poverty reduction

Groundwater for irrigation in Cambodia

A discussion paper by Robyn Johnston, Michael Roberts, Thuon Try and Sanjiv de Silva on groundwater for irrigation in Cambodia, published by International Water Management Institute, Colombo, Sri Lanka, iDE Cambodia in June 2013.

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December 2013

Assessing Poverty in Kenya

About half of Kenya's rural
population (approximately 9 million people) was the poverty
line in 1992, a proportion unchanged from 1982. In urban
areas, approximately a million and a quarter persons or 30
percent of the population was below the poverty line. In the
early 1980s, Kenya's social indicators were distinctly
more favorable than those of most countries in the region,
and there was further progress. But many indicators

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August 2012

Philippines : Poverty Assessment, Volume 2. Methodology

This report is intended as an input into
the Philippine Government's poverty eradication
strategy. The report aims to update our understanding of the
nature of poverty and the recent progress in poverty
reduction in the Philippines. It examines the extent to
which growth in the nineties has translated into poverty
reduction and analyzes how well publicly-provided social
services reach the poor and whether redistributive policies

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August 2013

On the Urbanization of Poverty

The author identifies conditions under
which the urban sector's share of the poor population
in a developing country will be a strictly increasing and
strictly convex function of its share of the total
population. Cross-sectional data afor 39 countries and
time-series data for for India are consistent with the
expected theoretical relationship. The empirical results
imply that the poor urbanize faster than the population as a

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August 2014

Prioritization Through Participation : Agricultural Investments in Cameroon

Accounting for around a third of the
1996 Goss Domestic Product (GDP) of US$ 9 billion (second
only to oil), and almost three-fourths of all employment,
agriculture is a dominant sector of the Cameroonian economy.
Also, as in most African countries, poverty in Cameroon is
concentrated in rural areas, with more than 80 percent
(approximately 5.5 million) of all poor people living in
such areas. The Government of Cameroon's objectives

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August 2012

Rural Development, Poverty Reduction and Environmental Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa

? This article outlines the role that
the World Bank will play in supporting a modified rural
development strategy for the Sub-Saharan Africa region: The
Bank will be more selective in targeting countries for
assistance in rural development programs, focusing on those
that demonstrate commitment to appropriate agricultural
policy and investment. It will expand its information,
education and communication initiatives to help governments

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August 2012

Best Practice in Poverty Analysis : Malawi Human Resources and Poverty - Profile and Priorities for Action, November 1995

The report requested by the government
of Malawi updates the poverty assessment completed in March
1990. It will guide policy and investment priorities, and
inform the design of programs intended to improve living
conditions and increase incomes of the people in Malawi. A
greater understanding of the magnitude and the profile of
poverty will also make it easier to implement a monitoring
system to evaluate the effects of programs and track the

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August 2012

Ukraine : Social Safety Nets and Poverty, Volume 1

The report is intended to determine the
appropriateness of the social protection system in meeting
the needs of the poor in Ukraine, and what are the changes
which can be instituted to improve such system. To this end,
the report presents the poverty measurement in the country,
assesses current social programs, and suggests a framework
for system redesign. In particular, it points at the
challenge of a transition economy, in realizing that poverty

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August 2013

Philippines - Development Policy Review : An Opportunity for Renewed Poverty Reduction

The Philippines regained a modest growth
rate of 3.5 percent per annum for 1999-2001, but has not yet
managed to reduce the incidence of poverty from its 1996
level. The Medium Term Philippine Development (MTPDP) growth
targets of over 5 percent per year are attainable, but only
if the key building blocks for sustained growth - an
environment conducive to increased investment and
productivity within both private and public sectors - are

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August 2013

Armenia : Poverty Update

The report updates the poverty situation
in Armenia, largely based on the Integrated Living
Conditions Survey conducted during 1998-99, and provides as
well, the foundation for the preparation of the Poverty
Reduction Strategy. The poverty profile identifies a
widespread, and still deep poverty incidence, but while this
poverty seems persistent, its depth and severity may be
decreasing, and extreme poverty subsiding. Notwithstanding

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August 2013