United States of America

USA: Solar debate is about property rights

By: Daily Times Editorial Board
Date: November 9th 2016
Source: DelMarvaNow

OPINION

Agricultural land makes up a substantial and important portion of Maryland's lower Eastern Shore, and the Maryland Farm Bureau is a vital advocacy organization for farmlands, farmers and poultry growers.

Wilderness Act (16 U.S.C. 1131-1136, 78 Stat. 890).

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This Act directs the Secretary of the Interior, to review every roadless area of 5,000 or more acres and every roadless island within National Wildlife Refuge and National Park Systems and to recommend to the President the suitability of each such area or island for inclusion in the National Wilderness Preservation System. The National Wilderness Preservation System is to be composed of federally owned areas designated by the Congress as "wilderness areas". The Secretary of Agriculture must recommend suitable areas in the National Forest System.

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September 1964

Wild and Scenic Rivers Act (16 USC 1271-1287).

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This Act establishes a National Wild and Scenic Rivers System and prescribes the methods and standards through which additional rivers may be identified and added to the system. The Act authorizes the Secretary of the Interior and the Secretary of Agriculture to study areas and submit proposals to the President and Congress for addition to the system. It describes procedures and limitations for control of lands in Federally administered components of the system and for dealing with disposition of lands and minerals under Federal ownership.

Coastal Zone Management Act of 1972 (16 USC 1451-1466).

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This Act establishes a voluntary national program within the Department of Commerce to encourage coastal States to develop and implement coastal zone management plans. Funds were authorized for cost-sharing grants to States to develop their programs. Each State's plan was required to define boundaries of the coastal zone, to identify uses of the area to be regulated by the State, the mechanism (criteria, standards or regulations) for controlling such uses, and broad guidelines for priorities of uses within the coastal zone.

Coastal Barrier Resources Act (16 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.).

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This Act designates various undeveloped coastal barrier islands for inclusion in the Coastal Barrier Resources System (areas adjacent to or contiguous with lands managed for conservation purposes). Areas so designated were made ineligible for direct or indirect Federal financial assistance that might support development, including flood insurance. Exceptions for certain activities, such as fish and wildlife research, are provided, and National Wildlife Refuges and other, otherwise protected areas are excluded from the System.

Coastal Zone Management Act of 1972 (16 USC 1451-1466).

Also available in

This Act establishes a voluntary national program within the Department of Commerce to encourage coastal States to develop and implement coastal zone management plans. Funds were authorized for cost-sharing grants to States to develop their programs. Each State's plan was required to define boundaries of the coastal zone, to identify uses of the area to be regulated by the State, the mechanism (criteria, standards or regulations) for controlling such uses, and broad guidelines for priorities of uses within the coastal zone.

Coastal Barrier Resources Act (16 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.).

Also available in

This Act designates various undeveloped coastal barrier islands for inclusion in the Coastal Barrier Resources System (areas adjacent to or contiguous with lands managed for conservation purposes). Areas so designated were made ineligible for direct or indirect Federal financial assistance that might support development, including flood insurance. Exceptions for certain activities, such as fish and wildlife research, are provided, and National Wildlife Refuges and other, otherwise protected areas are excluded from the System.

Bankhead-Jones Farm Tenant Act (7 U.S.C. 1010-1013).

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This Act directs the Secretary of Agriculture to develop a program of land conservation and utilization in order to correct maladjustments in land use and thus assist in controlling soil erosion, reforestation, preserving natural resources, protecting fish and wildlife, developing and protecting recreational facilities, mitigating floods, preventing impairment of dams and reservoirs, developing energy resources, conserving surface and surface moisture, protecting the watersheds of navigable streams, and protecting the public lands, health, safety, and welfare.

Cave Resources Protection Act (16 U.S.C. 4301 et seq.)

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This Act established requirements for the management and protection of caves and their resources on Federal lands including indian lands, including allowing the land managing agencies to withhold the location of caves from the public, and requiring permits for any removal or collecting activities in caves on Federal lands. "Cave resource" includes any material or substance occurring naturally in caves on Federal lands, such as animal life, plant life, paleontological deposits, sediments, minerals, speleogens, and speleothems.

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January 1988

Bankhead-Jones Farm Tenant Act (7 U.S.C. 1010-1013).

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This Act directs the Secretary of Agriculture to develop a program of land conservation and utilization in order to correct maladjustments in land use and thus assist in controlling soil erosion, reforestation, preserving natural resources, protecting fish and wildlife, developing and protecting recreational facilities, mitigating floods, preventing impairment of dams and reservoirs, developing energy resources, conserving surface and surface moisture, protecting the watersheds of navigable streams, and protecting the public lands, health, safety, and welfare.