Namibia is the most arid country in sub-Saharan Africa, with approximately 63% of the total population in rural areas. Namibia is considered a middle income country, although it has the highest income disparity in the world and an unequal distribution of land and natural resources.

The 1991 Constitution states that all people have the right to own, acquire and dispose of property and the right of inheritance. Subsequently, more specific land related laws were passed, which contemplate freehold tiles, leaseholds, customary grants and certificate.  The communal Land Reform Act 5 defines the power of traditional authorities over communal land and it sets the creation of Land Boards for the control of the allocation of land by traditional authorities. The Traditional Authorities Act 25 recognizes the traditional authorities as legal entities and establishes their powers and duties. Customary law and the rights of indigenous people are mostly formally recognized, and in many rural areas traditional leasers still decide the allocation and use of land.

In recent years, the number of land disputes in Namibia increased due to the loss of power of traditional authorities that made it easier for outsiders to have access to land without the permission of the people. The formal mechanism for dispute resolution is generally assigned to the formal court system. However, people in communal areas usually refer to the traditional authorities and also to NGOs as means of dispute resolution.

Young Changemakers using tech to solve land corruption

Fifteen bright young minds from Malawi, Namibia, South Africa, Zambia and Zimbabwe came together recently to brainstorm innovative solutions to combat land corruption affecting their communities.

Participants were brought to South Africa for an intensive three-day workshop, where they were mentored by leading social entrepreneurs and encouraged to develop solutions to boost integrity in the land sector, with an emphasis on cross-border collaboration. The four best projects to come out of this initiative will win seed grants to so they can be developed further. 

Namibia: Proposed law bans foreign landlords

By: Shinovene Immanuel
Date: November 14th 2016
Source: The Namibian

FOREIGN nationals will no longer be allowed to own agricultural, commercial and communal land if a proposed law tabled last week by lands minister Utoni Nujoma is passed in parliament.

Details on how government plans to ban foreign land ownership are contained in the Land Bill of 2016 tabled by Nujoma in the National Assembly last Thursday. 

Namibia: Depleted land reform fund culled resettlement

Date: November 11th 2016
Source: The Economist Namibia

Resettled farmers cannot access the loan facility fund offered by Government and Agribank as part of land reform attempts by the Ministry of Land Reform.

Namibia: Landless Invade Government Farm

By: Matheus Hamutenya
Date: October 24th 2016
Source: / New Era

After their land resettlement applications failed for about two decades, a group of fed-up farmers on Thursday moved onto farm Dickbusch - owned by government - with their livestock.

Experts applaud Namibia’s rangeland policy

By: Deon Schlechter
Date: September 14th 2016
Source: New Era

Namibia has the potential and is poised to enable a programme of improved rangeland management in local level land use planning and improved marketing conditions in communal areas.

This is true for the northern communal areas (NCAs) – where restrictions on marketing, farmers’ perspectives and current practices make improved rangeland management extremely challenging.

Namibia: Thousands of Women Get Commercial Farms

By: Albertina Nakale
Date: September 6th 2016
Source: / New Era

Windhoek — Of the 5 231 individuals who benefitted from the resettlement programme since independence to date, 1 405 are female, while 2 039 are men.

The remaining 1 787 are classified as 'group resettlement'.

Director for land reform and resettlement in the Ministry of Land Reform Peter Nangolo said all landless Namibians that apply for resettlement are considered without gender discrimination.

Wildlife Economics : Case Studies from Ghana, Kenya, Namibia, and Zimbabwe

Also available in

Between 1970 and 1992, the World Bank
assisted financially in about 15 wildlife-related projects
in Sub-Saharan Africa. The lending volume was US$ 368
million or about 1percent of the Bank's totals lending
during the same period. While geographically, these projects
have been concentrated in East Africa, especially Kenya, the
others are located in Somali, Malawi, Botswana, Cote
d'Ivoire, Zimbabwe, Ghana, the Central African

Resource information

August 2012
World Bank Group

Do Households Gain from Community-Based Natural Resource Management? An Evaluation of Community Conservancies in Namibia

Also available in

Community-based natural resource
management is an important strategy to conserve and
sustainably use biodiversity and wildlife in Namibia. The
authors examine the extent to which conservancies have been
successful in meeting their primary goal of improving the
lives of rural households. They evaluate the benefits of
community conservancies in Namibia by asking three
questions: Do conservancies increase household welfare? Are

Resource information

June 2013
World Bank Group

Republic of Namibia - Addressing Binding Constraints to Stimulate Broad Based Growth : A Country Economic Report

Also available in

This Country Economic Report (CER) is a
contribution to the ongoing debate among decision makers and
diverse stakeholders in Namibia on the outlook for sustained
growth and employment creation that addresses distribution
issues as well. The report addresses the following main
questions. What has been the past growth and employment
record and what can be learned? What are the main binding
constraints to growth? What has been the impact of this

Resource information

March 2013
World Bank Group