Experts applaud Namibia’s rangeland policy

On Thu, Sep 15, 2016

By: Deon Schlechter
Date: September 14th 2016
Source: New Era

Namibia has the potential and is poised to enable a programme of improved rangeland management in local level land use planning and improved marketing conditions in communal areas.

This is true for the northern communal areas (NCAs) – where restrictions on marketing, farmers’ perspectives and current practices make improved rangeland management extremely challenging.

Namibia: Thousands of Women Get Commercial Farms

On Thu, Sep 8, 2016

By: Albertina Nakale
Date: September 6th 2016
Source: / New Era

Windhoek — Of the 5 231 individuals who benefitted from the resettlement programme since independence to date, 1 405 are female, while 2 039 are men.

The remaining 1 787 are classified as 'group resettlement'.

Director for land reform and resettlement in the Ministry of Land Reform Peter Nangolo said all landless Namibians that apply for resettlement are considered without gender discrimination.

Date of publication
August 2012
Geographical focus

Between 1970 and 1992, the World Bank
assisted financially in about 15 wildlife-related projects
in Sub-Saharan Africa. The lending volume was US$ 368
million or about 1percent of the Bank's totals lending
during the same period. While geographically, these projects
have been concentrated in East Africa, especially Kenya, the
others are located in Somali, Malawi, Botswana, Cote
d'Ivoire, Zimbabwe, Ghana, the Central African
Republic, Burkina Faso, and Mali. The case studies focus on
four major themes: (i) the financial and economic viability
of wildlife; (ii) the significance of wildlife as meat or
'bush meat'; (iii) policy implications; and (iv)
environmental impact. Evidence in this last area, however,
remains qualitative and anecdotal. A critical hypothesis of
this study is that the property rights structure is a key
factor in determining the choice between wildlife and
livestock utilization.

Date of publication
June 2013
Geographical focus

Community-based natural resource
management is an important strategy to conserve and
sustainably use biodiversity and wildlife in Namibia. The
authors examine the extent to which conservancies have been
successful in meeting their primary goal of improving the
lives of rural households. They evaluate the benefits of
community conservancies in Namibia by asking three
questions: Do conservancies increase household welfare? Are
conservancies pro-poor? And, do participants in
conservancies gain more relative to those who choose not to
participate? The authors base their analyses on a 2002
survey covering seven conservancies and 1,192 households.
The results suggest that community conservancies have a
positive impact on household welfare. This impact is
poverty-neutral in some regions and pro-poor in others.
Further, welfare benefits from conservancies appear to be
somewhat evenly distributed between participant and
nonparticipant households.

Date of publication
March 2013
Geographical focus

This Country Economic Report (CER) is a
contribution to the ongoing debate among decision makers and
diverse stakeholders in Namibia on the outlook for sustained
growth and employment creation that addresses distribution
issues as well. The report addresses the following main
questions. What has been the past growth and employment
record and what can be learned? What are the main binding
constraints to growth? What has been the impact of this
growth on poverty and inequality in Namibia? What are the
prospects for broad-based growth in key sectors? What key
elements of an employment strategy would complement a growth
strategy? It begins with a discussion of Namibia's
history and background, then its growth and employment
record. The next section identifies binding constraints to
growth. Chapter 4 discusses poverty and inequality, while
the last chapter analyzes growth prospects in agriculture,
fisheries and manufacturing.

Date of publication
March 2012
Geographical focus

Namibia is a large country in Southern
Africa that borders the South Atlantic Ocean, between Angola
to the north and South Africa to the south. With a surface
area of 824,290 square kilometers, it is similar in size to
Mozambique and about half the size of the U.S. state of
Alaska. Namibia has a small population of approximately 2.1
million people. It is also one of the least densely
populated countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, with an average
density of approximately 2.5 people per square kilometer,
compared to 34 people per square kilometer for the region as
a whole. Namibia was the last colonized country in
Sub-Saharan Africa to become independent. After nearly 70
years of South African rule, Namibia gained its independence
on March 21, 1990. Until 1990, Namibia's official
languages were German, Afrikaans, and English. Following
independence, English became the official language, although
it is the first language of only a very small percentage of
Namibians. Oshiwambo dialects are the mother tongue of
approximately half of the population. Namibia, a
lower-middle-income country, has one of the highest levels
of per capita income in Sub-Saharan Africa. Namibia is one
of very few countries in Sub-Saharan Africa that maintains a
social safety net for the elderly, the disabled, orphans and
vulnerable children, and war veterans. It also has a social
security act that provides for maternity leave, sick leave,
and medical benefits. Namibia has one of the most productive
fishing grounds in the world. The fishing industry is an
important source of foreign exchange and a significant
employer. The tourism industry in Namibia is similar in size
to that in Botswana and is the country's third-largest
foreign exchange earner. Namibia is one of the largest
producers of gem quality diamonds in the world. It is
estimated that 98 percent of its mined diamonds are gem
quality. In 2006, almost half of total production was
recovered from offshore sources. Namibia is the driest
country in Sub-Saharan Africa, with deserts occupying much
of the country. It has no perennial rivers or any other
permanent water bodies. Due to the low and erratic rainfall
and scarce ground and surface water, less than five percent
of the country is arable, including through irrigation.
Namibia was the first country in the world to incorporate
environmental protection into its constitution. Nearly six
percent of its land is nationally protected, including large
portions of coastal areas within the Namib Desert.

Date of publication
July 2014
Geographical focus

The Country Opinion Survey for FY2013 in Namibia assists the World Bank Group (WBG) in gaining a better understanding of how stakeholders in Namibia perceive the WBG. It provides the WBG with systematic feedback from national and local governments, multilateral/bilateral agencies, media, academia, the private sector, and civil society in Namibia on 1) their views regarding the general environment in Namibia; 2) their overall attitudes toward the WBG in Namibia; 3) overall impressions of the WBG s effectiveness and results, knowledge work and activities, and communication and information sharing in Namibia; and 4) their perceptions of the WBG s future role in Namibia.

Date of publication
January 2008
Geographical focus

Migration, AIDS epidemics, and urban food security, interact in complex ways that are little researched and understood in the Southern and Eastern African context. To date, research on urban food security has been concerned with urban systems of acquisition and production, with an emphasis on the informal sector and more recently on urban agriculture. Much less attention has been paid to linkages and food chains between rural and urban areas and the degree to which they are embedded within systems of migration.

Date of publication
January 1970

The Eastern and Anglophone Western Africa Regional Assessment meeting was organized by a task force consisting of FAO, the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa, African Land Policy Initiative, the United Nations World Food Programme, United Nations Development Programme, the International Fund for Agricultural Development and the United Nations Human Settlements Programme officials in Ethiopia. The meeting was hosted by UN-ECA and overseen by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development Ethiopia and it was made possible by funding from the UN-HABITAT’s Global Land Tool Network and financial support from the Government of Germany and IFAD.

The workshop was the 9th in a series of others held in Southern Africa (Namibia), Asia (Viet Nam), Europe (Romania), Near East and North Africa (Jordan), Latin America (Brazil), West and Central Africa (Burkina Faso), Pacific (Samoa), Central America and Caribbean (Panama) and one held for the private sector in the United Kingdom (London). It brought together 51 participants from 13 countries in Eastern and Western Africa.

Date of publication
January 1970

FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations), GTZ (Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit) and other development partners are working together with countries to prepare Voluntary Guidelines that will provide practical guidance to states, civil society, the private sector, donors and development specialists on the responsible governance of tenure. By setting out principles and internationally accepted standards for responsible practices, the Voluntary Guidelines will provide a framework and point of reference that stakeholders can use when developing their own policies and actions.

Regional consultations on the proposed Voluntary Guidelines are an important part of the process. They bring together regionally representative, multidisciplinary groups to assess regional priorities and issues that should be considered when the Voluntary Guidelines are drafted. The regional consultation for Southern Africa was hosted by the Ministry of Lands and Resettlement of Namibia and was opened by the Minister, the Hon. Alpheus !Naruseb. The consultation was co-sponsored by BMZ (Ministry for Economic Development, Germany) and FAO, with local organizational support provided by the Namibia Institute for Democracy. It was attended by 57 people from 11 countries (Angola,

Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe) who brought a rich and extensive range of expertise derived from their experience in the public sector, private sector, civil society and academia.


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