice removes forests, soils and bedrock to gain access to underground coal that results in likely permanent and wholesale changes that impact catchment hydrology, geochemistry and ecosystem health. MTM is the dominant driver of land cover changes in the central Appalachian Mountains region of the United States, converting forests to mine lands and burying headwater streams.

5 June 2017
Brazil

SAO PAULO, Brazil – On May 29 the NGO SOS Mata Atlântica and the Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais released their annual report on the Atlantic Forest with some worrying results. The report shows that between 2015 and 2016, more than 29,000 hectares (71,660 acres) of native forests were lost. That’s a 57.7 percent increase over the previous year.

In the Valley of the Shadow of Death? cover image
Reports & Research
May 2017

London Mining Network is an alliance of human rights, development, environmental and solidarity groups working in support of communities around the world who are badly affected by mining companies based in, or financed from, London.

One such company is Antofagasta plc, one of the larger mining companies listed on the London Stock Exchange. The majority of its operations are in Chile. The most significant shareholders in Antofagasta are members of the Luksic family, a wealthy Chilean family which is also involved in a number of other businesses.

Regulations
August 2008

These Regulations implement provisions of the Mines and Minerals Development Act, 2008 with respect to a wide variety of matters such as: organization of mining cadastre offices; application for, or grant or renewal of a mining right or a mineral processing licence; transfer of a mining right or a mineral processing licence; permission for the abandonment of a mining area; alteration of or prospecting in a mining area; various matters relating to survey, mapping and certification.The central mining cadastre office in Lusaka shall administer mining rights and mineral processing licences.

Regulations
September 1993

The Government decrees that the Ministry of Environmental Protection and Natural Resource and its territorial branches is especially authorized environmental institution.

Legislation
June 1997

The Act applies to stone, gravel, sand, clay, lime, chalk, peat, topsoil and similar elements. Exploitation of mineral deposits on land and sea must be part of a sustainable development plan which purpose is to ensure monitoring of mining areas after extraction, raw material supply, ensure that raw materials used are quality based and that raw materials shall be, where possible, replaced by waste products.

Legislation
November 1995

This Act makes provision for the control of the development and use of publicly owned wetlands and submerged lands and especially of areas subject to adverse possession by virtue of adjacent private property. All exploration, development, water or non-water dependent uses of submerged lands or extraction of petroleum deposits or mineral deposits which may be located in submerged lands of the Commonwealth require an approved license, lease, or permit from the Secretary of Lands and Natural Resources.

Legislation
December 2015

This Act amends the Property Transfer Tax Act in section 3, 4 and 6. In section a minor amendment is made concerning delegation of functions and powers of Commissioner. The amendment of section 4 concerns the rate of tax in respect of a mining right or an interest in the mining right in and respect of land. Section 6 is amended in provisions concerning exemption from the provisions of this Act of any public benefit organisation or trust listed as such under the Income Tax Act.

Amends: Property Transfer Tax Act (Cap. 340). (2005)