Propriedade da terra

7 Dezembro 2017
América Latina e Caribe

¿Desarrollo e inversiones con respeto a derechos humanos y medio ambiente en América Latina? Para defensores de Honduras, Guatemala y Nicaragua, reunidos en Bruselas, un sueño lejano. ¿Por qué?

El desfase entre el respeto a los derechos humanos, los intereses económicos internacionales y es el mayor desafío para América Latina.  De los 200 asesinatos a defensores de derechos humanos y ambientalistas que hubo en 2016 en todo el mundo, el 60% tuvo lugar en América Latina. Según cifras de Global Witness, 14 fueron en Honduras, 11 en Nicaragua, 4 en Guatemala.

6 Dezembro 2017
Colômbia

La Agencia Nacional de Tierras inició, a través de la Unidad de Gestión de la Costa Caribe,  la formalización y saneamiento de los predios en las veredas de la denominada Zona Alta del municipio El Carmen de Bolivar.

La iniciativa fue necesaria, ya que la mayoría de los campesinos propietarios de las parcelas no cuentan con la real titularidad de los bienes inmuebles.
La falta de esos documentos no les permite acceder a los dos subsidios y otros incentivos, porque no existe la legalización y un documento que los acredite como sus propietarios.

Guatemala

La sexta avenida, entre quinta y cuarta calles está prácticamente tomada por campesinos, hombres y mujeres que se trasladaron a vivir ahí –frente a Casa Presidencial– porque fueron expulsados violentamente de comunidades en donde vivían, y según lo dicen, están dispuestos a continuar resistiendo hasta tanto el gobierno no les dé una respuesta clara y concreta a sus peticiones que tiene relación con la restitución de las tierras que históricamente les pertenecen.

Reports & Research
Novembro 2017
África do Sul

Farmers’ interest group AgriSA last week released its own land audit. This filled in a major blank in the land reform and policy field: How many black emerging farmers have bought farms outside government’s land reform programme? We now have a part answer: they bought 4.3 million hectares.  Other findings from this study are contested and methodological flaws are highlighted.

Journal Articles & Books
Dezembro 2007
Etiópia
África Oriental

The study is designed to explore the status of rural women in access to and control over land in the current land administration system in two rural Kebeles in East Shewa Zone Ada’a Woreda of Oromia region on smallholder farmers’ landholding registration. The Ormia National Regional State Rural Land Administration and Use Proclamation and its implementation procedure are examined from a gender perspective in terms of ensuring rural women’s land holding rights and control they have over land.

Journal Articles & Books
Dezembro 2009

The development of national REDD+ strategies has progressed. Common challenges include establishing appropriate national institutions that link into ongoing processes; ensuring high level government commitment; achieving strong coordination within governments and between state and non-state actors; designing mechanisms to ensure participation and benefit sharing; and establishing monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) systems. The different agendas of actors involved in policy formulation at the national level reflect those at the international level.

Journal Articles & Books
Dezembro 2012
Gana
África
África Ocidental

This paper examines the water dimensions of recent large-scale land acquisitions for biofuel production in the Ashanti, Brong-Ahafo and Northern regions of Ghana. Using secondary sources of data complemented by individual and group interviews, the paper reveals an almost universal lack of consideration of the implications of large-scale land deals for crop water requirements, the ecological functions of freshwater ecosystems and water rights of local smallholder farmers and other users.

Journal Articles & Books
Dezembro 2012
Etiópia
África
África Oriental

Ethiopia is often highlighted as a country in which a lot of foreign land acquisition is occurring. The extent to which these investments also constitute significant acquisitions of water is the subject of this paper. It is apparent that water availability is a strong driver of the recent surge of investments in agricultural land globally, and in general the investments occur in countries with significant 'untapped' water resources. Ethiopia is no exception.