This study on Latin America is based on a sample of eight countries, comprising the big four economies of Argentina, Brazil, Chile, and Mexico; Colombia and Ecuador, two of the poorest South American tropical countries; the Dominican Republic, the largest Caribbean economy; and Nicaragua, the poorest country in Central America. Together, in 2000-04, these countries accounted for 78 percent of the region's population, 80 percent of the region's agricultural value added, and 84 percent of the total gross domestic product (GDP) of Latin America.
Mexico, Costa Rica, and Ecuador have substantial experience with implementing payments for ecosystem services (PES) and conservation incentive programs. Yet, many aspects of their experiences remain poorly understood and will require special attention in any new or expanded use of these types of incentives.
Ecuador es un país con fuerte presencia de la agricultura familiar
campesina que, se estima, representa el 75% del total de las unida
<p class="textbox" dir="ltr" style="left: 130.862px; bottom: 429.128px; transform: rotate(0rad) scale(1.28677, 1); font-family: "CenturyGothic",serif; font-size: 11px;"><span>Ecuador es un país con fuerte presencia de la agricultura familiar </span></p>
The Ecuador Sustainable Forests and Coasts project aims to improve income for local communities, the project helps increase their productivity and the sale of products that depend on conservation (such as organic cocoa, vegetable ivory nuts, and crabmeat). For example: helping communities meet requirements for accessing financial incentives for conservation, such as the Forest Partner Program of the Ministry of the Environment of Ecuador (MAE), which provides cash payments over 20 years for the conservation of natural forests.
Por Stalin Herrera (OCARU)
Last month, the South African Independent Electoral Commission announced in frustration that it needs USD 22.9 million to collect addresses ahead of a court-mandated deadline, a problem compounded by the fact that most townships don’t have well-marked street names.
During the past three decades, the Pisque watershed in Ecuador's Northern Andes has become the country's principal export-roses producing area. Recently, a new boom of local smallholders have established small rose greenhouses and joined the flower-export business. This has intensified water scarcity and material/discursive conflicts over water use priorities: water to defend local-national food sovereignty or production for export.
This study estimates the willingness to pay (WTP) of Loja’s households to protect two micro-basins that supply over 40 percent of potable water to the city. Results indicate that households have an average WTP of $5.80 per month, which corresponds to a 25 percent increase in the self-reported monthly water bill, to preserve the basins.
Through an examination of interventions in the agrarian structures and rural society of the Ecuadorian Andes over the past 40 years, this article explores the gradual imposition of a particular line of action that separates rural development from the unresolved question of the concentration of land ownership and wealth among the very few. This imposition has been the consequence, it is argued, of the new development paradigms implemented in Andean peasant communities since the end of land reform in the 1970s.