A civil society perspective on engaging with the private sector
Towards SDG 17: Partnerships for the Goals
Increasing demographic pressure, economic development and resettlement policies in the Lower Mekong Basin induce greater population dependency on river flow to satisfy growing domestic and agricultural water demands. This dependency is particularly tight in upland areas where alternative water resources (groundwater) are scarce. As a result, communities tend to live closer to rivers, and so are more vulnerable to floods. This situation requires improved knowledge of flow variability for better management of water resources and risks.
With the global expansion of urban areas, competition over both land and water resources is steadily increasing, especially within developing countries(FAO 2012; Kuslu 2007; CER 2009). The expansion of urban areas into agricultural areas, such as in Uzbekistan, has created competition for water between farmers and non-farmers (FAO 2002, 2005). Subsequent growth of urban and peri-urban areas envisages new and expanded demands for water resources, entailing both reproductive and productive uses especially by the poor (Drechsel et al. 2006; van Koppen et al. 2006).
The Yellow River Basin (YRB) Focal Project set out to study water poverty, water
availability and access, water productivity, and water and related institutions in the
Yellow River basin to develop and rank a series of high-priority interventions aimed at
increasing water and food security for the poor, while maintaining environmental
sustainability. The YBFP identified complex relations between water and poverty in the
YRB; identified streamflow declines in the basin despite predicted higher rainfall;