United States of America

USA: Solar debate is about property rights

On Thu, Nov 10, 2016

By: Daily Times Editorial Board
Date: November 9th 2016
Source: DelMarvaNow

OPINION

Agricultural land makes up a substantial and important portion of Maryland's lower Eastern Shore, and the Maryland Farm Bureau is a vital advocacy organization for farmlands, farmers and poultry growers.

Date of publication
September 1964
Geographical focus

This Act directs the Secretary of the Interior, to review every roadless area of 5,000 or more acres and every roadless island within National Wildlife Refuge and National Park Systems and to recommend to the President the suitability of each such area or island for inclusion in the National Wilderness Preservation System. The National Wilderness Preservation System is to be composed of federally owned areas designated by the Congress as "wilderness areas". The Secretary of Agriculture must recommend suitable areas in the National Forest System. The Act provides criteria for determining suitability and establishes restrictions on activities that can be undertaken on a designated area. It authorizes the acceptance of gifts, bequests and contributions in furtherance of the purposes of the Act and requires an annual report on the status of the wilderness system. This Act also provides for use of motorized vehicles and construction of cabins, fisheries and aquaculture facilities, and other structures in wilderness areas in Alaska. Nothing in this Act shall be construed as affecting the jurisdiction or responsibilities of the several States with respect to wildlife and fish in the national forests.

Geographical focus

This Act establishes a National Wild and Scenic Rivers System and prescribes the methods and standards through which additional rivers may be identified and added to the system. The Act authorizes the Secretary of the Interior and the Secretary of Agriculture to study areas and submit proposals to the President and Congress for addition to the system. It describes procedures and limitations for control of lands in Federally administered components of the system and for dealing with disposition of lands and minerals under Federal ownership. Rivers are classified as wild, scenic or recreational, and hunting and fishing are permitted in components of the system under applicable Federal and State laws. The Act establishes National Scenic Areas and Special Management Areas within Scenic Areas. lands of such areas re transferred to the Secretary of Agriculture for management.

Geographical focus

This Act establishes a voluntary national program within the Department of Commerce to encourage coastal States to develop and implement coastal zone management plans. Funds were authorized for cost-sharing grants to States to develop their programs. Each State's plan was required to define boundaries of the coastal zone, to identify uses of the area to be regulated by the State, the mechanism (criteria, standards or regulations) for controlling such uses, and broad guidelines for priorities of uses within the coastal zone. The Act also establishes a system of criteria and standards for requiring that Federal actions be conducted in a manner consistent with the Federally approved plan. The Act also establishes a program for the prevention and control of harmful algal blooms and hypoxia.

Geographical focus

This Act designates various undeveloped coastal barrier islands for inclusion in the Coastal Barrier Resources System (areas adjacent to or contiguous with lands managed for conservation purposes). Areas so designated were made ineligible for direct or indirect Federal financial assistance that might support development, including flood insurance. Exceptions for certain activities, such as fish and wildlife research, are provided, and National Wildlife Refuges and other, otherwise protected areas are excluded from the System. The Act also assigns various mapping and study requirements to the Secretary of the Interior and creates a Departmental Coastal Barriers Task Force. The United States Fish and Wildlife Service was assigned the responsibility to implement provisions of this Act. Included in the System are additional areas along the Great Lakes, Puerto Rico, the Florida Keys, the Virgin Islands. The Resolution Trust Corporation and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation shall transfer interests in land to public or non-profit conservation organizations.

Geographical focus

This Act establishes a voluntary national program within the Department of Commerce to encourage coastal States to develop and implement coastal zone management plans. Funds were authorized for cost-sharing grants to States to develop their programs. Each State's plan was required to define boundaries of the coastal zone, to identify uses of the area to be regulated by the State, the mechanism (criteria, standards or regulations) for controlling such uses, and broad guidelines for priorities of uses within the coastal zone. The Act also establishes a system of criteria and standards for requiring that Federal actions be conducted in a manner consistent with the Federally approved plan. The Act also establishes a program for the prevention and control of harmful algal blooms and hypoxia.

Geographical focus

This Act designates various undeveloped coastal barrier islands for inclusion in the Coastal Barrier Resources System (areas adjacent to or contiguous with lands managed for conservation purposes). Areas so designated were made ineligible for direct or indirect Federal financial assistance that might support development, including flood insurance. Exceptions for certain activities, such as fish and wildlife research, are provided, and National Wildlife Refuges and other, otherwise protected areas are excluded from the System. The Act also assigns various mapping and study requirements to the Secretary of the Interior and creates a Departmental Coastal Barriers Task Force. The United States Fish and Wildlife Service was assigned the responsibility to implement provisions of this Act. Included in the System are additional areas along the Great Lakes, Puerto Rico, the Florida Keys, the Virgin Islands. The Resolution Trust Corporation and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation shall transfer interests in land to public or non-profit conservation organizations.

Geographical focus

This Act directs the Secretary of Agriculture to develop a program of land conservation and utilization in order to correct maladjustments in land use and thus assist in controlling soil erosion, reforestation, preserving natural resources, protecting fish and wildlife, developing and protecting recreational facilities, mitigating floods, preventing impairment of dams and reservoirs, developing energy resources, conserving surface and surface moisture, protecting the watersheds of navigable streams, and protecting the public lands, health, safety, and welfare. The Secretary may acquire property and protect, improve, develop, and administer any property so acquired and construct such structures thereon as may be necessary to adapt it to its most beneficial use and may also, among other things, cooperate with Federal, State, territorial, and other public agencies and local non-profit organizations in developing plans for a program of land conservation and land utilization or plans for the conservation, development, and utilization of water for aquacultural purposes. The Secretary shall also be authorized in providing assistance for any storage of water for present or anticipated future demands or needs for rural community water supply.

Date of publication
January 1988
Geographical focus

This Act established requirements for the management and protection of caves and their resources on Federal lands including indian lands, including allowing the land managing agencies to withhold the location of caves from the public, and requiring permits for any removal or collecting activities in caves on Federal lands. "Cave resource" includes any material or substance occurring naturally in caves on Federal lands, such as animal life, plant life, paleontological deposits, sediments, minerals, speleogens, and speleothems. The Secretary of Agriculture or the Secretary of the Interior, as appropriate, shall issue such Regulations as he deems necessary to achieve the purposes of the Act.

Geographical focus

This Act directs the Secretary of Agriculture to develop a program of land conservation and utilization in order to correct maladjustments in land use and thus assist in controlling soil erosion, reforestation, preserving natural resources, protecting fish and wildlife, developing and protecting recreational facilities, mitigating floods, preventing impairment of dams and reservoirs, developing energy resources, conserving surface and surface moisture, protecting the watersheds of navigable streams, and protecting the public lands, health, safety, and welfare. The Secretary may acquire property and protect, improve, develop, and administer any property so acquired and construct such structures thereon as may be necessary to adapt it to its most beneficial use and may also, among other things, cooperate with Federal, State, territorial, and other public agencies and local non-profit organizations in developing plans for a program of land conservation and land utilization or plans for the conservation, development, and utilization of water for aquacultural purposes. The Secretary shall also be authorized in providing assistance for any storage of water for present or anticipated future demands or needs for rural community water supply.

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