Land administration

Date of publication
January 2006
Geographical focus


 Although the transition from centrally planned economy to market oriented economy has started almost 16 years ago, like many other former socialist countries, Mongolia is still experiencing significant social and economic changes currently.

Date of publication
January 2011
Geographical focus

[Abstract] Although recent developments greatly increased interest in African land tenure, few models to address these issues at the required scale have been identified or evaluated. Rwanda’s nation-wide land tenure regularization programme is of great interest. A discontinuity design with spatial fixed effects that is used to evaluate the pilot for this programme points to three main effects; namely, (i) improved land access for legally married women and better recordation of inheritance rights; (ii) significant and large investment impacts that are particularly pronounced for women; and (iii) a reduction in land market activity rather than distress sales. Implications for programme design and policy are discussed.


This study has been prepared within the UNU-WIDER project on Land Inequality and Decentralized Governance in LDCs, directed by Pranab Bardhan and Dilip Mookherjee.

Date of publication
January 2005
Geographical focus


Kyrgyzstan was one of the first countries from the former Soviet Union (FSU) to privatize agricultural land and remains the only country of the five Central Asian countries that has distributed land to the former collective and state farm members and dismantled the majority of these large farms. 


It is, therefore, an excellent case study from which USAID might answer some key questions, such as: Which reforms worked and which did not? What would we change about the sequence of reforms? Was the outcome of the reforms as one would expect from a theoretical point of view? Which interventions should be emulated and which should not be? Where is there still work to do? An impact assessment would ideally contain both a quantitative and qualitative review of outcomes. However, with limited funds and resources, a brief but thorough qualitative review can answer most of the questions listed above to a satisfactory degree for future planning and efforts. This review is based on a literature review of other studies related to Kyrgyzstan’s land reform, two weeks of field research, and the experience of a team that consisted of both local and international experts who have worked on land issues in Kyrgyzstan since the beginning of the reforms.


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