Nauru

Date of publication
October 2014
Geographical focus

This Act winds up the Nauruan Land Owners Royalty Trust Fund, the Nauru Rehabilitation Fund and other dormant funds. It also requires the Cabinet may make regulations prescribing any matter or thing required or authorised by this Act to be prescribed or which is necessary or convenient to be prescribed for carrying out or giving effect to this Act. The Nauru Phosphate Royalties Trust (NPRT) was a sovereign wealth fund developed by the government of the Republic of Nauru in which the government invested money from the state owned mining company, Nauru Phosphate Corporation. This money was then re-invested in a real estate portfolio, among other things, to provide the government with a reliable national income following the depletion of minable phosphates on the island. Any person who has a dispute about land ownership details must initiate such claim or dispute with the Lands Committee by a specified date.

Date of publication
January 1970

FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations) and other development partners are working together with countries to prepare Voluntary Guidelines that will provide practical guidance to states, civil society, the private sector, donors and development specialists on the responsible governance of tenure. By setting out principles and internationally accepted standards for responsible practices, the Voluntary Guidelines will provide a framework and point of reference that stakeholders can use when developing their own policies and actions. Regional Consultations on the proposed Voluntary Guidelines are an important part of the process. They bring together regional representative, multidisciplinary groups to assess regional priorities and issues that should be considered when the Voluntary Guidelines are an important part of the process. They bring together regionally representative, multidisciplinary groups to assess regional priorities and issues that should be considered when the Voluntary Guidelines are drafted. The regional consultation for the Pacific Islands was hosted by the Government of Samoa, and was opened by Mr Taulealeausumai Laavasa Malua, Chief Executive Officer, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, Samoa. The consultation was co-organized by the University of South Pacific, the Secretariat of the Pacific Community, and the FAO Subregional Office for the Pacific Islands. It was attended by 43 people, from 12 Pacific countries, who combined their broad range of expertise to identify the issues contained in the assessment for the Pacific Region. Participants were drawn from the public sector, civil society, private sector and academia, and came from Australia, Cook Islands, Fiji, Kiribati, Nauru, New Zealand, Palau, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu and Vanuatu. In addition, people from the Federated States of Micronesia, Niue and Papua New Guinea were invited but were unable to attend.

Geographical focus
Date of publication
October 2012
Geographical focus

This Act amends the Nauru Lands Committee Act 1956. The amendments are set out in the Schedule to this Act and concern, among other things: the power of the Committee to determine the distribution of the personal estate of deceased Nauruans. ‘Personal estate’ means the personal property to which a deceased person was entitled at the time of the person’s death, and any share or interest in such property, that is: (a) subject to the law of Nauru; and (b) not real estate.

Date of publication
April 2011
Geographical focus

This Part of the Statute Law Revision Act 2011 amends the Nauru Lands Committee Act 1956 in section 2 by omitting the definition of "Council" and by generally replacing "Council" with "Cabinet". The Act also replaces section 8 on the validation of decisions of Central Court and Administrator made before the date of commencement of the Nauru Lands Committee Ordinance 1956.

Date of publication
April 2011
Geographical focus

This Part of the Statute Law Revision Act 2011 amends the Nauru Antiquites Ordinance 1935 by changing the Title from "Ordinance" in "Act" and by making consequential amendments. The Act also amends various sections in relation with various authorities.

Date of publication
January 1935
Geographical focus

This Act makes provision with respect to the discovery and protection of Nauru relics and curios and articles of ethnological and anthropological interest or value and articles manufactured by the natives according to Nauru methods and historical remains of any description, and such other articles or things of historical or scientific value or interest and relating to Nauru as may be prescribed. Discovery of antiquities shall be reported to the Police and the Administrator may appoint a suitable person to supervise any excavations.

Date of publication
January 1979

The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) - currently ratified by 187 countries - is the only human rights treaty that deals specifically with rural women (Art. 14). Adopted in 1979 by the United Nations Generally Assembly, entered into force in 1981. The Convention defines discrimination against women as follows:

For the purposes of the present Convention, the term "discrimination against women" shall mean any distinction, exclusion or restriction made on the basis of sex which has the effect or purpose of impairing or nullifying the recognition, enjoyment or exercise by women, irrespective of their marital status, on a basis of equality of men and women, of human rights and fundamental freedoms in the political, economic, social, cultural, civil or any other field (Art. 1).

The Convention covers civil and political rights, as well as economic, social and cultural rights. Notably, it contains obligations on State Parties also in respect of discrimination by private parties, or in private contexts. Furthermore, CEDAW considers both de jure (in law) and de facto (in practice) discrimination. States that ratified - or otherwise acceded to - the Convention are legally bound to put its provisions in practice, even if they made reservations, which shouldn't be in any way "incompatible with the object and purpose" of the Convention (Art. 28).

Because it sets an international standard of women's human rights in areas such as education, employment, health care, marriage and family relations, politics, finance, and law, CEDAW provides a platform for lobbying governments to promote gender equality and hold them accountable at international level. CEDAW has been an important advocacy tool of the women's movement over the last 30 years.

States Parties of the Convention should submit periodic reports to the CEDAW Committee on the legislative, judicial, administrative or other measures which they have adopted to give effect to the provisions of the Convention (Art. 18). Civil society can present "shadow reports".  

Art. 14, 15 and 16 of CEDAW specifically deal with rural women, ownership of land, inheritance rights and right to access property. You can read the Convention on the OHCHR website, where you can also find information on past and current Sessions of the CEDAW Committe, including official States' Reports and civil society "shadow reports", the Committee's Concluding Observations, and General Recommendations.

Finally, you can find information for NGO participation.

Geographical focus

This Ordinance makes provision for the establishment of Nauru Lands Committee, defines its functions and powers and its internal organization. The Committee has power to determine questions as to the ownership of, or rights in respect of, land, which arise between Nauruans or Pacific Islanders or between Nauruans and Pacific Islanders. The Ordinance also regulates appeals from decisions of the Committee. The constitution and procedure of the Committee shall be as determined by the Nauru Local Government Council.

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